by Katie Kausch
This year's Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. The Quartet was instrumental in creating a democratic government in Tunisia, which had previously been under a dictatorship. The Nobel Prize committee said in a press release the group had a "decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011."
This revolution began when an unemployed 26-year-old set himself on fire to protest government corruption.
The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is made up of the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicraft, the Tunisian Human Rights League and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers.
The BBC reports, "Tunisia's uprising was the first and most successful of the Arab Spring. While other countries -- Libya, Egypt, Yemen and Syria -- either reverted to authoritarian rule or descended into violence and chaos, only Tunisia has managed a successful transition to democracy." The Quartet "has played a key role in mediating between the different parties in the country's post-Arab Spring government."
Other potential candidates for the prize had included Chancellor Angelia Merkel of Germany, Pope Francis and Edward Snowden.