Frank Black was born Charles Michael Kitteridge IV on April 4, 1965, in Long Beach, Calif.
The Pixies' seeds were sown in Boston in 1986 by Black, who began using the name Black Francis, and his
roommate, Joey Santiago. Black was studying anthropology at the University of Massachusetts but loved
music and convinced Santiago to be in a band with him.
Kim Deal, who would later play in the folk/garage-rock group the Breeders, became their bassist, and got David Lovering hired as drummer.
The Pixies made The Purple Tape, which circulated in the indie
community in 1987. England's 4AD Records signed the Pixies and issued
some of the tape's songs as the Come on Pilgrim EP. Surfer
Rosa (1988), the band's first LP, featured abrasive guitars, melodic hooks and cryptic words. The album was well-received in the U.K. and became a U.S. college radio favorite.
Elektra Records soon scooped up the Pixies for 1989's critically acclaimed Doolittle. The LP included two top-10 rock hits, "Monkey Gone to Heaven" (RealAudio excerpt) and "Here Comes Your Man." The Pixies' accompanying tour made them famous for Francis' notoriously stiff performance manner and Deal's earthy humor. In 1990, the Pixies issued Bossanova. After Trompe Le Monde (1991), Black announced on the BBC that the Pixies were finished before he told his bandmates.
Black went solo with an eponymous 1993 debut and the following year's
Teenager of the Year. With the Catholics, he issued Frank Black And The Catholics in 1998. Last year, the Catholics released Pistolero, featuring "Bad Harmony," behind which they toured the U.S. this year.
Other birthdays Tuesday: Clive Davis, 68; Christopher Franke (Tangerine Dream), 58; Peter Haycock (Climax Blues Band, ELO), 48;
Dave Hill (Slade), 48; Gary Moore (Thin Lizzy), 46; Craig Adams (Cult, Sisters of Mercy), 38; Dave Gavurin (
COLOR="#003163">Sundays COLOR="#003163">Mike Starr COLOR="#003163">Alice in Chains COLOR="#003163">Berry Oakley COLOR="#003163">Allman Brothers Band
COLOR="#003163">Alice in Chains), 34;
COLOR="#003163">Allman Brothers Band), 19481972;
and Muddy Waters,