Kheper, or (Xeper) is a transcription of an ancient Egyptian word meaning to come into being, to change, to occur, to happen, to exist, to bring about, to create, etc. Egyptologists typically transliterate the word as ḫpr. Both Kheper and Xeper possess the same phonetic value and are pronounced as "kheffer". Kheper is the root of the name of the Egyptian deity Khepri.
The term is used with the spelling xeper in the Temple of Set, where it represents "enlightened individualism"; that is, enhancement and improvement by education, experiment, and initiation 1. It is symbolized by the scarab beetle, significant of personal rebirth and immortality within the Temple of Set. The term is deemed central to Setian philosophy and practice, having been introduced at the founding of the religion in 1975, when its founder made the claim that the Egyptian god Set "communicated' the word xeper to him "North Solstice X Working" (PDF).