Not to be confused with Graduados (Chile) or The Graduates.
, From left to right: Victoria "Vicky" Lauria (Paola Barrientos), Guillermo "Willy" Almada (Juan Gil Navarro), Jimena Benitéz/Patricia Longo (Isabel Macedo), Pablo "Bon Jovi" Catáneo (Luciano Cáceres), María Laura "Loli" Falsini (Nancy Dupláa), Andrés "Andy" Goddzer (Daniel Hendler), Benjamín "Tuca" Pardo (Mex Urtizberea), Azul Vega (Dolores Fonzi), Verónica "Vero" Diorio (Julieta Ortega)
Endemol, Underground contenidos
Miguel Colom, Pablo Ambrosini
Theme music composer
Santiago Moreno Charpentier
Country of origin
No. of seasons
No. of episodes
March 12, 2012 (2012-03-12) - December 19, 2012 (2012-12-19)
Graduados (Spanish: The Graduates) is a 2012 Argentine telenovela aired by Telefe from March 12 to December 19. The story involves several former high-school students who graduated in 1989 and meet again twenty years later. The main character, Andrés Goddzer (Daniel Hendler), discovers that María Laura Falsini (Nancy Dupláa) was pregnant at the time and married Pablo Catáneo (Luciano Cáceres), who thought that he was the child's biological father. The show often involved the parental dispute, the love triangle between the main characters and 1980s nostalgia.
The series was written by Sebastián Ortega, and produced by Endemol and Underground contenidos. It included several cameos and guest appearances of Argentine Rock artists. Graduados was very successful, winning in the ratings race over the blockbuster Showmatch. It received the 2012 Golden Martín Fierro award, seven Martín Fierro awards and ten Tato Awards--including the Tato Award from program of the year 2012.
2.2.4 Holidays and observances,
5 Other media,
7 External links,
Several high-school students graduate in 1989. María Laura Falsini (Nancy Dupláa) was the girlfriend of Pablo Catáneo (Luciano Cáceres), the school bully. At a graduation party, María Laura sees Pablo having sex in the bathroom with another girl; maria leaves the party.. Andrés Goddzer (Daniel Hendler) helps María Laura to leave the school premises and they have sex at his car. María Laura gets pregnant, and her father Clemente Falsini (Juan Leyrado) orders her and Pablo to get married and raise the child, unaware of her sexual encounter with Andrés. Clemente is the owner of a successful dog food company called McCan. Pablo works at Clemente's firm and Andrés is a slacker without a stable job who is hired to take dogs for a ride. María Laura meets him by chance and hires him to deal with her family dog, remembering the 1989 event. A DNA test confirms that Martín, María Laura's son, was the biological son of Andrés and not Pablo. This relation is the basic plot of the series. Andrés tries to adjust to his newfound paternity, Pablo resents the advances of Andrés, Martín tries to stay on good terms with both of them, and María Laura begins a romance with Andrés. Furthermore, Pablo cheats on María Laura with Patricia Longo (Isabel Macedo), Clemente's secretary and wife. Patricia gets pregnant by Pablo but claims that Clemente is the father of her son.
The Goddzers are a Jewish family, with the parents Elías (Roberto Carnaghi) and Dana (Mirta Busnelli), and Andrés' sister Gabriela (Violeta Urtizberea). Gabriela works at McCan and has several ill-fated romances. Andrés maintains his friendship with two high school classmates, "Tuca" Pardo (Mex Urtizberea) and Verónica Diorio (Julieta Ortega), who runs a radio station that plays 1980s Argentine rock music. María Laura also keeps in touch with her high-school best friend, the psychiatrist Victoria Lauría (Paola Barrientos)--a bachelor who seeks a couple to have a surrogate son with. Guillermo Almada (Juan Gil Navarro)--another high school classmate--takes a job in McCan as well, and publicly announces his homosexuality during a graduates meeting. Clemente's secretary Patricia is, unknown to everybody else, another former classmate. She was obese at school but slimmed down with a special treatment, and changed her face and name.
The identity of Patricia--gradually revealed to the other characters--is revealed to Pablo during the series' finale. They stay together; Andrés and Maria Laura leave the city. Victoria has a son with Tuca, Elías and Dana organize a shop of knishes, Gabriela gets married to her neighbor Marito (Alan Sabbagh). The series ends with a general party hosted by the school for the 1989 graduates, similar to the graduation party of the first episode.
The series was written by Sebastian Ortega; it made frequent references to the 1980s. The main characters attended high school then; the series uses flashback sequences and nostalgia, and the characters use 1980s Argentine slang. The series uses 1980s music--in particular 1980s Argentine rock--and several Argentine musicians made cameo appearances. Graduados was part of a trend in 2012 Argentine television that focuses on nostalgia. According to Ximena Díaz Alarcón, director of "Trendsity", the 1980s nostalgia proved successful because the decade is distant enough to be idealized and close enough for many people to remember it. Psychologists Magalí Popiloff and Mariela Mociulsky said that the teenagers of the 1980s are now in their forties and may experience midlife crises, and many met old friends through online social networks.
For the most part, Graduados was a comedy, with scripts by Ernesto Korovsky, Silvina Frejdkes and Alejandro Quesada. It also included serious approaches to topics such as LGBT rights and school bullying; the series also used dramatic revelations. Adriana Schettini of the Clarín newspaper praised the smooth transition from dramatic to comedic scenes, the good acting and scripts, and its faithfulness to the series' character profiles.
Initially, the series would have starred Andy Kusnetzoff, and it would have been named "El paseaperros" (Spanish: The dog walker). The initial idea featured a dog-walker and his two friends, who were nostalgic about the 1980s. The cast was later expanded into a group of eight high school students who reunited. It would have been Kusnetzoff's first acting job, but he declined it because of his work at Radio Metro.Mike Amigorena received offers to be either the lead actor or the lead antagonist, but he declined both.Daniel Hendler--an actor who was largely unknown by the general public--was finally selected. Hendler was already part of the cast as the secondary character Tuca; which was played by Mex Urtizberea after Hendler's relocation. Andy Kusnetzoff made cameos in six episodes and later joined the cast as a regular character. The character Verónica Diorio was initially written for actress Verónica Lozano, who also left the project. Julieta Ortega, who was initially selected for the character Victoria Lauría, replaced Lozano and her character was played by theater actress Paola Barrientos.Érica Rivas and Ludovico Di Santo also refused roles in the series; their planned characters were taken by Nancy Dupláa and Marco Antonio Caponi respectively.
The actors helped in the design of their characters. Paola Barrientos' mother is a psychologist and influenced her character.Juan Leyrado played a grandfather for the first time in his career, which was not the common telenovela grandfather, commonly a minor secondary character. His character had a prominent role and his own story arcs within the plot. Leyrado said that despite being 60 years old, he was still active in his private life, and played the character guided by his own experiences.Chang Kim Sung--a Korean-Argentine--was proud that his character did not conform to common stereotypes of Asian people. He outlined the specific traits of his character and said that many scripts were influenced by improvisations of the actors.
Mex and Violeta Urtizberea are father and daughter actors; Violeta accepted the work without knowing that her father was also part of the cast. She tried to follow her own career and asked her father to keep his distance. Although they played characters of similar ages, they rarely had joint scenes. Julieta Ortega said that she has nothing in common with her character in the series.Juan Gil Navarro, who appeared in the television drama La Dueña at the same time, said that he does not normally appear in comedies and agreed to do so after his wife suggested it.
Isabel Macedo has played villains in several works, including Floricienta. She accepted a role in Graduados for the dichotomy of the Patricia/Jimena character because it was something she had not done before. Initially, the dichotomy was intended to last for ten episodes but Macedo insisted that the production maintained it until the end. She read about the experiences of victims of school bullying to inform her character and declined other works during the year to stay focused oh the series. She became emotionally attached to her character.
The cast announced the new production at a press conference at La City, a nightclub associated with the 1980s in Argentina. Luciano Cáceres and Julieta Ortega praised the quality of the production and were eager for the premiere. Isabel Macedo, Ortega, Nancy Dupláa and Juan Gil Navarro dismissed the influence of ratings in their jobs, preferring a good working environment.
The plot included a homosexual character, Guillermo Almada (Juan Gil Navarro) who revealed his sexuality in the early episodes. He received an important character development beyond stereotypes, which led to the character's same-sex marriage before the actor's departure. This event, with guest actors Evangelina Salazar and Luis Brandoni, was the first same-sex marriage in an Argentine fiction since the sanction of the same-sex marriage in Argentina, and reflects the growing acceptance of sexual freedom in Argentina. Another character, Patricia Longo (played by Isabel Macedo) was an obese girl who was a victim of school bullying. Macedo, a thin actress, used a lot of makeup to turn into an obese girl for the flashbacks. Initially, she was the villain of the telenovela; the bullying was the motivation for taking revenge on her former classmates. She had a strong character development during the year; the episode in which she reveals her true identity was critically acclaimed.
The high school years of the main characters are represented through flashbacks, which are used as a recurring plot element. Those scenes were not filmed with younger actors, but with the same actors characterized as teenagers. This choice, which was made for comedic effect, involved the work of costume designers and makeup artists. One episode includes a reenactment of the 1980s game show Feliz domingo para la juventud, with an appearance by the host Silvio Soldán. This episode also features a guest appearance of Andy Kusnetzoff, who later became part of the regular cast. To compete with the premiere of Sos mi hombre on a rival channel, and as a celebration for the 100th episode, the production made a flashback sequence set in Italpark--an Argentine theme park that closed in 1990. The games of the former park are currently kept at Luján so production moved to that city to shoot the Italpark scenes. The production was a success, and with 25,4 rating points it was the most watched television program of the day.
The production sent several actors to the city of San Carlos de Bariloche to film the graduation trip--an Argentine prom tradition among high school students. The guest actor Pablo Echarri played the trip's coach. The filming was accompanied with an internet competition that selected some fans to join the trip to Bariloche and work as extras. Another flashback featured the Pumper Nic fast-food restaurant and a guest appearance of actor Juan Pablo Varsky.
Other flashbacks did not focus on 1980s material or high school, but on special events of the characters' adolescences, such as the shotgun wedding of María Laura and Pablo. The 15th birthday of María Laura got 26,1 rating points.
The program made extensive use of 1980s music, usually 1980s Argentine rock. Many songs were used as diegetic music, for instance in Vero Diorio's amateur radio, in nightclubs or in the characters' conversations. Other songs were used as incidental music. The production invited several Argentine music artists of the 1980s to make cameos appearances. Charly García appears in the program and discusses the lyrics of the song "Inconciente colectivo" with the characters. (Spanish: Collective unconscious). Fito Páez appears in a flashback, meeting María Laura during a soundcheck and requesting her approval of his new song, "11 y 6". For this production Fito Páez assumed his look from the 1980s, which is slightly different from his modern one.
Musician Emanuel Ortega, brother of the show's producer Sebastián Ortega, made a cameo appearance as himself and as a patient of Victoria Lauría, Paola Barrientos' character. A similar plot was used by other guest stars who appeared as themselves, and the character was established as a psychologist of famous people. This was the case of guest stars Martín Palermo,Gastón Gaudio,Luciana Salazar and Guillermo Cóppola. All the artist members of the Ortega family made cameos at some point.
Bahiano, the former singer of Los Pericos, made a cameo during the spring day episode;, he played the song "El ritual de la banana" (Spanish: The ritual of the banana)--the band's first hit. Bahiano left the band in 2005 and did not maintain a good relationship with them. The band sent a cease and desist document to the production team and complained on Twitter about the episode. Bahiano dismissed them as jealous reactions.
Holidays and observances:
Most special holidays were referenced in the plot with an episode which was aired on the specific day, unless the holiday took place during a weekend. The spring day episode featured a flashback and the characters taking part in a modern spring day celebration, with the special cameo of Los Twist, who played their hit "El estudiante" (Spanish: The student). The scene was filmed in Tigre, and also included cameo appearances of Bahiano and Lalo Mir.
The Goddzers are a Jewish family and the plot referenced special Jewish days as well. On July 18, there was a mention of the 1994 AMIA bombing, when a terrorist attack destroyed the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association; the character Elías said that he would attend the annual protest about the case, which is still unresolved. All the minor Jewish characters, such as relatives and friends who appeared in previous episodes returned for the observation of the Rosh Hashanah--the Jewish new year celebration. The presence of a Jewish family and the number of Argentine and Latin American expatriates helped Graduados to achieve a high viewership in Israel.
The debut episode of Graduados was a success, and scored nearly 28 rating points. It kept its initial success, and the rival channel El Trece sought to compete with the blockbuster Showmatch. Initially, Showmatch aired an hour after Graduados but the Telefe comedy had a higher rating and the channel had a higher rating for the whole day. Showmatch was shown an hour earlier to compete directly with Graduados but the comedy maintained its leading position. Both channels dispute the prime time of Argentine television.Showmatch was again scheduled an hour later, and El Trece competed with a new fiction, Sos mi hombre. In the premiere, Graduados beat it by 26 rating points against 18.4; but the production of Sos mi hombre expected such results anyway.Graduados maintained its leading position for the duration of its run.
Nancy Dupláa attributes the success of Graduados to the cast and production, and said that the program has good characters and plots. Luciano Cáceres has similar opinions. Daniel Hendler agrees, and describes a special chemistry among the people working in the program. Although more reserved, Juan Gil Navarro agrees with them. Isabel Macedo wrote that the 1980s themes contributed to the show's success, both among adults and young people who may be interested in the period. Cáceres wrote that those themes generated a program that can be enjoyed by the whole family.
Graduados was a multi-targeted success; its audience was not limited to people in their forties as the 1980s nostalgia may suggest. The plots included characters and situations for all ages and the general tone was family-friendly. The program does not have style obsolescence, incorporating modern technologies into the plots and following modern narrative conventions. Mariela Mociulsky wrote that male characters show their emotions and female characters have greater autonomy in their live than those in 1980s works. According to Ximena Díaz Alarcón, all this made Graduados a program followed by all the family. This broke a common trend in television series; most are produced to targeta specific demographic rather than several at once.
The last episode of the series was broadcast live from the Gran Rex theater in a ceremony hosted by Marley and attended by many fans of the program. Only a small portion of fans could attend because the tickets were obtained through a raffle at Telefe's website. According to the Clarín newspaper, the fan frenzy directed towards the program and its actors was similar to Beatlemania. The cast, except for Ortega and Urtizberea--who were not in the country at that moment--attended the performance and saw the episode from a VIP room in the theater. The ceremony was attended by actors and musicians who had been invited to appear on the show as guests during the year; these included Pablo Ruiz--the singer of Vilma Palma e Vampiros, Sandra Mihanovich, Luciana Salazar, Luisa Albinoni and Max Berliner. The actors appeared on the stage at 23:53, after the episode's broadcast, to receive the praise of the public.
As of February 2013, Sebastian Ortega had the support of the cast to make a second season. The actors wanted to take a free year in 2013 and return in 2014. Nancy Dupláa mentioned in January 2013 that she needed to rest of all the work done in 2012. Telefe headed negotiations trying to produce the second season sooner.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_awards_and_nominations_received_by_Graduados
Graduados received the Tato Award for the television program of the year, on November 17, 2012. The series received 20 nominations in 12 awards; it won 10 of them, plus the program of the year award. Graduados had one nomination for the awards for daily fiction, production in fiction, actress in daily fiction (Nancy Dupláa), arts and image in fiction, and soundtrack; it won in all those categories. The shared nominations were new actor, actor in daily fiction, supporting actor in daily fiction, and supporting actress in daily fiction. The candidates for the new actor award from the Graduados cast were Mercedes Scapola, Gastón Soffritti and the winner Chang Kim Sung. Luciano Cáceres and Daniel Hendler were nominated for awards in the category actors in daily fiction, which Hendler won. Roberto Carnaghi, nominated alongside Juan Leyrado and Mex Urtizberea, was awarded as the best supporting actor in daily fiction. Similarly, Paola Barrientos received the award to best supporting actress in daily fiction; she was nominated alongside Isabel Macedo, Mirta Busnelli and Violeta Urtizberea. The two failed nominations were best director in fiction and scripts, both awarded to the telenovela El hombre de tu vida. Sebastian Ortega, the producer of Graduados, refused to attend the ceremony to avoid meeting Marcelo Tinelli, with whom he had ongoing disputes. With a total of 11 awards, Graduados was the most successful production in the ceremony, followed by El hombre de tu vida and La voz argentina, each of which won 4 awards.
The program received 14 nominations at the Martín Fierro Awards and won 8 awards, including the Golden Martín Fierro Award. The program received awards for best daily fiction, production, writers and opening theme; it was nominated for best direction but Juan José Campanella received the award for El hombre de tu vida. Daniel Hendler and Luciano Cáceres were nominated as best lead actors of daily fiction, which was given to Hendler. Paola Barrientos received the award for best secondary actress in daily fiction; Mirta Busnelli had also been nominated in that category. Isabel Macedo and Nancy Dupláa were nominated as best lead actress of daily fiction, but contrary to the cast's expectations the award was received by Macedo and not Dupláa. Chang Sung Kim, Jenny Williams (new actor), Andy Kusnetzoff, Betiana Blum (guest appearance), Mex Urtizberea and Roberto Carnaghi (secondary actor in daily fiction) were nominated but did not receive awards.
As of 2012, the use of hashtags in television was still a recent phenomenon in Argentina, and the interaction of programs with social networks was limited. Initially, Showmatch had a higher number of comments on Twitter (called "tweets") than Graduados, despite being second in the ratings. This tendency changed in time, and with an average of 244,540 tweets per episode, Graduados is the 2012 Argentine TV program with the highest number of comments on Tweeter. It is followed by Showmatch, with an average of 203,922 tweets per program. As of October 14, September 3 was the day with the highest number of tweets in a single episode, 47,357.
A report about the Tribatic Studio reported that Graduados was the Argentine television program most mentioned on Twitter, with the characters Vero Diorio, Dany Goddzer, Pablo Catáneo, Guillermo Almada, Tuca and Vicky Lauría being the most mentioned. The report also said the success of unofficial accounts created by fans, modeled after the characters (not the actors). @Jimena_Benitez_, the fake account of the Patricia Longo character had 12,765 followers. Similar accounts with high numbers of followers are those of Tuca, María Laura Falsini and Verónica Diorio, with 4,006, 3,181 and 2,331 followers respectively.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Graduados_characters
Andrés is the main character. He is a dog walker and a fan of 1980s Argentine rock music. Along with Tuca and Vero, he refuses to take a steady job and tries to keep the rebel ideas of his teenager years alive.
María Laura Falsini
Loli has sex with Andres during their graduation night in 1989. 18 years later, she realizes that Andrés and not Pablo is the biological father of Martín.
The school bully, he married his girlfriend Loli after the graduation when it was suspected that he made her pregnant.
Jimena Benítez / Patricia Longo
Once a fat girl who is bullied at school, she slimmed down and changed her name from Jimena Benitez to Patricia Longo
Vero is a tomboy who stayed with Andy and Tuca since high school. She has an amateur radio station that airs 1980s music.
Benjamín "Tuca" Pardo
Tuca is a millionaire who hosts parties and never takes things seriously.
Lauría is a psychologist and has been María Laura's best friend since high school.
The son of Loli, he discovered that his true father is Andy and not Pablo
Gabriela is Andrés' sister. Unlike him, she tries to attend university studies and have a job.
The owner of the McCan firm and father of Loli.
Dana Blatt de Goddzer
Dana is Andrés' mother.
Elías is Andrés' father. He owns a clothing shop.
Juan Gil Navarro
Guillermo is a homosexual man who reveals his sexuality during a reunion of former students.
Marco Antonio Caponi
Augusto is Pablo's brother, confident and ally.
The producers of Graduados released a compilation album of music used in the series. It features the theme song, composed by the band Tan Biónica, and famous songs of 1980s Argentine rock artists, which were frequently used as background music in the series. The artists selected for the compilation album are Soda Stereo, Los Fabulosos Cadillacs, Charly García, Sumo, Virus, Raúl Porchetto, Andrés Calamaro, Los Violadores, Suéter and Los Ratones Paranoicos. The first CD became a gold album, and led Telefe to associate with Sony Music Entertainment to release a second one, composed of soft songs by international artists. The artists selected for the second CD are Bonnie Tyler, Europe, Paul Young, Jimmy Harnen, Spandau Ballet, Dover, Martika, The Alan Parsons Project, Toto, The Bangles, Cyndi Lauper, Bad English, Air Supply and Billy Joel.
As the series drew to a close, Telefe considered making a theatrical adaption during the 2013 summer season similar to one made by Valientes in 2010. The project could not be achieved because the actors already had other projects. Telefe asked the series creator Sebastian Ortega to make a film instead. The negotiations were confirmed by the producer Pablo Culell, who said that although Underground produces television series, it is capable of producing theater plays and films.
The Chilean TV channel Chilevisión made a remake of the series, also named Graduados. It is the first remake produced by that channel, and starred Fernanda Urrejola, Marcial Tagle and Ricardo Fernández. It uses both Chilean music bands, such as Upa and Los Prisioneros, and Argentine bands successful in Chile, such as Soda Stereo, Charly García and Virus, in an approach similar to the Argentine series. The production tries to reflect the Chilean trends of the 1980s to achieve a similar, multi-targeted success. The Mexican channel TV Azteca also bought the rights for a local remake, which as of November 2013 is in production.