The Xalapa Symphony Orchestra (Spanish: Orquesta Sinfónica de Xalapa) is a Mexican orchestra locates in the Xalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz. It was founded in 1929, and is considered the oldest orchestra in Mexico.
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The orchestra was established by Adalberto Tejeda Olivares, a patron of the arts, in his second term as Governor of the state of Veracruz. Members were recruited from the state band, and the orchestra's first performance was on 21 August 1929 in the "Theater Lerdo" in Xalapa city.
In its first performance the orchestra comprised 19 string players, 16 woodwind players, 3 drummers and a piano player, under the direction of first violin Juan Lomán y Bueno. In 1975, the Xalapa Symphony Orchestra became part of Universidad Veracruzana .
Since 1929, the Xalapa Symphony Orchestra plays with prestigious conductors and soloists like Hermann Scherchen, Fritz Reiner, Neeme Jarvi, Julian Carrillo, Jose Iturbi, Bruno Campanella, Eduardo Mata, Yoel Levi, Fabio Mechetti, Krzysztof Penderecki, Pierre Fournier, Horacio Gutiérrez, Claudio Arrau, Mstislav Rostropovich, Henryk Szeryng, Emil Gilels, Ruggiero Ricci, Michael Rabin, Alfred Brendel, Plácido Domingo, Andrea Bocelli, Vladimir Spivakov, Grant Johannesen, and others.
Nationally, the OSX has hosted important events in the artistic life of our country, among them the Festival and International Cello Competition Pablo Casals ( 1959 ), which the legendary Pablo Casals, along with Heitor Villa-Lobos, André Navarra, Zara Nelsova and Mstislav Rostropovich, among others. The orchestra represented Mexico in the Europalia Festival (1993) and has done some international tours as 2004 by Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Germany or 2010 in Guatemala, being recognized as the " best ambassador of music and Mexican creation ."
In August 25, 2013, the Xalapa Symphony Orchestra performed the first concert in its new concert hall, Sala de Conciertos Orquesta Sinfonica de Xalapa (Xalapa Symphony Orchestra Concert Hall), with 1285 seats, part of the Complexo Cultural Tlaqná. Tlaqná has other two minor concert halls, with 350 and 200 seats.
Juan Lomán y Bueno was the first conductor of the orchestra,
José Ives Limantour (1944-1952),
Luis Ximénez Caballero (1952-1962),
Francisco Savín (1963-1967),
José Ives Limantour (1967-1969),
Fernando Avila Navarro (1969-1975),
Luis Herrera de la Fuente (1975-1984),
Francisco Savín (1984-1986),
Enrique Diemecke (1986-1987),
José Guadalupe Flore (1987-1990),
Francisco Savín (1990-2001),
Carlos Miguel Prieto (2002-2008),
Fernando Lozano Rodríguez (2008-2012),
Lanfranco Marcelletti (since 2012)