C+C Music Factory is an American dance and hip hop group formed in 1989 by David Cole and Robert Clivillés that stopped recording in 1996, following Cole's death. In 2010, C+C Music Factory reformed with Eric Kupper replacing Cole.
C+C Music Factory earned a total of 35 music industry awards worldwide, including five Billboard Awards, five American Music Awards, and two MTV Video Music Awards.
C+C Music Factory consisted primarily of the two record producers and songwriters Robert Clivillés and David Cole and vocalists who varied by the particular recording project.Eric Kupper replaced Cole (who died in 1995) in 2010.
Before forming C+C Music Factory Robert Clivillés and David Cole were active in the house-music groups 2 Puerto Ricans, a Blackman, and a Dominican and The 28th Street Crew in the late 1980s. In 1990 Clivillés and Cole released a single, featuring later C+C Music Factory rapper Freedom Williams, called "Get Dumb! (Free Your Body)" as The Crew.
Creation and success:
C+C Music Factory stands for The Clivillés + Cole Music Factory. In 1989 Clivillés and Cole hired the artists Zelma Davis (vocalist), Martha Wash (vocalist) and Freedom Williams (MC) to all the tracks for Gonna Make You Sweat, the group's first album. In 1990 it peaked at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 album chart, No. 11 on the R&B album chart, and went 5× platinum.
All four singles from their debut album reached No. 1 on Billboard's Dance/Club Play chart, and all four were also crossover Pop and R&B hits. The first single, "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)", reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and R&B Singles chart (and No. 3 in the UK). The fourth and final single from their debut album, "Just a Touch of Love", featured in the film Sister Act. The album contained two more Top 5 singles; "Here We Go (Let's Rock & Roll)" reached No. 3 on the Hot 100 (and No. 20 in the UK), and "Things That Make You Go Hmmm" (inspired by a phrase uttered periodically by late-night talk show host, Arsenio Hall) reached No. 4 (and No. 4 in the UK).
In 1992, they had another No. 1 Dance/Club play hit with the song "Keep It Comin' (Dance Till You Can't Dance No More)"; with emcee Q-Unique and lead and background vocalist Deborah Cooper that was recorded for the soundtrack and opening cheerleading routine from the 1992 film Buffy the Vampire Slayer (which would later be rewritten and expanded into the TV series).
Second and third album:
The duo's second album, Anything Goes! released in 1994, had two less successful singles, "Do You Wanna Get Funky" and "Take a Toke". Only the former reached the Hot 100, but both songs did achieve high critical acclaim in some circles. The album peaked at No. 106 on the Billboard 200, and No. 39 on the R&B album chart. This album mainly featured on vocals hip-hop outfit Trilogy and the returning Zelma Davis and Martha Wash. Freedom Williams was asked to return but declined this invitation.
David Cole died on January 24, 1995. It was at David Coles burial that Robert Clivillés was told that Columbia Records had dropped C+C Music Factory from the label.
An album was released in Europe in late 1995 by Robert Clivillés with the name C+C Music Factory, which spawned one more US No. 1 Dance/Club Play hit in "I'll Always Be Around". Neither the single nor the album featured former member David Cole. The album was released by MCA in 1995 in Europe, but it was not released in the US. "I'll Always Be Around" was released as a vinyl and CD promo and vinyl and CD single in the USA on MCA Records. This was the final studio album of new material to be released under the C+C Music Factory name. A 1996 promo maxi single "Don't Stop the Remix" was the last single released by the group (only in Japan).
In 2010 C+C Music Factory reformed with Eric Kupper stepping in to replace Cole. Their first soft release was the single "Live Your Life" as C+C Music Factory Presents Scarlett Santana in early 2010 on a Bill Coleman Remixxer compilation album. A new release single, "Rain" by Scarlett Santana featuring C+C Music Factory, was released in August 2011.
Releases under alternative names:
Further information: Clivillés and Cole § Discography
In 1991, as Clivillés + Cole, the duo released an LP-single A-side featuring a cover of U2's "Pride (In the Name of Love)", and has its B-side "Deeper Love", featuring vocals by Deborah Cooper (a long time Clivillés and Cole vocalist) and Paul Pesco. In 1992 as Clivillés + Cole an album was released called Greatest Remixes Vol. 1 featuring remixes of other artist songs by the duo.
In 1992, the duo assembled The S.O.U.L. S.Y.S.T.E.M.; only one song of this group was ever released. A special uptempo vocal club remix was released as a promo single by Arista Records.
Clivillés and Cole later released a new single under the moniker The 28th Street Crew called O in 1994. In 1994 Clivillés and Cole produced a song for El General, "Las Chicas", which borrowed heavily from the song "Boriqua Anthem" on the Anything Goes! album.
Since then, Robert Clivillés has produced on his own including the membership of the group MVP as well as one last album release in 1996 on Columbia under the moniker Robi Rob's Club World and various other releases under different names.
Although not a C+C Music Factory member since 1991, artist Freedom Williams still without permission occasionally performs under the banner C+C Music Factory; founder Clivillés has labeled this "the biggest insult in the world".
The visuals and production for C+C Music Factory's first videos helped to distinguish the group's first releases from previous mainstream dance hits like Technotronic's "Pump Up the Jam". Controversy erupted when it was discovered that in the video for the group's first single, "Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)", vocalist Zelma Davis was lip-syncing Martha Wash's vocals (leaving Wash invisible and uncredited in the song's video clip). Subsequently Wash sued the group and appeared on Joan Rivers' talk-show unannounced immediately after the Milli Vanilli lip-sync controversy erupted. As part of the controversy's fallout, the credits for the music video were amended to afford Martha Wash a separate credit for her vocals, and adding the phrase "as visualized by Zelma Davis." Speculation about bad blood between Wash and the group were laid to rest when Wash and Davis both appeared in the video of 1994's Hot Dance Music/Club Play No. 1 single "Do You Wanna Get Funky", on which they both shared lead vocals.
A video of "Just a Touch of Love" is featured at the beginning of VHS copies of the film Sister Act. The video consists of members of the band singing and dancing with nuns in the movie, edited together with scenes from the movie.
The house music cover and remix of U2's "Pride (In the Name of Love)" featured Deborah Cooper on lead vocals, with Robert and David singing background parts.