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| @gulzarsheikh
For other uses, see Gulzar (disambiguation). Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1934), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and film director. Born in Jhelum District in British India, his family moved to India after partition. He started his career as a lyricist in the 1963 film Bandini and worked with many music directors including R. D. Burman, Salil Choudhury, Vishal Bhardwaj and A. R. Rahman. He directed films such as Aandhi and Mausam and TV series during 1970s and 1980s. Gulzar also wrote poetry, dialogues and scripts. He was awarded Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian award in India, the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award -- the highest award in Indian cinema. He has won several Indian National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award and one Grammy Award. Early life: Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India (now in Pakistan). Before becoming a writer, Sampooran worked in Mumbai as a car mechanic in a garage. His father rebuked him for being writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar Deenvi and later simply Gulzar. Career: Lyrics: Gulzar began his career under the film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. He started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963).Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie requested Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle", sung by Lata Mangeshkar. Directed and produced by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the 1968 film Aashirwad had dialogues and lyrics written by Gulzar. The soundtrack of the film notably includes the rap song "Rail Gaadi" sung by actor Ashok Kumar. Song lyrics and poems written by Gulzar gave the poetic attribute and the "much-needed additional dimension" to Kumar's role in the film. Kumar bagged the Best Actor at the Filmfare and at the National Film Awards for this role. Gulzar's lyrics however did not gain much attention until the 1969's Khamoshi, where his song "Humne Dekhi Hai Un Aankhon Ki Mehekti Khushboo" became popular. Ganesh Anantharaman in his book Bollywood Melodies describes Gulzar's words to be daringly defiant than the faux paus of "Dekhi Hai Khushboo". For the 1971 film Guddi, he penned two songs of which "Humko Man Ki Shakti Dena" was a prayer which is still sung in many schools in India. As a lyricist, Gulzar had close association with the music director Rahul Dev Burman. He has also worked with Sachin Dev Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, and Anu Malik. Gulzar worked with Salil Chowdhury (Anand (1971), Mere Apne (1971)), Madan Mohan (Mausam (1975)) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj (Maachis (1996), Omkara (2006), Kaminey (2009)), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.. (1998), Guru (2007), Slumdog Millionaire (2008), Raavan (2010)) and Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy (Bunty Aur Babli (2005)). Gulzar took inspiration from Amir Khusrow's "Ay Sarbathe Aashiqui" to pen "Ay Hairathe Aashiqui" for Mani Ratnam's 2007 Hindi film Guru which had music composed by A. R. Rahman. Another Ratnam-Rahman hit, "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from Dil Se.. also had lyrics written by Gulzar, based on the Sufi folk song "Thaiyya Thaiyya" with lyrics by poet Bulleh Shah. For another collaboration with Rahman for Danny Boyle's 2007 Hollywood film Slumdog Millionaire, Rahman and Gulzar won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" at the 81st Academy Awards. The song received international acclaim and won him a Grammy Award (shared with Rahman) in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. Direction: After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne (1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan (1969). He then directed Parichay and Koshish. Parichay was based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra. He wrote story of Koshish based on the struggle faced by deaf-dumb couple. In 1973, he directed Achanak inspired by the 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra. Later he directed Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar. His next film Khushboo was based on Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay. His Mausam which won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film,Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations, was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. His 1982's film Angoor was based on Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors. In 1988, Gulzar directed an eponymous television serial Mirza Ghalib starring Naseeruddin Shah and broadcast on Doordarshan. Later he also directed Tahreer Munshi Premchand Ki. None of the Gulzar's film were very commercially successful. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India.Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy engages in terrorism to fight a bad situation only to realise its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it. Many of his popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), and "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat). Poetry: Gulzar primarily writes in Urdu and Punjabi; besides several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi and Marwari. His poetry is in Triveni type of stanza. His poems are published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar. His short stories are published in Raavi-paar (also known as Dustkhat in Pakistan) and Dhuan (smoke). For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, Gulzar wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan. Gulzar has written ghazals for Jagjit Singh's albums "Marasim" and "Koi Baat Chale". Other contributions: Gulzar has written lyrics and dialogues for several Doordarshan TV series including Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Hello Zindagi, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales. Academic: In April 2013, Gulzar was appointed as the chancellor of the Assam University. Personal life: Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar (Bosky); when their daughter was only one year old, they separated but never divorced. Meghna Gulzar grew up with her father and, after completing her graduation in films from New York University, went on to become a director of films like Filhaal, Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan, and authored the biography of her father Gulzar, in 2004. Awards and nominations: Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and 20 Filmfare Awards. At the 81st Academy Awards, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho" (shared with A.R.Rahman), for the film Slumdog Millionaire. On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. Gulzar has won the most Filmfare Awards for Best Lyricist (11 in total) as well as four Filmfare Awards for Best Dialogue. He was also awarded the 2012 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration. Gulzar received the 2013 Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest award of the Indian cinema, on 3 May 2014 at the 61st National Film Awards. Year Award Category Outcome Capacity Work Notes 1972 National Film Awards Best Screenplay Won Screenplay writer Koshish 1972 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Anand 1974 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Namak Haraam 1974 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Koshish Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love 1974 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Achanak Won by Yash Chopra for Daag: A Poem of Love 1974 Filmfare Awards Best Story Nominated Story writer Koshish Won by Salim-Javed for film Zanjeer 1975 National Film Awards Second Best Feature Film Won Director Mausam 1975 Filmfare Awards Critics Award for Best Movie Won Director Aandhi 1976 Filmfare Awards Best Director Won Director Mausam 1976 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Aandhi Won by Yash Chopra for Deewar 1976 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Tere Bina Zindagi Se" from film Aandhi Won by Indeevar for "Dil Aisa Kisi" from film Amanush 1977 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dil Dhoondta Hai" from film Mausam Won by Sahir Ludhianvi for "Kabhi Kabhie Mere Dil Mein" from film Kabhi Kabhie 1978 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Do Deewaane Shehar Mein" from film Gharaonda 1978 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Naam Gum Jaayega" from film Kinara Won by himself for "Do Deewaane Sheher Mein" from film Gharaonda 1978 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Kinara Won by Basu Chatterjee for Swami 1980 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Aanewala Pal Jaane Wala Hain" from film Gol Maal 1981 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Hazaar Raahen Mud Ke Dekhi" from film Thodisi Bewafaii 1982 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Jahaan Pe Savera" from film Baseraa Won by Anand Bakshi for "Tere Mere Beech Mein" from film Ek Duuje Ke Liye 1984 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Tujhse Naraaz Nahin Zindagi" from film Masoom 1988 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Lyricist "Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat 1989 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Mera Kuchh Saamaan" from film Ijaazat 1990 Filmfare Awards Best Documentary Won Director Ustad Amjad Ali Khan 1991 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Lyricist "Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin... 1992 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Yaara Silli Silli" from film Lekin... 1994 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dil Hum Hum" from film Rudaali Won by Sameer for "Ghungat Ke Aad Se" from Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke 1996 National Film Awards Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment Won Director Maachis 1996 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Maachis 1996 Filmfare Awards Best Story Won Story writer Maachis 1997 Filmfare Awards Best Director Nominated Director Maachis Won by Shekhar Kapoor for Bandit Queen 1997 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Chappa Chappa Charkha Chale" from film Maachis Won by Javed Akhtar for "Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai 1999 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se.. 1999 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Ae Ajnabi" from film Dil Se.. Won by himself for "Chaiyya Chaiyya" from film Dil Se.. 2001 Indian Institute of Adv. Studies Lifetime Honorary Fellowship Won - -- 2001 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Aaja Mahiya" from film Fiza Won by Javed Akhtar for "Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee 2002 Sahitya Akademi Award Won Writer "Dhuan" ("Smoke"); short stories in Urdu 2002 Filmfare Awards Lifetime Achievement Award Won - 2002 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Dialogue writer Saathiya 2003 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Saathiya" from film Saathiya 2004 Padma Bhushan Won - -- India's third highest civilian award 2004 Sahir Award Literary Award Won - -- presented by Adeeb International (Sahir Cultural Academy) 2006 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli 2006 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Chup Chup Ke" from film Bunty Aur Babli Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli 2006 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dheere Jalna" from film Paheli Won by himself for "Kajra Re" from film Bunty Aur Babli 2007 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Beedi" from film Omkara Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Chand Sifarish" from Fanaa 2008 Academy Awards Best Original Song Won Lyricist "Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman 2008 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Tere Bina" from film Guru Won by Prasoon Joshi for "Maa" from Taare Zameen Par 2009 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Tu Meri Dost Hai" from film Yuvvraaj Won by Javed Akhtar for "Jashn-E-Bahara" from Jodhaa Akbar 2010 Grammy Awards Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media Won Lyricist "Jai Ho" from film Slumdog Millionaire Shared with Music Director A. R. Rahman and Playback Singer Tanvi Shah 2010 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Dhan Te Nan" from film Kaminey Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal 2010 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Nominated Lyricist "Kaminey" from film Kaminey Won by Irshad Kamil for "Aaj Din Chadheya" from Love Aaj Kal 2011 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Dil To Bachcha Hain Ji" from film Ishqiya 2013 Filmfare Awards Best Lyricist Won Lyricist "Challa" from film Jab Tak Hai Jaan 2013 Dadasaheb Phalke Award N/A Won Poet, Lyricist and Film director N/A Highest award in Indian cinema Filmography: Year Title Lyricist Dialogue Screenplay Story Director Producer Notes Films 2014 Dedh Ishqiya Yes 2013 Shoebite Yes 2013 Ek Thi Daayan Yes 2013 Matru Ki Bijlee Ka Mandola Yes 2012 Kya Dilli Kya Lahore Yes 2012 Happi / SRK (Hindi dubbed version) Yes 2012 Do Paise Ki Dhoop, Chaar Aane Ki Baarish Yes 2012 Jab Tak Hai Jaan Yes 2011 Chala Mussaddi... Office Office Yes 2011 Teen Thay Bhai Yes 2011 Noukadubi / Kashmakash (Hindi dubbed version) Yes 2011 7 Khoon Maaf Yes 2010 Raavan Yes 2010 Striker Yes Lyricist for song "Yun Hua" 2010 Ishqiya Yes 2010 Veer Yes 2010 Raajneeti Yes Lyricist for song "Dhan Dhan Dharti" 2010 Dus Tola Yes 2009 Kaminey Yes 2009 Firaaq Yes 2009 Billu Yes 2008 Slumdog Millionaire Yes 2008 Yuvvraaj Yes 2007 Dum Kaata Yes 2007 No Smoking Yes Shafaq Yes 2007 Just Married Yes 2007 Jhoom Barabar Jhoom Yes 2007 Guru Yes 2007 The Blue Umbrella Yes 2007 Dus Kahaniyaan Yes Story Pooranmashi written by Gulzar 2006 Jaan-E-Mann Yes 2006 Sabab* Yes 2006 Omkara Yes 2005 Yahaan Yes 2005 Paheli Yes 2005 Bunty Aur Babli Yes 2004 Raincoat Yes 2004 Chupke Se Yes 2004 Maqbool Yes 2003 Pinjar Yes 2002 Saathiya Yes Yes 2002 Makdee Yes 2002 Dil Vil Pyar Vyar Yes 2002 Lal Salam Yes 2002 Leela Yes 2002 Filhaal... Yes 2001 Asoka Yes 2001 Aks Yes 2000 Fiza Yes 2000 Zindagi Zindabad Yes 1999 Khubsoorat Yes 1999 Hu Tu Tu Yes Yes Yes Yes 1999 Jahan Tum Le Chalo Yes 1999 Rockford Yes Lyricist for song "Aasmanke Paar Shayad" 1998 Dil Se.. Yes 1998 Satya Yes 1998 Chachi 420 Yes Yes 1997 Aastha: In the Prison of Spring Yes 1997 Daayraa Yes 1996 Maachis Yes Yes Yes 1994 Mammo Yes 1993 Rudaali Yes 1993 Maya Memsaab Yes 1990 Lekin... Yes Yes Yes 1988 Libaas Yes Yes 1987 Ijaazat Yes Yes Yes Yes 1986 Ek Pal Yes Yes Yes 1986 New Delhi Times Yes 1986 Jeeva Yes 1985 Ghulami Yes 1985 Ek Akar Yes Yes 1984 Aika Yes Yes 1984 Suniye Yes Yes 1984 Sitam Yes Tarang Yes 1983 Masoom Yes Yes 1983 Sadma Yes 1982 Angoor Yes Yes Yes Yes 1982 Namkeen Yes Yes Yes Yes 1981 Naram Garam Yes 1981 Baseraa Yes Yes Yes Yes 1981 Sannata Yes 1980 Sitara Yes 1980 Khubsoorat Yes 1980 Sahira Yes Yes 1980 Chatran Yes Yes Swayamvara Yes 1979 Griha Pravesh Yes Yes Yes 1979 Gol Maal Yes 1979 Meera Yes Yes Yes Yes 1978 Thodisi Bewafaii Yes Ratnadeep Yes 1978 Ghar Yes 1978 Devata Yes 1978 Khatta Meetha Yes 1977 Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein Yes Yes 1977 Gharaonda Yes 1977 Kinara Yes Yes Yes 1977 Kitaab Yes Yes Yes Yes 1976 Shaque Yes 1975 Aandhi Yes Yes Yes Yes 1975 Khushboo Yes Yes Yes 1975 Mausam Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1975 Chupke Chupke Yes Yes 1975 Faraar Yes 1974 Doosri Sita Yes 1973 Namak Haraam Yes Yes 1972 Achanak Yes Yes Yes 1972 Parichay Yes Yes Yes 1972 Koshish Yes Yes Yes 1972 Bawarchi Yes 1971 Anubhav Yes 1971 Guddi Yes Yes Yes Yes 1971 Mere Apne Yes Yes Yes 1971 Seema Yes 1971 Anand Yes Yes Yes 1969 Khamoshi Yes Yes Rahgir Yes 1968 Aashirwad Yes Yes 1968 Sunghursh Yes Do Dooni Chaar Yes Biwi Aur Makaan Yes Purnima Yes 1963 Bandini Yes Lyricist for "Mora Gora Aang" Prem Patra Yes 1957 Kabuliwala Yes Shriman Satyawadi Yes Swami Vivekananda Yes Other works 1989 The Jungle Book Yes Title track of the anime series 1987 Dil Padosi Hai Yes Music album with Asha Bhosle and Rahul Dev Burman Sunset Point Yes Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj, Bhupinder and K. S. Chithra Vadaa Yes Music album with Amjad Ali Khan, Sadhana Sargam & Roop Kumar Rathod Ishqa Ishqa Yes Music album with Vishal Bhardwaj Main Aur Mera Saaya Yes Music album with Bhupen Hazarika Udaas Pani Yes Music album with Abhishek Ray Visaal Yes Music album with Ghulam Ali Koi Baat Chale Yes Music album with Jagjit Singh; songs written in Triveni Marasim Yes Music album with Jagjit Singh Raat Chand Aur Main Yes Music album with Abhishek Ray Amrita Pritam Yes Recited in tribute to Amrita Pritam Kabir By Abida Parween Yes Recited Boodhe Pahadon Par Yes Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj Barse Barse Yes Music album with Suresh Wadkar & Vishal Bhardwaj; Lyricist for songs "Aisa To Hota" and "Zindagi Sehle". Bibliography: Dhuan. Sahitya Akademi Publications. 2001. ISBN 8126019360. , My Favourite Stories : Boskys Panchatantra. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129121182. , Half a Rupee Stories. Penguin. 2013. ISBN 9780143068792. , Meelo Se Din. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129120011. , Selected Poems. Penguin. 2012. ISBN 0143418211. , Kharashein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2003. ISBN 9788171198498. , Pukhraj. Rupa & Co. 2005. ISBN 8171672264. , Raavi Paar. Rupa & Co. 1999. ISBN 8171673899. , Raat Pashmine Ki. Rupa & Co. 2002. ISBN 8129102242. , Mirza Ghalib A Biographical Scenatio. Rupa & Co. 2011. ISBN 8129117177. , Autumn Moon. Rupa & Co. 2006. ISBN 8129109778. , Magical Wishes: The Adventures Of Goopy & Bagha. Scholastic. 2010. ISBN 8184778449. , Kuchh Aur Nazmein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2008. ISBN 8171198929. , Meera. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2004. ISBN 8171198813. , Audiobooks: Rangeela Geedhad. Karadi Tales. 2000. ISBN 8186838422. , Parwaaz. Karadi Tales. 2004. ISBN 8181900413. , Biographies: Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2012). In the Company of a Poet: Gulzar in Conversation with Nasreen Munni Kabir. Rainlight Rupa. ISBN 978-81-291-2083-0. , Chatterjee, Saibal (2007). Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-1235-4. , Gulzar, Meghna (2004). Because He Is... Rupa & Co. ISBN 81-291-0364-8. , Notes: Author Ganesh Anantharaman's book Bollywood Melodies is the winner of the Best Book on Cinema award at the 56th National Film Awards.

Source: Wikipedia

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