Rewind: When It Comes To Film Titles, What’s In A Number?

'The Number 23,' '300' join masterpieces like '8 1/2,' clunkers like '187.'

Over the next few weeks, both “The Number 23″ and “300″ are coming to theaters, giving numerologists reason to get out of the house and figure out how the price of a bag of popcorn and some Goobers adds up to a code that foretells the End of Times.

But you may be asking yourself, “300″ what? Even seeing the movie’s trailer doesn’t fully explain that the title refers to the number of Spartans who fought against King Xerxes’ massive Persian army in the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 B.C. (see “Most Badass Epic Battle Now On Film In Frank Miller’s ’300′ “ )

Believe it or not, devising a good name for a movie can be one of the trickier aspects of filmmaking. A writer who comes up with a clever but perhaps specious title for a screenplay may find himself at odds with a studio that wants an easily marketable tag. At the same time, the studios like movies with titles vague enough not to chase anyone away (see “Rewind: ‘The Cave’ Has Us Asking — Cinematically, What’s In A Name?” ). And few titles create more mystery than a simple number.

Federico Fellini’s 1963 masterpiece “8 1/2″ may be the quintessential numbered film, the ambiguity of the title matching the dreamy quality of this depiction of the creative process. While never stated in the movie, the title is a reference to the number of films the famed Italian director had made up to that point: seven features (including “8 1/2″), two shorts and one collaboration. The iconic film has inspired dozens of films and even a few titles, including Peter Greenaway’s “8 1/2 Women” (1999) and the Broadway musical “Nine.” Terry Gilliam’s “Brazil” (1985) was at one point going to be called “1984 1/2″ in a simultaneous nod to Fellini and George Orwell. In Terry Zwigoff’s “Ghost World” (2001), a film-illiterate video-store clerk confuses Fellini’s classic with the Mickey Rourke S&M flick “9 1/2 Weeks,” telling a customer it’s located in the “erotic drama” section, much to the cineast’s disgust.

In 1979, Blake Edwards’ sex farce “10″ made Bo Derek a star, cornrows a popular hairstyle and Ravel’s “Bolero” a big seller at the record stores (remember those?). Dudley Moore plays George, a songwriter whose midlife crisis is exacerbated by a chance encounter with Jenny (Derek), an impossibly beautiful young woman about to be married. George becomes obsessed with this perfect 10 to a point that would be criminal in real life but is hilarious onscreen. Coincidentally, “10″ represents the approximate number of minutes Derek was taken seriously as an actress after this film.

The problem with a numbered title is that if the film is a clunker, it’s even easier to forget. Take “187″ (or “One Eight Seven,” as it’s sometimes known). Samuel L. Jackson stars in this 1997 entrant in the violent-inner-city-school genre as a teacher who gets nailed (literally) with a homemade weapon by a student in his Brooklyn school. Upon recovery, the teacher relocates to Los Angeles (why not Maine?). Things go from bad to worse, and the movie has an ending that’s hardly an example of the uplifting affirmation in which these films usually traffic. (Hint: 187 is California penal code for homicide.)

Perhaps partly due to its title, “187″ is a footnote in the actor’s career, unlike another box-office dud that almost had the partially numerical title “Pacific Air Flight 121.” Instead, nobody’s going to forget the title of that movie Jackson did last year in which he battled all those snakes on a plane.

What about when a number is represented by a symbol? Darren Aronofsky’s “Π” (1998) was a befuddling addition to a movie marquee for anyone who didn’t take geometry and learn about the irrational real number (pronounced “pi”) representing the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. The film is as challenging as AP physics, a psychological thriller about a mathematician who sees numbers in everything and grows increasingly paranoid as he gets closer to unlocking the secrets of the universe. But the movie could’ve been an even tougher sell if Aronofsky had chosen to use a numerical description of Π and called the movie “3.14159 26535 89793 23846 26433 83279 50288 41971 69399 37510.”

Perhaps no numbered film got more play than David Fincher’s 1995 serial-killer thriller “Seven,” the movie that put Gwyneth Paltrow’s severed head in a box. The number refers to the so-called deadly sins (gluttony, greed, sloth, lust, pride, envy and wrath) that serve as inspiration to the murderous John Doe (a perfectly creepy Kevin Spacey). And while the movie’s groundbreaking main titles and visceral production design influenced a legion of nihilistic imitators, so, unfortunately, did the confusing spelling of the title (it was alternately known as “Se7en” — just how the heck is this movie pronounced, anyway? Is it “Seh-seven-en”?) How about “Thir13en Ghosts” (2001)? Maybe pronunciation problems were partially to blame for the amazing box-office failure of the Fox Faith thriller “Thr3e.” Or maybe it was just because that movie was very bad.

The numerical list of numerical movies goes on, of course. There’s “One, Two, Three,” Billy Wilder’s 1961 Cold War comedy about a Coca-Cola executive who brings cultural imperialism to West Berlin. Catherine Hardwicke’s “Thirteen” (2003) is a brutal portrait of teenage rebellion (and far less chipper than 2004′s “13 Going on 30″). Steven Spielberg’s 1979 WWII turkey “1941″ brings up the issue of numerical films that are dates, including “2001: A Space Odyssey,” “1776,” “1984,” “1492″ and our favorite, 1966′s “One Million Years B.C.” (starring a fur-bikinied Raquel Welch). “11:14″ (2003) refers to the time of a car crash that affects the film’s characters. And Jet Li kicked his own alternate-universe butt in 2001′s “The One.”

OK, we’re starting to veer off course by including movies with articles, gerunds and conjunctions in the titles, so we’d better quit while we’re ahead. Next week we’ll discuss every single movie that has a color in its title. L8r. 10-4. -30-

Check out everything we’ve got on “The Number 23″ and “300.”

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