General Vicente Alvarez (April 5, 1862 - November 4, 1942) is a Philippine revolutionary general who led the revolution in Zamboanga which forced the last Spanish troops stationed there to flee from the Philippines.
1 Early life,
2.1 Malacañang Service,
2.2 Zamboanga Revolution,
2.3 Republic of Zamboanga,
4 See also,
5 External links,
Vicente Solis Alvarez was born in April 5, 1862 as the fifth child to Alejo Alvarez and Isidora Solis in Magay, Zamboanga. Alvarez terminated his elementary course at the Liceo de Zamboanga inside Fort Pilar and pursued his military studies at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila and the Spanish Military Academy in Zaragoza, Spain.
Alvarez was later assigned to the Malacañang Palace to serve under the Governor-General of the Philippines. During his service for the Governor-General, he joined the Katipunan when it was established in 1892. It was in 1895 when the Spanish government discovered his actions. As a result of his treason, he was punished by sending him into a mission in Sulu to pacify a quarrel between the Sultan and the landowners there. Because of his hard work of diplomacy, in 1897, the landowners and the Sultan quickly agreed on a compromise and recognized Alvarez' judgment and authority. The Sultan designated him the title Datu Tumanggung, giving him jurisdiction over the constituents of the Sultan in Basilan and Zamboanga. Because of his accomplishments, he was pardoned by the Governor-General.
In 1898, prominent Zamboangueños organized a revolutionary group to fight the Spanish that remained in Zamboanga after they were forced to abandon Manila and Iloilo during the Spanish-American War. The council then elected Alvarez as their commanding general. He then organized an army of Christian Filipinos, Tribal warriors, and Muslim Krismen.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Zamboanga
Under his leadership, Alvarez was able to take control of the peninsula, except the port of Zamboanga and Fort Pilar, which were fortified by remaining Spanish forces led by Governor-General Diego de los Rios.
After organizing enough troops, he laid siege against the Spanish stronghold of Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora La Virgen del Pilar de Zaragoza in April 1899. The siege lasted until May 18, 1899 in which the Spanish were compelled to surrender.
Republic of Zamboanga:
General Alvarez then proclaimed a revolutionary government as the Republic of Zamboanga with him as its first president.
After Zamboanga's independence from the Spanish, Alvarez met opposition with Isidro Midel. Midel, who is an ally of the occupying Americans, forced Alvarez from office. Alvarez then fled to Basilan in November 16, 1899. Midel replaced him as president of the republic which is now a protectorate under the United States. After that, Alvarez faded away from the public eye.
Alvarez died in November 4, 1942, leaving a legacy as revolutionary leader who fought foreign occupation in Zamboanga and in the Philippines. He is responsible for the true and last surrender of the Spanish forces in the Philippines to the revolutionary forces.
Shortly before his death, he apparently spoke out against the Japanese occupation in the Philippines.
Today, he is remembered by the Zamboangueños as their local hero. A busy street is named after him at downtown Zamboanga. In July 3, 2008, the Zamboanga City Council approved City Ordinance 334 naming Plaza Roma, situated at the corner of Don Pablo Lorenzo St., Zaragoza St. and Gen. V. Alvarez St., as Plaza Vicente S. Alvarez.