DMX, Prolific Ruff Ryders Rapper, Has Died At 50

The legendary lyricist defined hip-hop through the '90s and early aughts

Earl Simmons, the prolific rapper who came up in the ’90s with a growling vocal style and ruled early aughts hip-hop as Dark Man X, or DMX, died on Friday (April 9). He was 50 years old.

DMX died after experiencing cardiac arrest, multiple sources have reported. He was taken to a hospital in White Plains, New York, where he was in critical condition and on life support for a week. His death was confirmed by his family on Friday.

His family said in a statement, per XXL: "We are deeply saddened to announce today that our loved one, DMX, birth name of Earl Simmons, passed away at 50 years old at White Plains Hospital with his family by his side after being placed on life support for the past few days. Earl was a warrior who fought till the very end. He loved his family with all of his heart and we cherish the times we spent with him."

DMX’s life and career represent a pivotal moment in hip-hop, and music at large, even as he faced personal adversities. Born in Mount Vernon, New York, on December 18, 1970, he was raised in Yonkers. He began rapping as a teen, and named himself DMX for his beatboxing skills, after the Oberheim DMX drum machine. Even with his struggles of growing up in an abusive household and dropping out of school in the fifth grade, his talents laid the foundation for his entrance into the music industry. In 1984, he began performing as a beatboxer with the rapper Ready Ron.

“I used to beatbox, a long time ago, like right when I started writing. And the DMX is a beat machine,” he told MTV News in 1998. “So, when I started rhyming, though, I just kept the name.”

DMX was signed to Columbia Records’ subsidiary label Ruffhouse Records in 1992 and released his debut single “Born Loser.” His first major-label single “Get at Me Dog” came in February 1998 and was certified gold. He released the album It’s Dark and Hell Is Hot later that year, debuting at No. 1 on Billboard 200 chart. His next four albums, including his bestselling … And Then There Was X in 1999, each debuted at No. 1 on the Billboard 200 chart, a record for rappers to this day. Across his discography, he received a total of five nods from the MTV Video Music Awards and three from the Grammys.

DMX’s star continued to rise as he graced the silver screen in movies like Romeo Must Die and Belly; he earned an MTV Movie Award nomination for his breakthrough performance in Exit Wounds and even landed his own BET reality series DMX: Soul of a Man in 2006. But in the background, DMX lived with an addiction that began as a teenager. In a 2013 interview, he said that, “It was something that drew me in, and trapped me, and just had a hold on me for a long, long time.” But the disease did not define him; he used his platform to speak out on his genre’s glorification of substance use.

In spite of that, DMX was primed to make his return to the stage. He began releasing music again in recent years, including the 2017 Swizz Beatz collaboration “Bain Iz Back.” His return to Def Jam was announced in September 2019, and he had been hard at work on the follow-up to 2012’s Undisputed. In July 2020, he faced off against Snoop Dogg in a Verzuz battle.

At times throughout his decades-long career, DMX’s struggles nearly clouded the music, but his work to overcome those hardships is what gave his sound its mettle. It could be heard in the steely rawness of “Ruff Ryders' Anthem,” the gritty delivery of “Party Up (Up in Here),” and the intuitive lyricism of “Dogs Out.” He told MTV News about the latter in 2021: “I always try to include a double-meaning. I know it’s poetry because the more you listen to it, the more you get out of it.”

The same could be said of DMX’s life, a story of hard-won success that came to infuse and topple the 2000s airwaves. He sang for the underdog, as he explained to New York Daily News in 2001: “I speak for those with no voice... I speak for myself first, but if I speak for myself wholeheartedly, I will speak for them unconditionally.” The title of his final album is apt — truly, DMX’s contributions to the industry and hip-hop history are impossible to dispute.

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