For Chinese silver ingots, known as yambu, see Sycee.
Yanbu' Al Bahr
NASA photograph of Yanbu' al Bahr
Yanbu' Al Bahr
Coordinates: 24°05′N 38°0′E / 24.083°N 38.000°E / 24.083; 38.000Coordinates: 24°05′N 38°0′E / 24.083°N 38.000°E / 24.083; 38.000
Yanbu Al Bahr
• Provincial Governor
Abdulaziz Bin Majid
Yanbu Municipality estimate
Yanbu' al Bahr (Arabic: ينبع البحر, Yanbuʿ al-Baḥr, "spring by the sea"), also known simply as Yanbu, Yambo or Yenbo, is a major Red Sea port in the Al Madinah province of western Saudi Arabia. It is approximately 300 kilometers north-west of Jeddah (at 24°05′N 38°00′E / 24.083°N 38.000°E / 24.083; 38.000). The population is 188,430 (2004 census). A large number of the residents are foreign expatriates working in the oil refineries and petrochemical industry, mostly from Asia, but there are also large numbers from the Middle East and Europe.
2.1 Yanbu Al-Balad,
2.2 Yanbu Al-Nakhal,
2.3 Yanbu Al-Sina'iya,
5.3 Naval Base,
6 See also,
8 External links,
Yanbu's history dates back at least 2500 years, when it was a staging point on the spice and incense route from Yemen to Egypt and the Mediterranean region. Yanbu served as a supply and operational base for Arab and British forces fighting the Ottoman Empire during World War I.
It remained a small port town until 1975, when the Saudi government designated it as one of the country's two new industrial centres (the other being Al Jubayl on the Persian Gulf.) Extensive government and private development have taken place at the port and surrounding area, which is based on the petrochemical industry.
The city is divided into three primary sections, about 15 minutes drive by car away from each other. Yanbu is the second largest city by the Red Sea, after Jeddah.
Yanbu Al-Balad is the most northern part of Yanbu City. The Downtown (often also called Al-Balad) area has most of the population. Most of the restaurants here cater to the various ethnic groups in the area, although some also cater to residents in the Royal Commission. The area contains a few international chain restaurants, as well as some coffee shops. Parts of the city, particularly on the edge of the city, are starting to modernize, as new shopping centers, as well a new shopping mall, have been built. The area as a whole, however, has a rather old, worn out feel to it.
The Holiday Inn Hotel is located on the edges of this area, as is Yanbu Airport.
Currently, the government is attempting to improve the old and historical part in Yanbu downtown, as many historical buildings are located there. Many, unfortunately, are in a serious state of disrepair.
(The Palms) is a separate small town, some 47 kilometers from the city (according to Google Maps), where mostly farms would be found. Any residents here are exclusively Saudi Arabian.
Yanbu Al-Sina'iya (literally "the industrial Yanbu") is the industrial city, established in 1975 by Royal Decree to create a Royal Commission to manage the effort to build a new modern city. It is the most southern part of Yanbu city. Yanbu Al-Sina'iya is divided into 2 parts, the industrial area to the south, and a residential area (referred to as the Royal Commission by many locals) directly north and adjacent to the industrial area.
The industrial area within Yanbu Al-Sina'iya is the area of all the major refineries and petrochemical installations, and is still undergoing major growth. This area of Yanbu was a strip of undeveloped coastal desert land on the Red Sea, and has been transformed into an industrial city.
Yanbu Al-Sina'iya's residential section is near the Royal Commission Head Quarters.It has amenities such as many international chain restaurants, as well as two shopping malls, supermarkets of various sizes, hospitals, banks, and coffee shops.
The Movenpick Hotel, Yanbu's newest hotel, is located here, as is The Cove, a gated residential housing compound built around a large private lagoon.
The residential area of the Yanbu Al-Sina'iya has a more modern, clean, and more organized feel to it than the Downtown area. It is also greener.
Climate data for Yanbu'al Bahr
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Yanbu is an important petroleum shipping terminal and is home to three oil refineries, a plastics facility and several other petrochemical plants. It is the country's second port (after Jeddah) and serves as the main port for the holy city of Medina, 160 km (99 mi) to the east. The natural harbour is protected on both sides by wide coral reefs. These reefs remain mostly untouched, making them excellent areas for diving. Three major oil pipelines lead across the desert from the oilfields in the east to terminate at the Red Sea in Yanbu.
Yanbu also has an international airport (code YNB) that was built in 2009. It only offers flights to Dammam, Jeddah, and Riyadh within Saudi Arabia. Internationally, it offers flights to Cairo in Egypt, Manama in Bahrain, Istanbul in Turkey, and Dubai and Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates.
All the international destinations are serviced by foreign airlines; Saudi Arabian Airlines only serves domestic destinations (Dammam, Jeddah, and Riyadh).
A highway passes through Yanbu linking Jeddah to the northern parts of the kingdom and the neighboring countries Syria, Jordan etc.
The naval base called Al-Minhalapin utilizes islands and underwater facilities to protect the landmass.