For the opera by Étienne Méhul, see Ariodant. George Frideric Handel Operas Almira (1705), Rodrigo (1707), Florindo (1708), Agrippina (1709), Rinaldo (1711) , Il pastor fido (1712), Silla (1713), Teseo (1713), Amadigi di Gaula (1715), Acis and Galatea (1718), Radamisto (1720), Muzio Scevola (1721), Floridante (1721), Ottone (1723), Flavio (1723), Giulio Cesare (1724), Tamerlano (1724), Rodelinda (1725), Scipione (1726), Alessandro (1726), Admeto (1727), Riccardo Primo (1727), Siroe (1728), Tolomeo (1728), Lotario (1729), Partenope (1730), Poro (1731), Ezio (1732), Sosarme (1732), Orlando (1733), Arianna in Creta (1734), Parnasso in festa (1734), Oreste (1734), Ariodante (1735), Alcina (1735), Atalanta (1736), Arminio (1737), Giustino (1737), Berenice (1737), Faramondo (1738), Alessandro Severo (1738), Serse (1738), Giove in Argo (1739), Imeneo (1740), Deidamia (1741), Semele (1744), Alceste (1750), List of operas, Oratorios Il trionfo del tempo e del disinganno (1707), La resurrezione (1708), Brockes Passion (1715), Esther (1718), Deborah (1733), Athalia (1733), Alexander's Feast (1736), Il trionfo del tempo e della verità (1737), Saul (1738), Israel in Egypt (1738), L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato (1740), Messiah (1741), Samson (1741), Semele (1743), Joseph and his Brethren (1743), Hercules (1744), Belshazzar (1744), Occasional Oratorio (1746), Judas Maccabaeus (1746), Joshua (1747), Alexander Balus (1747), Susanna (1748), Solomon (1748), Theodora (1749), The Choice of Hercules (1750), Jephtha (1752), The Triumph of Time and Truth (1757), Cantatas (partial list) Tra le fiamme (Il consiglio) (1707), Un' alma innamorata (1707), Ero e Leandro (1707), Clori, Tirsi e Fileno (1707), O lucenti, o sereni occhi (1707), Aure soavi e lieti (1707), Allor ch'io dissi addio (1707-08), Del bell'idolo mio (1707-09), Aci, Galatea e Polifemo (1708), Dalla guerra amorosa (1709), Apollo e Dafne (1710), Ode for the Birthday of Queen Anne (1713), Ode for St. Cecilia's Day (1739), Wikipedia Book v, t, e, Ariodante (HWV 33) is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel. The anonymous Italian libretto was based on a work by Antonio Salvi, which in turn was adapted from Canti 5 and 6 of Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando Furioso. Each act contains opportunities for dance, originally composed for dancer Marie Sallé and her company. The opera was first performed in the Covent Garden Theatre, London, on 8 January 1735. Ariodante opened Handel's first season at Covent Garden and successfully competed against the rival Opera of the Nobility, supported by the Prince of Wales. Handel had the tacit and financial support of the King and Queen and, more vocally, of the Princess Royal. The opera received 11 performances during its premiere season at Covent Garden. Like Handel's other works in the opera seria genre, Ariodante, despite its initial success, fell into oblivion for more than two hundred years. An edition of the score was published in the early 1960s, from the Hallische Händel-Ausgabe. In the 1970s, the work began to be revived, and has come to be considered one of Handel's finest operas. On March 29, 1971 the Handel Society of New York performed the American premiere of the work in a concert version with mezzo-soprano Sophia Steffan in the title role and Judith Raskin as Ginevra. Charles Cudworth has discussed the influence of French dance music in the opera.Winton Dean has noted that act 2 of the opera, in its original version, is the only act in a Handel opera which ends with accompanied recitative. Roles: Role Voice type Premiere cast, 8 January 1735, (Conductor: - ) Ariodante, a vassal prince mezzo-soprano castrato Giovanni Carestini Ginevra, daughter of the King of Scotland, betrothed to Ariodante soprano Anna Maria Strada del Pò Dalinda, attendant on Ginevra, secretly in love with Polinesso soprano Cecilia Young Polinesso, Duke of Albany contralto Maria Caterina Negri Lurcanio, Ariodante's brother tenor John Beard King of Scotland bass Gustavus Waltz Odoardo, favorite of the king tenor Michael Stoppelaer Synopsis: Ginevra, daughter of the King of Scotland, is betrothed to Ariodante. Polinesso, a jealous rival of Ariodante, wins the confidence of Ginevra's friend Dalinda. With Dalinda's unwitting help, Polinesso tricks Ariodante into thinking that Ginevra is his (Polinesso's) lover. The King, hearing of Ginevra's alleged infidelity, disowns her, while Ariodante is reported dead by suicide. Polinesso then sends his agents to kill Dalinda, as the only witness to his plot. But Ariodante (whose suicide attempt was foiled), having met Dalinda while wandering in the woods, drives off the would-be assassins. Polinesso, seeking to win the King's favour, now offers to defend the honour of Ginevra in a tournament. In the combat, he is mortally wounded by Ariodante's vengeful brother Lurcanio. Ariodante, having learned about Polinesso's plot from Dalinda, now appears and offers himself as Ginevra's champion. The dying Polinesso confesses his guilt and Ginevra is pardoned by the King. Noted arias: No. 1: "Vezzi, lusinghe, e brio" - arioso, Ginevra, act 1, scene 1, No. 4: "Coperta la frode" - aria, Polinesso, act 1, scene 4, No. 6: "Prendi da questa mano" - duet, Ginevra, Ariodante, act 2, scene 5, No. 9: "Con l'ali di costanza" - aria, Ariodante, act 1, scene 8, No. 11: "Del mio sol vezzosi rai" - aria, Lurcanio, act 1, scene 10, No. 23: "Scherza infida" - aria, Ariodante, act 2, scene 2, No. 24: "Se tanto piace al cor" - aria, Dalinda, act 2, scene 3, No. 28: "Il tuo sangue, ed il tuo zelo" - aria, Lurcanio, act 2, scene 7, No. 30: "Il mio crudel martoro" - aria, Ginevra, act 2, scene 9, No. 47: "Dopo notte" - aria, Ariodante, act 3, scene 8, No. 51: "Bramo aver mille vite" - duet, Ginevra, Ariodante, act 3, scene 11, Recordings: Philips 6769 025: Janet Baker, Edith Mathis, Norma Burrowes, Samuel Ramey, David Rendall, James Bowman, Alexander Oliver; London Voices; English Chamber Orchestra; Raymond Leppard, conductor, Harmonia Mundi HMU 907146.48: Lorraine Hunt, Juliana Gondek, Lisa Saffer, Jennifer Lane, Rufus Müller, Nicolas Cavallier, Jörn Lindemann; Wilhelmshaven Vocal Ensemble; Freiburg Baroque Orchestra; Nicholas McGegan, conductor, recorded on June 7-11, 1995, released in March 1996, Archiv 457 271-2: Anne Sofie von Otter, Lynne Dawson, Veronica Cangemi, Ewa Podleś, Richard Croft, Denis Sedov, Luc Coadou; Chorus of Les Musiciens du Louvre; Les Musiciens du Louvre; Marc Minkowski, conductor (live recording, 1997), Dynamic Cat.33559,Live video recording on DVD, 2007 - Teatro Caio Melisso, Spoleto - Alan Curtis (conductor) - Il Complesso Barocco - John Pascoe (Stage director), Cast: Ann Hallenberg, Laura Cherici, Marta Vandoni Iorio, Mary-Ellen Nesi, Carlo Lepore, Zachary Stains, Virgin Classics 50999 07084423: Joyce DiDonato, Karina Gauvin, Sabina Puertolas, Marie-Nicole Lemieux, Topi Lehtipuu, Matthew Brook, Anicio Zorzi Giustianini, Il Complesso Barocco, Alan Curtis, conductor (recorded January 2010, released 2011)

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