Rewind: Body Modification In Hollywood Not Always Surgical

Some actors get into a role by changing their clothing size.

How far will an actor go for a role?

If you've seen the trailer for the new Brad Anderson film "The Machinist," you probably had the same reaction we did: "Holy #@&%, what happened to Christian Bale?" Well, that's no special effect.

To play the role of Trevor Reznik, whose yearlong bout of insomnia has ravaged his mind and body, Bale lost more than 60 pounds, physically transforming himself into what the script described as "a walking skeleton." The man who would be Batman (see "Holy Psycho Killers! Christian Bale Cast As Batman") dropped to 120 pounds, instilling a sense of guilt in the filmmakers that was mitigated by how amazing their lead fit the bill. It's Method acting taken to the extreme.

The precedent of actors undergoing extreme physical transformation (as opposed to merely utilizing makeup, wardrobe and effects) for a role was set by Robert De Niro in 1980's "Raging Bull." To portray boxer Jake La Motta well past his prime, De Niro gained the same amount of weight that Bale lost (in what was no doubt a more pleasant regimen). Prior to "Raging Bull," actors who had to play heavy would use padding, but De Niro needed to bare his flesh as well as his soul. The actor would plump up again seven years later to play Al Capone in "The Untouchables."

Scarfing carbs to pack on the pounds has since become de rigueur for serious actors. Vincent D'Onofrio gained 70 pounds to play Leonard "Private Pyle" Lawrence in 1987's "Full Metal Jacket." Val Kilmer broke on through to another size to play Jim Morrison in 1991's "The Doors." Sly Stallone no doubt had Rocky's trainer, Mick, rolling in his grave when he added 40 pounds for 1997's "Cop Land." Benicio del Toro packed on 40 as Dr. Gonzo in 1998's "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas." Ed Harris had a pot belly installed for 2000's "Pollock" and still managed to woo Jennifer Connelly (ah, the power of art). Renée Zellweger added 30 pounds to her wee frame in 2001 for "Bridget Jones's Diary." And more recently, Dustin Hoffman has pledged to gain all the weight it takes to play Liberace (how far he's willing to go in other areas remains to be seen).

Tom Hanks both gained (50 pounds!) and lost a lot of weight to play pre- and post-desert-island-dwelling Chuck Noland in the 2000 FedEx infomercial "Cast Away." Hanks also lost weight to play AIDS patient Andrew Beckett in 1993's "Philadelphia." That far more difficult task of slimming down for a role hasn't gotten as much press mostly because Hollywood is already obsessed with being, uh, slender. It usually takes a film set in a concentration camp to incur the kind of extreme weight loss that helped win Adrien Brody an Oscar for his role in "The Pianist."

Getting skinny is one thing, but crafting washboard abs and bulging biceps is another task altogether. Whether it's done to play an athlete, action hero, Marine or stripper, many actors have spent intensive time in the gym with a personal trainer. But it's not as if having to get into superheroic shape for a role is any great sacrifice. After all, they're being paid handsomely to get into the best shape of their lives. Most of us would probably not balk at the offer of millions of dollars to look like an underwear model.

The late Christopher Reeve beefed up to play Superman, and Tobey Maguire proved he could pass for "Spider-Man" (presumably Tim Burton told Michael Keaton it didn't matter what kind of shape he was in to be Batman). Sigourney Weaver became increasingly buff in each "Alien" sequel (and don't forget her shaved head for the third one). Will Smith trained to look like Muhammad Ali. Demi Moore worked out for the one-two punches of "Striptease" in 1996 and "G.I. Jane" the following year. Which role — stripper or Navy SEAL — required the better body we leave for you to decide.

Sometimes, though, an actor can spend too much time in the gym. Angela Bassett became obsessed with getting into shape to play Tina Turner in the 1993 biopic "What's Love Got to Do With It," but she went a little too far. Her cut musculature was mostly distracting, causing us to wonder if maybe Bassett confused Tina Turner the R&B legend for Tina Turner the middleweight boxing champion.

Mariel Hemingway likewise trained furiously in 1982 to play an Olympic runner in "Personal Best," but then one-upped herself the following year. Realizing that no amount of working out would give her certain attributes she needed to play doomed Playboy Playmate Dorothy Stratten in "Star 80," Hemingway got breast implants to make her nude scenes more realistic.

Along with playing the mentally challenged or historical figures, camouflaging one's beauty can be the fast track to Oscarville. Hilary Swank cut her hair, strapped down her breasts and did her best to pass for a man in the tragic 1999 film "Boys Don't Cry," for which she won the Best Actress statue. Halle Berry didn't really alter herself for 2001's "Monster's Ball," but so much acclaim (and the first Best Actress Oscar awarded a black woman) was centered around her anti-glamorous turn that you'd have thought she did a "Face/Off" with Donald Rumsfeld.

But the Ultimate Uglification Award (not yet an actual Oscar, but give it time) went to Charlize Theron for her Academy Award-winning turn as serial killer Aileen Wuornos in 2003's "Monster." Aside from makeup and dental appliances, the South African beauty queen gained 30 pounds and had her eyebrows plucked, making herself practically unrecognizable. By comparison, co-star Christina Ricci's 10-pound weight gain went largely unnoticed.

While many critics lauded both Jack Nicholson's and Kathy Bates' willingness to lay their aging booties bare (literally) in 2002's "About Schmidt," we're not so sure they actually had to go to great lengths to achieve those unflattering physiques. Did Jeff Bridges have to eat a whole lot of Snickers to fill out the part of "The Big Lebowski," or was he there already? These days there seems to be a career point where middle-aged actors decide to give up leading man status in favor of more character-driven (read: physically unflattering) parts. Still, the fact that these thespians are able to put aside any and all vanity makes them rarities in their field.

There are the actors — or maybe "stars" is the more accurate term — whose vanity is so large that they refuse to alter their appearance even superficially in aid of a role. Cesar Romero's legendary refusal to shave his mustache for the '60s "Batman" TV show led to a Joker with makeup unconvincingly smeared over his hairy upper lip.

Still, tales of "star doesn't want to look bad" aren't exactly ink-worthy, let alone something a publicist wants to stick in a press kit. But risking one's health for a role is considered a laudatory career move, even noble in some circles. So, that being the case, couldn't one argue that there's as much narcissism in an actor making him or herself look bad as look good? Hmmm ... maybe this explains all that plastic surgery!

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