William Harridge (October 16, 1883 in Chicago, Illinois - April 9, 1971) was an American executive in professional baseball whose most significant role was as president of the American League (AL) from 1931 to 1959. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veteran's Committee in 1972.
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Will Harridge worked as a railway ticket clerk before being hired in 1911 as the personal secretary to AL president Ban Johnson. In 1927, he became American League secretary. He became president of the American League in 1931, held that post until his retirement in 1958, and then was named president emeritus. At that point the league office was moved to New York City, and Harridge was allowed to keep the Chicago office as well as act as custodian of the American League archive correspondence.
Harridge faced some criticism for his involvement in allowing Arnold Johnson, a business associate of New York Yankees owners Dan Topping and Del Webb, to purchase the Philadelphia Athletics and move them to Kansas City rather than allow local owners to purchase the team and keep it in Philadelphia. He is also criticized by some for his then "non-involvement" in turning a blind eye to the control that the Yankees had over Johnson and the A's.
Harridge often cited a 1932 incident as his most difficult decision in baseball. During a July 4 game between the New York Yankees and Washington Senators, a collision occurred at home plate involving Senators outfielder Carl Reynolds and Yankees catcher Bill Dickey. Dickey dropped the ball, but chased down Reynolds and punched him, resulting in a broken jaw. Though Dickey was a star player with the most powerful franchise in baseball, Harridge issued him a $1,000 fine and a thirty-day suspension.
He is more widely known, however, for a ruling that he made in 1951 when dwarf Eddie Gaedel signed a contract with Bill Veeck's St. Louis Browns. Gaedel registered one career at bat in August of that year, earning a walk on four straight balls. Harridge decided that Veeck was making a mockery of baseball and he cancelled Gaedel's contract the next day.
Harridge died at age 87 in Evanston, Illinois, and is interred in Memorial Park in Skokie, Illinois.
The American League Championship Series trophy is named the William Harridge Trophy in Harridge's honor.
^ Armour, Mark. "SABR Baseball Biography Project: Will Harridge". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 13, 2013. ,
^ winner.http://fielderschoice.wordpress.com/2009/04/10/overjoyed/ Dave (Tampa Bay Rays fan), "Overjoyed!", Fielder's Choice Baseball Card Blog, April 10, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-17 (including photo of trophy)