Timothy Eugene "Tim" Scott (born September 19, 1965) is the junior United States Senator for South Carolina and a former member of the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district. A Republican, he became a senator in 2013 after South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley named him to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Jim DeMint. He was elected to the House in November 2010 to the 112th Congress and served from 2011 to 2013. The first Republican African-American Representative from South Carolina since 1897 he was one of the two members of the 2010 freshman class chosen to sit at the House Republican leadership table. Scott, a fiscal and cultural conservative, ran for Congress on a platform of reducing federal spending and taxes. He was endorsed by Tea Party groups. Scott is running in a special election in 2014 for the final two years of DeMint's second term. A graduate of Charleston Southern University, Scott owns an insurance agency and has worked as a financial advisor. He served one term in the South Carolina General Assembly (2009-2011) and 13 years on the Charleston County Council (1996-2008). Scott is one of only two African-American members of the United States Senate and the tenth African-American to serve in the United States Senate. Scott is the first African-American senator from the state of South Carolina and the first from the South since 1881. Scott took office in the Senate on January 2, a day before the rest of the freshmen, resulting in a seniority ranking of 88, several places ahead of where he would have been had he been inaugurated on the regular date. Scott was joined by a second African-American Senator in the 113th Congress when Mo Cowan was appointed to a U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts on February 1, 2013 and served until July 16, 2013. Scott is one of two African-American senators in the 113th Congress, alongside New Jersey Senator Cory Booker. Contents 1 Early life, education, and business career, 2 Charleston County Council (1995-2008) 2.1 Elections, 2.2 Tenure, 2.3 Committee assignments, , 3 South Carolina House of Representatives (2009-2011) 3.1 Elections, 3.2 Tenure, 3.3 Committee assignments, , 4 United States House of Representatives (2011-2013) 4.1 Elections, 4.2 Tenure, 4.3 Committee assignments, , 5 United States Senate 5.1 2014 election, 5.2 Tenure, 5.3 Committee assignments, , 6 Personal life, 7 Electoral history, 8 See also, 9 References, 10 External links, Early life, education, and business career: Scott was born in North Charleston, South Carolina to Ben Scott, Sr. and Frances Scott, a nursing assistant. His parents were divorced when he was 7, and he grew up in poverty under the care of his mother who worked 16-hour days. He has an older brother who is a Sergeant Major in the U.S. Army. Scott attended Presbyterian College from 1983 to 1984, on a partial football scholarship, and graduated from Charleston Southern University in 1988 with a B.S. in Political Science. In addition to his political career, Scott owns an insurance agency, and works as a financial advisor. Charleston County Council (1995-2008): Elections: Scott ran in a February 1995 special election to the Charleston County Council at-large seat vacated by Keith Summey, who resigned his seat to become Mayor of North Charleston. He won the seat, receiving nearly 80% of the vote. He became the first black Republican elected to any office in South Carolina since the 19th century, and serving for a time alongside Paul Thurmond, the son of the late Republican U.S. Senator, Strom Thurmond. In 1996, he challenged Democratic State Senator Robert Ford in South Carolina's 42nd Senate district, but lost 65%-35%. He won re-election in 2000. In 2004, he won re-election with 61% of the vote, defeating Democrat Elliot Summey (son of Mayor Keith Summey). Tenure: Scott served on the Council from 1995 until 2008, becoming Chairman in 2007. In 1997, Scott supported posting the Ten Commandments outside the county council chambers, saying it would remind members of the absolute rules they should follow. The county council then unanimously approved the display and Scott nailed a King James version of the Commandments to the wall. Shortly after, the ACLU and Americans United for Separation of Church and State sued. After an initial court ruling said the display was unconstitutional, the council settled to avoid accruing more legal fees. Regarding the costs of the suit, Scott said, "Whatever it costs in the pursuit of this goal (of displaying the Commandments) is worth it." In January 2001, President Bill Clinton's Department of Justice sued the city of Charleston for racial discrimination by having all at-large districts. Scott, the only African American member of the council, stated, "I don't like the idea of segregating everyone into smaller districts. Besides, the Justice Department assumes that the only way for African-Americans to have representation is to elect an African-American, and the same for whites. Obviously, my constituents don't think that's true." Committee assignments: Economic Development Committee (Chair), South Carolina House of Representatives (2009-2011): Elections: In 2008, incumbent Republican State Representative Tom Dantzler decided to retire. Scott ran for his seat in District 117 of the South Carolina House of Representatives and won the Republican primary with 53% of the vote, defeating Bill Crosby and Wheeler Tillman. He won the general election unopposed, becoming the first Republican African-American representative from South Carolina in more than 100 years. Tenure: Scott staunchly supports the state's Right-to-Work laws and argued that Boeing chose South Carolina for that reason. In South Carolina Club for Growth's 2009-2010 scorecard, Scott earned a B and a score of 80 out of 100. He was praised by the South Carolina Association of Taxpayers, for his "diligent, principled and courageous stands against higher taxes." Committee assignments: Judiciary, Labor, Commerce and Industry, Ways and Means, United States House of Representatives (2011-2013): Elections: 2010 See also: United States House of Representatives elections, 2010#South Carolina Scott entered the election for lieutenant governor before switching to the race for South Carolina's 1st congressional district following the retirement announcement of Republican incumbent Henry Brown. The 1st district is based in Charleston, and included approximately the northern 3/4 of the state's coastline (except for Beaufort and Hilton Head Island, which were in the 2nd District). Scott ranked first in the nine candidate Republican primary of June 8, 2010, receiving a plurality of 32% of the vote. Fellow Charleston County Councilman Paul Thurmond, son of U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, ranked second with 16% of the vote. Carroll A. Campbell III, the son of former Governor Carroll A. Campbell, Jr., ranked third with 14% of the vote. Charleston County School Board member Larry Kobrovsky ranked fourth with 11% of the vote. Five other candidates had single digit percentages. Because no candidate had received 50 percent or more of the vote, a runoff was held on June 22, 2010. Scott faced off against Paul Thurmond. Scott was endorsed by the anti-tax National Club for Growth, various Tea Party movement groups, former Alaska Governor and Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin, Republican House Whip Eric Cantor, former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee, South Carolina Senator Jim DeMint, and the founder of the Minuteman Project. Scott defeated Thurmond 68%-32% and won every county in the congressional district. According to the Associated Press, Scott "swamped his opponents in fundraising, spending almost $725,000 during the election cycle to less than $20,000 for his November opponents". He won the general election, defeating Democrat Ben Frasier 65%-29%. Following the election, Scott and Allen West of Florida became the first African-American Republicans in Congress since J.C. Watts retired in 2003. Scott also became the first African-American Republican elected to Congress from South Carolina in 114 years. 2012 See also: United States House of Representatives elections in South Carolina, 2012 Scott was unopposed in the primary and won the general election, defeating Democrat Bobbie Rose 62%-36%. Tenure: Congressman Scott, one of two African-American Republicans elected to the House in 2010, declined to join the Congressional Black Caucus. In March 2011, Scott co-sponsored a welfare reform bill that would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike. He introduced legislation in July 2011 to strip the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) of its power to prohibit employers from relocating to punish workers who join unions or strike. The rationale for the legislation is that government agencies should not be able to tell private employers where they can run a business. Scott described the legislation as a common sense proposal that would fix a flaw in federal labor policy and benefit the national and local economies. The NLRB had recently opposed the relocation of a Boeing production facility from Washington state to South Carolina. Scott successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million, arguing that the project is neither an earmark nor an example of wasteful government spending. He said the project was merit-based, and in the national interest because larger cargo ships could use the port and jobs would be created. During the summer 2011 debate over raising the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott supported the inclusion of a balanced budget constitutional amendment in the debt ceiling bill, and opposed legislation that did not include the amendment. Before voting "no" on the final bill to raise the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott and other first term conservatives prayed for guidance in a congressional chapel. Afterwards, Scott asserted that he had received divine inspiration regarding his vote, and joined the rest of the South Carolina congressional delegation in voting no on the measure. Taxes and spending - Scott believes that federal spending and taxes should be reduced, with a Balanced Budget Amendment and the FairTax respectively being implemented for spending and taxes., Health care - Scott believes the 2010 health care reform law should be repealed. Scott states that the health care in the U.S. is one of the greatest in the world, stating that people all over the world come to study in American medical schools, waiting lists are rare, and Americans are able to choose their insurance, providers, and course of treatment. Scott supports an alternative to the health care bill that he says keeps these benefits while controlling costs by reforming the medical tort system by having a limit on non-economic damages and by reforming Medicare., Earmarks - Scott opposes earmarks., Economic development - He supports infrastructure development and public works for his district. He opposes restrictions on deepwater oil drilling., Social issues - Scott describes himself as pro-life. Scott supports adult and cord blood stem cell research. He opposes embryonic stem cell research funded by taxpayers. He opposes the creation of human embryos for experimentation. and opposes assisted suicide. Scott opposes same-sex marriage., Immigration - Scott supports federal legislation that is similar to the Arizona law, Arizona SB 1070. He supports strengthening penalties for employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants. He also promotes cultural assimilation by making English the official language in the government, and by requiring new immigrants to learn English., Labor - Scott introduced a bill which would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike., Foreign Policy - Scott advocates a continued military presence in Afghanistan and believes an early withdrawal will benefit Al-Qaeda. He also views Iran as the world's most dangerous country and believes that the US should aid pro-democracy groups there. Scott opposed the 2011 military intervention in Libya., Committee assignments: Scott was appointed by the House Republican Steering Committee to both the Committee on Transportation and the Committee on Small Business. He was later appointed to the powerful Committee on Rules and relinquished his other two committee assignments. Committee on Rules Subcommittee on Rules and the Organization of the House, , United States Senate: 2014 election: Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate_special_election_in_South_Carolina,_2014 Scott will be running in November 2014 for the right to serve the final two years of DeMint's term. He will then run for re-election to a full six-year term in 2016. Tenure: On December 17, 2012, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley announced she would appoint Scott to replace retiring Senator Jim DeMint, who had previously announced that he would retire from the Senate to become the President of The Heritage Foundation. Scott is the first African-American to serve from South Carolina in that state's history. In addition, Scott was one of two black senators in the 113th Congress alongside Mo Cowan (and the first since senator Roland Burris retired in 2010 after succeeding President Barack Obama), and is the first African-American Senator to serve from the Southern United States since Reconstruction. It was reported that Scott, along with Rep. Trey Gowdy, former South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster, former First Lady of South Carolina Jenny Sanford, and Director of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Catherine Templeton, were on Governor Haley's short list to replace Sen. DeMint. In her decision to pick Scott, Governor Haley said: "It is important to me, as a minority female, that Congressman Scott earned this seat, he earned this seat for the person that he is. He earned this seat with the results he has shown." Committee assignments: Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security, Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet (Ranking Member), Subcommittee on Competitiveness, Innovation, and Export Promotion, Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard, Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security, , Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests and Mining, Subcommittee on Water and Power, , Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Subcommittee on Employment and Workplace Safety, , Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Special Committee on Aging, Personal life: Scott is unmarried. He owns an insurance agency and he is also a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group, LLC. Scott is a devout evangelical Christian. He is a member of Seacoast Church, a large evangelical church in Charleston, and is a former member of that church's board. Electoral history: Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_House_of_Representatives_elections,_2010 General election 2008 - South Carolina General Assembly 117th District Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Tim Scott 9,080 99.27% Write-in Various 67 0.73% Totals 9,147 100% Voter turnout 76.02% Republican Primary - 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Tim Scott 25,457 31.49% Republican Paul Thurmond 13,149 16.26% Republican Carroll Campbell 11,665 14.43% Republican Larry Kobrovsky 8,521 10.54% Republican Clark B Parker 6,769 8.37% Republican Stovall Witte 7,192 8.90% Republican Katherine Jenerette 3,849 4.76% Republican Mark Lutz 3,237 4.0% Republican Ken Glasson 1,006 1.24% Totals 80,845 100% Voter turnout 24.11% Republican Primary Runoff - 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Tim Scott 46,885 68% Republican Paul Thurmond 21,706 32% 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Elections Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Tim Scott 152,755 65.37% Democratic Ben Frasier 67,008 28.67% Voter turnout 51.89%

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