This article is about the Mexican state. For other uses, see Quintana Roo (disambiguation).
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Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo
Anthem: Himno a Quintana Roo
State of Quintana Roo within Mexico
Coordinates: 19°35′44″N 87°54′47″W / 19.59556°N 87.91306°W / 19.59556; -87.91306Coordinates: 19°35′44″N 87°54′47″W / 19.59556°N 87.91306°W / 19.59556; -87.91306
October 8, 1974
Congress of Quintana Roo
Pedro Joaquin , Ludivina Menchaca , José Luis García
• Susana Hurtado ,
• Carlos Manuel Joaquín ,
• Rosario Ortiz Yeladaqui ,
• Gustavo Ortega Joaquín ,
44,705 km (17,261 sq mi)
230 m (750 ft)
33/km (85/sq mi)
• Density rank
• Summer (DST)
ISO 3166 code
0.7488 high Ranked 10th
US$ 10,286,552.031 th
^ a. The state's GDP was $131,667,866 thousand of pesos in 2008, amount corresponding to $10,286,552.031 thousand of dollars, being a dollar worth 12.80 pesos (value of June 3, 2010).
Quintana Roo (Spanish pronunciation: kinˈtana ˈro), officially Free and Sovereign State of Quintana Roo (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 10 municipalities and its capital city is Chetumal.
It is located in Southeastern Mexico, on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. It is bordered by the states of Yucatán to the northwest and Campeche to the west. To the north, Quintana Roo borders the Gulf of Mexico and to the south, Belize. It also claims territory which gives it a small border with Guatemala in the southwest of the state, although this disputed area is also claimed by Campeche.
Quintana Roo is home of the world famous city of Cancún, the islands of Cozumel and Isla Mujeres, the towns of Bacalar, Playa del Carmen and Akumal, as well as the ancient Maya ruins of Chacchoben, Coba, Kohunlich, Muyil, Tulum, Xel-Há, and Xcaret. The Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve is also in the state.
The state officially covers an area of 44,705 square kilometers (17,261 sq mi), but since 1997 there is a boundary dispute with the states of Yucatán and Campeche over an area of approximately 10,200 square kilometers (3,900 sq mi).
The statewide population is expanding at a rapid rate due to the construction of hotels and the demand for workers. Many immigrants come from Yucatán, Campeche, Tabasco, and Veracruz. The state is frequently hit by severe hurricanes due to its exposed location, the most recent and severe being Hurricane Dean in 2007, making landfall with sustained winds of 280 km/h (175 mph), with gusts up to 320 km/h (200 mph).
4 Tourism, ecotourism, and globalization
4.2 Biotic situation of the Yucatán Peninsula,
4.3 Ecosystems and animals,
4.5 Effects of tourism,
4.6 Tourism projections and the native Maya,
7 Flora and fauna,
8 See also,
11 Further reading,
12 External links,
The area that makes up modern Quintana Roo was long part of Yucatán, sharing its history. With the Caste War of Yucatán starting in the 1840s, all non-natives were driven from the region and the independent Maya nation of Chan Santa Cruz was centered on what is now the town of Felipe Carrillo Puerto.
Quintana Roo was made a territory of Mexico by decree of President Porfirio Díaz on November 24, 1902. It was named after an early patriot of the Mexican Republic, Andrés Quintana Roo. The Mexican army succeeded in defeating most of the Maya population of the region during the 1910s, and in 1915 the area was again declared to be legally part of the state of Yucatán.
Quintana Roo was granted statehood within the United Mexican States on October 8, 1974. It is the Mexican Republic's youngest state.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Municipalities_of_Quintana_Roo
The State of Quintana Roo is divided into 10 municipalities (Spanish: municipios), each headed by a municipal president:
Othón P. Blanco,
Felipe Carrillo Puerto,
José María Morelos,
Tourism, ecotourism, and globalization:
Quintana Roo's tourist boom began in the 1970s.Tourism resulted in the development of coastal hotels and resorts, in addition to ecotourism inland and in coastal regions, which have increased the development of the region as well as the gross domestic product. Quintana Roo ranks sixth among Mexican states according to the United Nations Human Development index (HDI).
Biotic situation of the Yucatán Peninsula:
The Yucatán Peninsula is one of the most forested areas of the world in terms of biotic mass per hectare. However, anthropological, biological and governmental experts have determined that Quintana Roo is 'facing a faunal crisis'. Many medium to large game animals are disappearing due to hunting and habitat loss. While its population is relatively small, Quintana Roo is experiencing both a population influx and an increase in tourism. This only increases the pressure on the plants and animals native to the area.
Ecosystems and animals:
There are four generalized ecosystems in Quintana Roo--tropical forests, or jungle, savanna, mangrove forests, and coral reefs. One of the byproducts of traditional and large-scale agriculture is the creation of additional habitats, such as second growth forests and fields/pastures. Tourism has caused Quintana Roo to become famous around the world in the last thirty or so years for its beaches and coastline. Biological experts consider the coastline of Quintana Roo one of the best manatee habitats worldwide.Queen conchs are also noted for their inhabitation of coastal territory. The wide variety of biotic organisms such as these has decreased drastically in the last fifteen years.
Also affected by the loss of habitat due to both agriculture and development, birds are one of the region's most varied animal assets. Hundreds of species reside in Quintana Roo permanently, with hundreds of others either wintering there or using it as a stopover on the long journey into South America. As a result, many birders come to the area annually in search of the rare and unexpected.
Effects of tourism:
Many blame the environmental damage in Quintana Roo on either the regional government or outside investors. However, resorts and hotels in Quintana Roo have created jobs and increased economic activity, which in turn has resulted in growth.
Tourism projections and the native Maya:
Projections for the tourism economy of Quintana Roo were exceedingly optimistic. It houses multiple tourist attractions from the Maya ruins to the lush forests and beautiful beaches. However, the long-term effects were not foreseen. The effect on the local environment was not properly considered. Economic stresses of development and population were virtually ignored. The effect on the native population was not properly considered. The 'economic marginalization' of the Maya has had drastic effects on their sense of place and identity. For tourism to truly benefit the region, attention must go to both the environment and the area's original occupants.
Instituto Tecnológico de Cancún, Cancún,
University of Quintana Roo, Chetumal,
Universidad Intercultural Maya de Quintana Roo, José María Morelos,
Universidad Anáhuac Cancún, Cancún,
Universidad del Caribe, Cancún,
Universidad Tecnológica de la Riviera Maya, Playa del Carmen,
Universidad La Salle Cancún, Cancún,
The Atlante F.C. was founded in 1916 in Mexico City and they now play association football (soccer) in the Primera División de México. Their home ground (since 2007) is the Estadio Andrés Quintana Roo in Cancún.
After playing the 1955-2001 seasons in Mexico City and the 2002-2005 seasons in Puebla the Quintana Roo Tigers have been playing baseball with a home field at the Estadio de Béisbol Beto Ávila in Cancún since the 2006 season. The Tigers made it to the Mexican League series in 2009, but lost to the Saraperos de Saltillo 4 games to 2.
Flora and fauna:
Flora and fauna of Quintana Roo