Gaspar Cassadó i Moreu (30 September 1897 - 24 December 1966) was a Spanish cellist and composer of the early 20th century. He was born in Barcelona to a church musician father and began taking cello lessons at age seven. When he was nine, he played in a recital where Pablo Casals was in the audience; Casals immediately offered to teach him. The city of Barcelona awarded him a scholarship so that he could study with Casals in Paris.
He was also the author of several notable musical hoaxes.
The personal papers of Cassadó family are preserved in the Biblioteca de Catalunya.
Cassadó's many transcriptions are listed below his original works.
Cello Concerto in D minor (1926),
This piece, like the Suite for Cello Solo, is influenced by Spanish and Oriental folk music, and Impressionism. Cassado studied composition with Maurice Ravel, and a Ravel-influenced "carnival music" appears in the second theme of the first movement. The second movement is a theme and variations which leads directly to a pentatonic Rondo.
Solo cello works:
Suite for Cello Solo,
The Suite, like the Cello Concerto and the Piano Trio, came from one Cassadó's most prolific periods, in the mid-1920s. It consists of three dance movements: Preludio-Fantasia (a Zarabanda); Sardana; and Intermezzo e Danza Finale (a Jota). The first movement includes quotations from Zoltán Kodály's Sonata for Cello Solo, Op. 8, and the famous flute solo from Maurice Ravel's ballet Daphnis et Chloé. The sardana of the second movement is a traditional dance from Catalonia.
Fugue in the Style of Handel,
Solo guitar works:
Canción de Leonardo,
Dos Cantos Populares Finlandeses (Two Finnish Folk Songs),
Préambulo y Sardana,
Works for cello and piano:
Allegretto Grazioso "After Schubert",
Danse du diable vert (Dance of the Green Devil) for violin or cello 1926,
La Pendule, la Fileuse et le Galant 1925,
Lamento de Boabdil 1931,
Minuetto "After Paderewski",
Pastorale "After Couperin",
Rapsodia del Sur,
Sonata in A minor 1925,
Sonata nello stile antico spagnuolo (Sonata in an "Old Spanish Style") 1925,
Toccata "After Frescobaldi" 1925,
Piano Trio in C major 1926/1929,
String Quartet No. 1 in F minor 1929,
String Quartet No. 2 in G major 1930,
String Quartet No. 3 in C minor 1933,
Cello Concerto in F major, based on C.P.E. Bach's Concerto No. 3 in A major, Wq.172,
Cello Concerto in D major, based on Mozart's Horn Concerto No. 3 in E flat major, K.447,
Cello Concerto in A minor, based on Schubert's Arpeggione Sonata, D.821,
Cello Concerto in E major, based on Tchaikovsky's Piano Pieces, Op. 72 (1940),
Cassadó transformed nine of Tchaikovsky's pieces into a concerto. He used No. 18 Scene dansante (Invitation au trepak), No. 3 Tendres Reproches and No. 14 Chant Elegiaque in the first movement; No. 5 Meditation and No. 8 Dialogue in the second and No. 4 Danse Caracteristique, No. 2 Berceuse, No. 17 Passe Lointain and No. 1 Impromptu in the third. This concerto was a favorite of Cassadó's. It was published in 1940 by Edition Schott No.3743.
Cello Concerto in D major, based on Weber's Clarinet Concerto No. 2 in E-flat major, Op.74,
Cello Concerto in E minor, based on Vivaldi's Cello Sonata No. 5, RV.40,
Guitar Concerto in E major, based on Boccherini's Concerto No. 2 in D major, G.479,
Cassadó completely rewrote the Concerto for his colleague Andrés Segovia. The transcription features a solo string quartet, and trumpet fanfares make it reminiscent of Rodrigo.
Transcriptions for solo cello:
J.S. Bach - Cello Suite No. 4, BWV 1010,
Cassadó transposed the suite to F major from its original key of E-flat major.
Frédéric Chopin - Étude, Op. 25, No. 1,
George Frideric Handel - The Harmonious Blacksmith (from the Harpsichord Suites Vol.1 No.5 "Air and Variations"),
Transcriptions for cello and piano:
Cadiz (Serenata española),
Malagueña, Op. 165, No. 3,
Martin Berteau - Studio,
Luigi Boccherini - Minuetto,
Alexander Borodin - Serenata all spagnola (from String Quartet B-La-F),
Jean-Baptiste Bréval - Sonata in G major (realization of figured bass),
Frédéric Chopin - Minute Waltz, Op. 64, No .1,
Constantino de Crescenzo - Prima Carezza,
Clair de lune,
Antonín Dvořák - Sonatina in G major, Op. 100 (Indian Lament),
Gabriel Fauré - Nocturne No. 4,
Enrique Granados - Intermezzo (from the opera Goyescas),
Ernesto Halffter - Canzone e Pastorella,
Blas de Laserna - Tonadilla,
Franz Liszt - Liebestraum (Notturno) No. 3,
Sonata No. 1 in C major,
Sonata No. 4 in A minor,
Federico Mompou - Chanson et Danse,
Federico Moreno Torroba - Fandanguillo,
Rondo alla turca (from Piano Sonata K.331),
Serenata de Don Giovanni Deh vieni alla finestra,
Sonata K. 358 (from Sonata for Piano Four Hands),
Georg Muffat - Arioso,
Ignacy Jan Paderewski - Minuet in G,
Manuel Ponce - Estrellita (Little Star),
David Popper - Elfentanz,
Johann Strauss II - An der schonen Blauen Donau