Nickname(s): Pride Of The Sahel
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12.000°N 11.500°E / 12.000; 11.500
27 August 1991
• Governor ,
Ibrahim Geidam (ANPP)
45,502 km (17,568 sq mi)
6th of 36
Population (1991 census)
• Estimate (2005)
32nd of 36
31/km (80/sq mi)
• Per capita
ISO 3166 code
Yobe State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe state was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.
3 Local Government Areas,
5 Ethnic groups,
8 External links,
The state borders the Nigerian states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. It borders the Diffa Region and the Zinder Region to the north in The Republic of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, the state is dry and hot for most the year, except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate.
Yobe State came into being on the 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.
On 14 May 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Yobe State along with neighboring Borno State and Adamawa State, due to the activities of the terrorist network Boko Haram.
Local Government Areas:
Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas, or LGAs. They are:
While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum in Fune LGA, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located in Potiskum.
The major ethnic group living in Yobe State are Kanuri, while other ethnic communities include Ngizim, Kare-Kare, Bolewa, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo and Shuwa, Fulani (( Bura )), maga.
The population is mainly Muslim. Sharia law is valid and Boko Haram is active. No Roman Catholic diocese has its seat in the state.