Warsaw Old Town
12. Gothic Bridge,
13. Pelican house,
14. St. John's Cathedral,
15. Jesuit Church,
17. Royal Castle,
18. Copper-Roof Palace,
19. East - West Route tunnel,
20. Dung Hill,
21. Warsaw Mermaid statue,
22. Zygmunt's Column
Although today's Warsaw is a fairly young city, it has many tourist attractions. Apart from the Warsaw Old Town quarter, reconstructed after World War II, each borough has something to offer. Among the most notable landmarks of the Old Town are the Royal Castle, King Zygmunt's Column, Market Square, and the Barbican.
Further south is the so-called Royal Route, with many classicist palaces, the Presidential Palace and the University of Warsaw campus. Wilanów Palace, the former royal residence of King John III Sobieski, is notable for its baroque architecture and parks.
Warsaw's oldest public park, the Saxon Garden, is located within 10 minutes' walk from the old town. Warsaw's biggest public park is the Royal Baths Park, established in the 17th century and given its current classical shape in late 18th century. It is located further south, on the Royal Route, about 3 km (1.9 mi) from the Warsaw Old Town.
The Powązki Cemetery is one of the oldest cemeteries in Europe, full of sculptures, some of them by the most renowned Polish artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. Since it serves the religious communities of Warsaw, be it Catholics, Orthodox, Jews, Muslims or Protestants, it is often called a necropolis. Nearby is the Okopowa Street Jewish Cemetery, one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe.
In many places in the city the Jewish culture and history resonates down through time. Among them the most notable are the Jewish theater, the Nożyk Synagogue, Janusz Korczak's Orphanage and the picturesque Próżna Street. The tragic pages of Warsaw's history are commemorated in places such as the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, the Umschlagplatz, fragments of the Ghetto wall on Sienna Street and a mound in memory of the Jewish Combat Organization.
There are also many places commemorating the heroic history of Warsaw.Pawiak, an infamous German Gestapo prison now occupied by a Mausoleum of Memory of Martyrdom and the museum, is only the beginning of a walk in the traces of Heroic City. The Warsaw Citadel, an impressive 19th-century fortification built after the defeat of the November Uprising, was a place of martyr for the Poles. Another important monument, the statue of Little Insurgent located at the ramparts of the Old Town, commemorates the children who served as messengers and frontline troops in the Warsaw Uprising, while the impressive Warsaw Uprising Monument by Wincenty Kućma was erected in memory of the largest insurrection of World War II.
In Warsaw there are many places connected with the life and work of Frédéric Chopin. The heart of Polish-born composer is sealed inside Warsaw's Holy Cross Church. During the summer time the Chopin Statue in the Royal Baths Park is a place where pianists give concerts to the park audience.
Also many references to Marie Curie, her work and her family can be found in Warsaw: Marie's birthplace at the Warsaw New Town, the working places where she did her first scientific works and the Radium Institute at Wawelska Street for the research and the treatment of which she founded in 1925.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coat_of_arms_of_Warsaw
The mermaid (syrenka) is Warsaw's symbol and can be found on statues throughout the city and on the city's coat of arms. This imagery has been in use since at least the mid-14th century. The oldest existing armed seal of Warsaw is from the year 1390, consisting of a round seal bordered with the Latin inscription Sigilium Civitatis Varsoviensis (Seal of the city of Warsaw). City records as far back as 1609 document the use of a crude form of a sea monster with a female upper body and holding a sword in its claws. In 1653 the poet Zygmunt Laukowski asks the question:
Warsaw of strong walls; why was the emblem Mermaid with sharp sword, given you by the kings?
The Mermaid Statue stands in the very centre of Old Town Square, surrounded by a fountain. Due to vandalism, the original statue had been moved to the grounds of the Historical Museum of Warsaw - the statue in the square is a copy. This is not the only mermaid in Warsaw. Another is located on the bank of the Vistula River near Świętokrzyski Bridge and another on Karowa Street.
The origin of the legendary figure is not fully known. The best-known legend, by Artur Oppman, is that long ago two of Triton's daughters set out on a journey through the depths of the oceans and seas. One of them decided to stay on the coast of Denmark and can be seen sitting at the entrance to the port of Copenhagen. The second mermaid reached the mouth of the Vistula River and plunged into its waters. She stopped to rest on a sandy beach by the village of Warszowa, where fishermen came to admire her beauty and listen to her beautiful voice. A greedy merchant also heard her songs; he followed the fishermen and captured the mermaid.
Another legend says that a mermaid once swam to Warsaw from the Baltic Sea for the love of the Griffin, the ancient defender of the city, who was killed in a struggle against the Swedish invasions of the 17th century. The mermaid, wishing to avenge his death, took the position of defender of Warsaw, becoming the symbol of the city.
Every member of the Queen's Royal Hussars of the United Kingdom light cavalry wears the Maid of Warsaw, the crest of the City of Warsaw, on the left sleeve of his No. 2 (Service) Dress. Members of 651 Squadron Army Air Corps of the United Kingdom also wear the Maid of Warsaw on the left sleeve of their No. 2 (Service) Dress.
Further information: Category:People from Warsaw
One of the most famous people born in Warsaw was Maria Skłodowska-Curie, who achieved international recognition for her research on radioactivity. Famous musicians include Władysław Szpilman and Frédéric Chopin. Though Chopin was born in the village of Żelazowa Wola, about 60 km (37 mi) from Warsaw, he moved to the city with his family when he was seven months old.Kazimierz Pułaski, a hero of the American Revolutionary War, was born here in 1745.
Tamara de Lempicka was a famous artist born in Warsaw. She was born Maria Górska in Warsaw to wealthy parents and in 1916 married a Polish lawyer Tadeusz Łempicki. Better than anyone else she represents the Art Deco style in painting.Nathan Alterman, the Israeli poet, was born in Warsaw, as was Moshe Vilenski, the Israeli composer, lyricist, and pianist, who studied music at the Warsaw Conservatory. Warsaw was the beloved city of Isaac Bashevis Singer, which he described in many of his novels:Warsaw has just now been destroyed. No one will ever see the Warsaw I knew. Let me just write about it. Let this Warsaw not not disappear forever, he commented.
Largest cities of the European Union: ranked 6th (2012).,
Most expensive cities: ranked 113th of 144.,
Best cities in terms of quality of living: ranked 87th of 100.,
The 2013 United Nations Climate Change Conference takes place in Warsaw.
Twin towns and sister cities:
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland
Warsaw is twinned with:
Astana in Kazakhstan (since 2002),
Berlin in Germany (since 1991),
Budapest in Hungary (since 2005),
Buenos Aires in Argentina (since 1992),
Coventry in the United Kingdom (since 1957),
Chicago in the United States (since 1960),
Düsseldorf in Germany (since 1989),
Grozny in Russia (since 1997),
The Hague in Netherlands (since 1991),
Hamamatsu in Japan (since 1990),
Hanoi in Vietnam (since 2000),
Harbin in China (since 1993),
Île-de-France in France (since 1990),
Istanbul in Turkey (since 1991),
Kiev in Ukraine (since 1994),
Madrid in Spain (since 1981),
Moscow in Russia (since 1993),
Oslo in Norway (since 2005),
Paris in France (since 1999),
Rio de Janeiro in Brazil (since 1997),
Riga in Latvia (since 2002),
Saint-Étienne in France (since 1995),
St. Petersburg in Russia (since 1997),
San Diego in the United States (since 1960),
Seoul in South Korea (since 1996),
Taipei in Taiwan (since 1995),
Tel Aviv in Israel (since 1992),
Toronto in Canada (since 1990),
Vienna in Austria (since 2001),
Vilnius in Lithuania (since 1998),
References - city's official site.
Prague, Czech Republic,
Warsaw in art
Miodowa Street, Bernardo Bellotto,
Krakowskie Przedmieście, Marcin Zaleski,
Sand miners, Aleksander Gierymski,
Nowy Świat Street, Władysław Podkowiński,
Warsaw in literature
City of menace, like a coffin lid,
thrown down an abyss as if,
by a tempest's blow -,
as a black lion who takes long to die
--Warsaw, Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński
What are you doing here, poet, on the ruins,
Of St. John's Cathedral this sunny,
Day in spring?,
What are you thinking here, where the wind,
Blowing from the Vistula scatters,
The red dust of the rubble?
--In Warsaw, Czesław Miłosz
Before the war and today
Warsaw in photochrome prints
Adam Mickiewicz monument
St. Alexander's Church
Greenery in the city
Royal Baths Park
Wilanów Palace Park