Richard Michael "Rik" Mayall (7 March 1958 - 9 June 2014) was an English comedian, writer, actor and voice-over artist. Mayall was best known for his comedy partnership with Ade Edmondson, for his energetic "post-punk" style of acting, and as a pioneer of alternative comedy in the early 1980s. He appeared in numerous cult classic sitcoms, including The Young Ones (1982-84), Filthy Rich & Catflap (1987), The New Statesman (1987-94), Bottom (1991-95), and Blackadder, and in the comedy films Drop Dead Fred (1991) and Guest House Paradiso (1999).
At the time of his death, Mayall was described by Danny Cohen, director of BBC Television, as a "truly brilliant" comedian with a unique stage presence, whose "fireball creativity" and approach to sitcom had inspired a generation of comedy stars.
Mayall, the second of four children, was born in Epping, Essex, to John and Gillian (Harrild) Mayall. He had an older brother, Anthony, and two younger sisters, Libby and Kate. When Mayall was three years old, he and his parents--who taught drama--moved to Droitwich Spa, Worcestershire, where he spent the rest of his childhood and performed in his parents' plays. After attending The King's School, Worcester, Mayall went to the University of Manchester in 1975 to study drama, where he befriended his future comedy partner Ade Edmondson. There he also met Ben Elton, a fellow student, and Lise Mayer, with whom he later co-wrote The Young Ones.
Young Ones and The Comic Strip:
Edmondson and Mayall gained their reputation at The Comedy Store, from 1980. Apart from performing in their double act, 20th Century Coyote, Mayall developed solo routines, using characters such as Kevin Turvey and a pompous anarchist poet named Rick. This led to Edmondson and Mayall, along with Comedy Store compere Alexei Sayle and other upcoming comedians, including Nigel Planer, Peter Richardson, French and Saunders, Arnold Brown and Pete Richens, setting up their own comedy club called "The Comic Strip" in the Raymond Revuebar, a strip club in Soho. Mayall's Kevin Turvey character gained a regular slot in A Kick Up the Eighties, first broadcast in 1981. He appeared as "Rest Home" Ricky in Richard O'Brien's Shock Treatment, a sequel to The Rocky Horror Picture Show. He played Dentonvale's resident attendant as the love interest to Nell Campbell's Nurse Ansalong.
Mayall's television appearances as Kevin Turvey warranted a mockumentary based on the character titled Kevin Turvey - The Man Behind The Green Door, broadcast in 1982. The previous year, he appeared in a bit role in An American Werewolf in London. His stage partnership with Edmondson continued, with them often appearing together as "The Dangerous Brothers", hapless daredevils whose hyper-violent antics foreshadowed their characters in Bottom.Channel 4 offered the Comic Strip group six short films, which became The Comic Strip Presents..., debuting on 2 November 1982. The series, which continued sporadically for many years, saw Mayall play a wide variety of roles. It was known for anti-establishment humour and for parodies such as Bad News on Tour, a spoof "rockumentary" starring Mayall, Richardson, Edmondson and Planer as a heavy metal band.
At the time The Comic Strip Presents... was negotiated, the BBC took an interest in The Young Ones, a sitcom written by Mayall and then-girlfriend Lise Mayer, in the same anarchic vein as Comic Strip. Ben Elton joined the writers. The series was commissioned and first broadcast in 1982, shortly before Comic Strip. Mayall played Rick, a pompous sociology student and Cliff Richard devotee. Despite the sitcom format, Mayall maintained his double-act with Edmondson, who starred as violent punk Vyvyan. Nigel Planer (as hippie Neil) and Christopher Ryan (as "Mike the cool person") also starred, with additional material written and performed by Alexei Sayle. The first series was successful and a second was screened in 1984. The show owed a comic debt to Spike Milligan, but Milligan was disapproving of Mayall. Milligan once wrote: "Rik Mayall is putrid - absolutely vile. He thinks nose-picking is funny and farting and all that. He is the arsehole of British comedy." In 1986, Mayall played the Detective in the video of "Peter Gunn" by Art of Noise featuring Duane Eddy.
Becoming a household name:
Mayall continued to work on The Comic Strip films. He returned to stand-up comedy, performing on Saturday Live--a British version of the American Saturday Night Live--first broadcast in 1985. He and Edmondson had a regular section as "The Dangerous Brothers", their earlier stage act. In 1985, Mayall debuted another comic creation. He had starred in the final episode of the first series of Blackadder (1983) as "Mad Gerald". He returned to play Lord Flashheart in the Blackadder II episode titled "Bells". A descendant of this character, Squadron Commander Flashheart, was in the Blackadder Goes Forth episode "Private Plane". In the same episode, he was reunited with Edmondson, who played German flying ace Baron von Richthofen the "Red Baron", in a scene where he comes to rescue Captain Blackadder from the Germans. Nearly a decade later, Mayall also appeared in Blackadder: Back & Forth as Robin Hood.
In 1986, Mayall joined Planer, Edmondson and Elton to star as Richie Rich in Filthy Rich & Catflap, which was billed as a follow-up to The Young Ones. The idea of Filthy Rich and Catflap was a reaction to comments made by Jimmy Tarbuck about The Young Ones. The series' primary focus was to highlight the "has been" status of light entertainment. While Mayall received positive critical reviews, viewing figures were poor and the series was never repeated on the BBC. In later years, release on video, DVD and repeats on UK TV found a following. Mayall suggested that the series did not last because he was uncomfortable acting in an Elton project, when they had been co-writers on The Young Ones. In the same year, Mayall had a number one hit in the UK Singles Chart, when he and his co-stars from The Young Ones teamed with Cliff Richard to record "Living Doll" for the inaugural Comic Relief campaign. Mayall played Rick one last time in the Comic Relief stage-show and supported the Comic Relief cause for the rest of his life. 1987 saw Mayall co-star with Edmondson in the ITV sitcom Hardwicke House. Due to adverse reaction from press and viewers, ITV withdrew the series after two episodes. He appeared on the children's television series Jackanory. His crazed portrayal of Roald Dahl's George's Marvellous Medicine proved memorable. However, the BBC received complaints "with viewers claiming both story and presentation to be both dangerous and offensive".
In 1987, Mayall played fictional Conservative MP Alan Beresford B'Stard in the sitcom The New Statesman (Yorkshire Television) written by Laurence Marks and Maurice Gran. The character was a satirical portrait of Tory MPs in the United Kingdom in the 1980s and early 1990s. The programme ran for four series--incorporating two BBC specials--between 1987-94 and was successful critically and in the ratings. In a similar vein to his appearance on Jackanory, in 1989 Mayall starred in a series of bit shows for ITV called Grim Tales, in which he narrated Grimm Brothers fairy tales while puppets acted the stories. In the early 1990s, Mayall starred in humorous adverts for Nintendo games and consoles. With money from the ads, he bought his house in London which he called "Nintendo Towers".
In 1991, Edmondson and Mayall co-starred in the West End production of Beckett's Waiting for Godot at the Queen's Theatre, with Mayall playing Vladimir, Edmondson as Estragon and Christopher Ryan as Lucky. Here they came up with the idea for Bottom, which they said was a cruder cousin to Waiting for Godot.Bottom was commissioned by the BBC and three series were shown between 1991 and 1995. Mayall starred in Bottom as Richard 'Richie' Richard alongside Edmondson's Eddie Elizabeth Hitler. The series featured slapstick violence taken to new extremes, and gained a strong cult following. In 1993, following the second series, Mayall and Edmondson decided to take a stage-show version of the series on a national tour, Bottom: Live. It was a commercial success, filling large venues. Four additional stage shows were embarked upon in 1995, 1997, 2001 and 2003, each meeting with great success. The violent nature of these shows saw both Edmondson and Mayall ending up in hospital at various points. A film version, Guest House Paradiso, was released in 1999. A fourth TV series was also written, but not commissioned by the BBC.
Mayall starred alongside Phoebe Cates in Drop Dead Fred (1991) as the eponymous character, a troublesome imaginary friend who reappears from a woman's childhood. He also appeared in Carry On Columbus (1992) with other alternative comedians. Mayall also provided the voice of the character Froglip, the leader of the goblins, in the 1992 animated film adaption of the 1872 children's tale The Princess and the Goblin by George MacDonald. In 1993, he appeared in Rik Mayall Presents, six individual comedy dramas (Micky Love / Briefest Encounter / Dancing Queen / The Big One / Dirty Old Town / Clair de Lune). Mayall's performances won him a Best Comedy Performer award at that year's British Comedy Awards, and a second series of three was broadcast in early 1995. He provided the voice for Little Sod in Simon Brett's How to Be a Little Sod, written in 1991 and adapted as ten consecutive episodes broadcast by the BBC in 1995. In the early 1990s, he auditioned for the roles of Banzai, Zazu and Timon in The Lion King (1994); he was asked to audition by lyricist Tim Rice, but the role of Zazu finally went to Rowan Atkinson.
In 1995, Mayall featured in a production of the play Cell Mates alongside Stephen Fry. Not long into the run, Fry had a nervous breakdown and fled to Belgium, where he remained for several days, and the play closed early. In 2007, Mayall said of the incident: "You don't leave the trenches ... selfishness is one thing, being a cunt is another. I mustn't start that war again." Edmondson poked fun at the event during their stage tours. In Bottom Live: The Big Number Two Tour, after Mayall gave mocking gestures to the audience and insulted their town in a silly voice, Edmondson said, "Have you finished yet? It's just I'm beginning to understand why Stephen Fry fucked off." In Bottom Live 2003: Weapons Grade Y-Fronts Tour, after Richie accidentally fondles Eddie, he replies, "I see why Stephen Fry left that play." Towards the end of the Cell Mates run, Mayall revealed a replica gun-- a prop from the play--to a passer-by in the street. Mayall was cautioned over the incident and later conceded that this was "incredibly stupid, even by my standards". From 1999, Mayall was the voice of the black-headed seagull Kehaar, in the first and second series of the animated television programme, Watership Down. In the late 1990s Mayall was featured in a number of adverts for Virgin Trains.
In 2000, Mayall lent his voice to the PlayStation and Windows PC video game Hogs of War. Also that year, Mayall appeared in the video production of Jesus Christ Superstar as King Herod. He joked in the "making of" documentary, which was included on the DVD release, that "the real reason why millions of people want to come and see this is because I'm in it! Me and Jesus!" In 2001 Mayall acted as Lt Daniel Blaney in the episode "The White Knight Stratagem" from the series "Murder Rooms: The Mysteries of the Real Sherlock Holmes." In 2002, Mayall teamed up with Marks and Gran once more when he starred as Professor Adonis Cnut in the ITV sitcom, Believe Nothing. However, the sitcom failed to repeat the success of The New Statesman and lasted for only one series.
Following 2003's Bottom: Live tour, Bottom 5: Weapons Grade Y-Fronts, Mayall stated that he and Edmondson would return with another tour. Shortly thereafter, however, Edmondson told the Daily Mail that he no longer wished to work on Bottom. This effectively dissolved their quarter century-long partnership. Edmondson claimed they were "too old" to continue portraying the characters. Edmondson added that since Mayall had recovered from his coma, he was slower on the uptake and it had become more difficult to work with him, citing as well that due to taking medication Mayall had been advised to stop drinking alcohol. However, Edmondson said that the pair remained very close friends.
Mayall voiced Edwin in the BBC show Shoebox Zoo. In September 2005, he released an 'in-character' semi-fictionalised autobiography titled Bigger than Hitler, Better than Christ (ISBN 0-00-720727-1). At the same time, he starred in a new series for ITV, All About George. In 2006, Mayall reprised the role of Alan B'Stard in the play The New Statesman 2006: Blair B'stard Project, written by Marks and Gran. By this time B'Stard had left the floundering Conservatives and become a Labour MP. In 2007, following a successful two-month run in London's West End at the Trafalgar Studios, a heavily re-written version toured theatres nationwide, with Marks and Gran constantly updating the script to keep it topical. However, Mayall succumbed to chronic fatigue and flu in May 2007 and withdrew from the show. Alan B'Stard was played by his understudy, Mike Sherman during his hiatus.
Mayall was cast as the poltergeist Peeves in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (2001), the first of the Harry Potter films, although all of his scenes were cut from the film. He claimed in his semi-autobiographical book Bigger than Hitler, Better than Christ that he had not been made aware that his scenes had been cut until the full film was officially unveiled at the premiere. He told the story of this hiring/firing on his second website blog for his film, Evil Calls: The Raven (2008). For Evil Calls, Mayall's role as Winston the Butler was shot in 2002, when the film was titled Alone in the Dark. The film was not completed until 2008, and was released under its new Evil Calls title, to distance it from the Alone in the Dark computer game film.
Mayall provided the voice of the Andrex puppy in the UK TV commercials for Andrex toilet paper, and also had a voice part in the UK Domestos cleaning product adverts. He performed the voice of King Arthur in the children's television cartoon series, King Arthur's Disasters, alongside Matt Lucas who plays Merlin. Mayall also had a recurring role in the Channel Five remake of the lighthearted drama series, Minder.
In September 2009, Mayall played a supporting role in the British television programme Midsomer Murders--shown on ITV1 and made by Meridian Broadcasting--as David Roper, a recovering party animal and tenuous friend of the families in and around Chettham Park House.
In April 2010, Motivation Records released Mayall's England Football anthem "Noble England" for the 2010 FIFA World Cup which he recorded with producer Dave Loughran at Brick Lane Studios in London. The release, on 26 April, was designed to coincide with St George's Day and the baptism of Shakespeare. On the track, Mayall performs an adapted speech from Shakespeare's Henry V. In June 2010, the official BBC Match of the Day compilation CD (2010 Edition) was released by Sony/Universal featuring Noble England. After Mayall's death in 2014, a fan led campaign began to get "Noble England" to number 1 during the 2014 FIFA World Cup. It rapidly climbed the official charts in the United Kingdom and broke in at number 7.
In September 2010, an audio book, narrated by Mayall, Cutey and the Sofaguard was released by Digital Download. The book was written by Chris Wade and released by Wisdom Twins Books. In this same month, Mayall played the voice of Roy's Dad and recorded five episodes of animation In November, Mayall provided narrative for five different characters for CDs accompanying children's books published by Clickety Books. The books aid speech and language development by bombarding the child with troublesome sound targets. He recorded introductions and narratives for the titles.
On 5 March 2011, Mayall appeared on Let's Dance for Comic Relief in which he came on stage and attacked Ade Edmondson with a frying pan during his performance of The Dying Swan ballet. Edmondson mentioned backstage that it was the first time in eight years they've done something like that together and claimed Mayall had left his head with a small bump. It would be the last time the duo performed together in public.
In April 2011, Mayall again revived the character of Alan B'Stard to make an appearance in a satirical television advertisement for the No2AV campaign prior to the 2011 voting reform referendum in the UK. The character is shown being elected under the alternative vote system, then using his newly gained position of power to renege on his campaign promises. In his personal life, Rik Mayall did not support the alternative vote. In May, Mayall became the eponymous 'Bombardier' in a TV advertising campaign for Bombardier Bitter in the UK. The adverts landed broadcaster UKTV Dave in trouble with Ofcom when they were found to breach the Ofcom code for linking alcohol with sexual attractiveness or success.
On 23 August 2012, the BBC announced that Edmondson and Mayall's characters of Richie and Eddie would be returning in 2013 in Hooligan's Island, a television adaptation of their 1997 tour of the same name. However, on 15 October 2012, Edmondson announced during an interview with BBC radio presenter Mark Powlett that the project was cancelled prior to production as he wished to pursue other interests.
In September 2012, Mayall starred in The Last Hurrah, a six-episode, full-cast audio series that he also co-wrote with Craig Green and Dominic Vince.
In November 2012, Mayall narrated several children's books on the Me Books app, such as The Getaway and Banana! by children's illustrator and author Ed Vere.
In October 2013 he appeared in Channel 4 sitcom Man Down, playing the father of the protagonist, Greg Davies -- despite being only ten years older.
Mayall married Scottish make-up artist Barbara Robbin in 1985, and the couple had three children: Rosie (born 1986), Sidney (born 1988) and Bonnie (born 1995). The couple met in 1981 while filming A Kick Up the Eighties and embarked on a secret affair. At the time, Mayall was in a long-term relationship with Lise Mayer. Upon finding out Robbin was pregnant, Mayall eloped with her to Barbados. Mayer would later suffer a miscarriage. In a 2002 newspaper article, Mayall said that Mayer had since forgiven him.
Mayall twice became involved in politics. In 2002 he dressed as Adolf Hitler for an advert in opposition to Britain joining the euro, and in 2011 appeared in character as Alan B'Stard to oppose the proposal to use an Alternative Vote system in UK elections.
Quad bike accident:
On 9 April 1998, Mayall was injured after crashing a quad bike near his home in Devon. Mayall's daughter Bonnie and her cousin had asked him to take them for a ride on the bike--a Christmas gift from his wife--but he refused because it was raining, and he later went alone. Mayall's wife Barbara looked out of the window and saw him lying on the ground with the bike. Believing he was joking, she initially left him for a few minutes. Mayall was airlifted to Plymouth's Derriford Hospital, with two haematomas and a fractured skull. During the following 96 hours, he was kept sedated to prevent movement which could cause pressure on his brain. His family was warned that he could die or have brain damage. He was in a coma for several days. After five days doctors felt it safe to bring Mayall back to consciousness.
During Mayall's hospitalisation, The Comic Strip special, Four Men in a Car, was broadcast for the first time. The film involves Mayall's character being hit by a car. Mayall and Edmondson joked about the event in stage versions of Bottom, Edmondson quipping "If only I'd fixed those brakes properly," and Mayall referring to himself: "You must know him, that tosser who fell off the quad bike." The pair wrote the first draft of their feature film Guest House Paradiso while Mayall was still hospitalised. They planned to co-direct, but Edmondson took on the duties himself. Mayall returned to work doing voice-overs. His first post-accident acting job was in the 1998 Jonathan Creek Christmas special, as DI Gideon Pryke, a role he reprised in 2013. In his 2005 spoof autobiography, Mayall claims that he "rose from the dead".
On 9 June 2014, Mayall died at his home in Barnes, London, England at the age of 56. After being called to the house with a report of a sudden death at 13:19, the Metropolitan Police said that the death was not believed to be suspicious. His death was announced by his management team. Tributes were paid by the comedy producer John Lloyd, the comedian David Walliams, actor and writer Stephen Fry, surrealist and actor Noel Fielding, film director Edgar Wright, and many others.
There were times when Rik and I were writing together when we almost died laughing. They were some of the most carefree stupid days I ever had, and I feel privileged to have shared them with him. And now he's died for real. Without me. Selfish bastard.
On 12 June the West London Coroner's Office found that post-mortem examinations on Mayall had proved inconclusive and that further tests would be needed. His widow stated that he had suffered an "acute cardiac event" shortly after returning from a run.
Mayall's funeral took place on 19 June 2014 in Dittisham, Devon. Among those who attended were Dawn French, Jennifer Saunders, Peter Richardson, Alan Rickman and Mayall's Young Ones co-stars Ade Edmondson, Nigel Planer, Alexei Sayle, and Young Ones co-writer Ben Elton. Edmondson also served as a pall-bearer.
Recognition, critical opinion and legacy:
2005, Channel 4 poll, Comedians' Comedian, Mayall was voted among the top 50 comedy performers of all time.,
2008, Mayall was awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters (DLitt) from the University of Exeter.
2010, poll, "Top 100 Stand-Up Comedians", Mayall was placed 91st.,
2014, on his death, The Guardian described Mayall as an actor whose "onscreen performances were so full of life. His characters weren't neatly drawn sketches: they were vast mad scribbles, jammed to the margins with noise and energy". Commenting of his role in the sitcom Blackadder, it noted, "Upstaging an entire fleet of world-class comedians should have been impossible. Mayall made it look effortless", and that he had replicated this success in his other best-known shows, by becoming the "face of the show" in The Young Ones and creating an "iconic" figure in The New Statesman character, Alan B'Stard.,
2014, as a tribute to Mayall, an unofficial blue plaque appeared in Hammersmith, London, which referenced the opening title sequence of BBC sitcom series Bottom. At the same time, an online petition was launched in an effort to persuade Hammersmith & Fulham Council to install a memorial bench on Hammersmith Broadway.,
A Kick Up the Eighties
Episode: "Autumn Cannibalism"
The Young Ones
The Black Adder
Episode: "The Black Seal"
The Comic Strip Presents...
Several episodes and specials (appears in 19 of the 41 episodes)
George's Marvellous Medicine
Sketches featuring The Dangerous Brothers
Filthy Rich & Catflap
Gertrude "Richie" Rich
The New Statesman
Alan Beresford B'Stard
Blackadder Goes Forth
Squadron leader Flashheart
Episode: "Private Plane"
Richard "Richie" Richard
Rik Mayall Presents
The World of Peter Rabbit and Friends
Tom Thumb (voice)
Episode: "The Tale of Two Bad Mice and Johnny Town-Mouse"
How to Be a Little Sod
Little Sod (voice)
The Canterville Ghost
Detective Inspector Gideon Pryke
Episode: "Black Canary" (Christmas Special)
Series 1 and 2 (of 3) only
Murder Rooms: The Dark Beginnings of Sherlock Holmes
Lt. Daniel Blaney
The White Knight Stratagem
Quadruple Professor Adonis Cnut
All 3 episodes (Discovery Channel)
All About George
Edwin the Eagle (voice)
King Arthur's Disasters
King Arthur (voice)
Episode: "Chimps Ahoy"
Agatha Christie's Marple
Episode: "Why Didn't They Ask Evans?"
Episode: "The Creeper"
Who Let The Dogs Out?
Detective Inspector Gideon Pryke
Episode: "The Clue Of The Savant's Thumb" (Easter Special)
Damo & Ivor
The Orchard End Murder
Eye of the Needle
An American Werewolf in London
Man in Pub
"Rest Home" Ricky
Specialist Catering Commander
Eat the Rich
Feature film from The Comic Strip Presents...
Drop Dead Fred
Drop Dead Fred
The Princess and the Goblin
Prince Froglip (voice)
Dubbed voice for the 1992 English language version
Carry On Columbus
The Snow Queen
The Robber King (voice)
The Wind in the Willows
Mr. Toad (voice)
The Willows in Winter
Mr. Toad (voice)
Bring Me the Head of Mavis Davis
Guest House Paradiso
A Monkey's Tale
Gerard the Gormless (voice)
Dubbed voice for the 2000 English language version
Blackadder: Back & Forth
Commissioned especially for showing in the Millennium Dome
merlin -the return
Jesus Christ Superstar
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
Cut from final edit of movie
Kevin of the North (a.k.a. Chilly Dogs)
Churchill: The Hollywood Years
Errors of the Human Body
De ontsnapping ("The Escape")
(Mayall died shortly after filming had finished)
The Comedy of Errors
Dromio of Syracuse
Performed at the Oxford Playhouse in Oxford
The Government Inspector
Performed at the National Theatre in London
The Common Pursuit
Performed at the Phoenix Theatre in London
Waiting for Godot
Performed at the Queen's Theatre in London
Richard "Richie" Richard
Recorded at the Mayflower Theatre in Southampton
Performed at the Guildford, Watford, Richmond and Albery Theatres
Bottom Live: The Big Number Two Tour
Richard "Richie" Richard
Recorded at the New Theatre in Oxford
Bottom Live 3: Hooligan's Island
Richard "Richie" Richard
Recorded at the Hippodrome in Bristol
A Family Affair
Performed at the Theatre Royal, Brighton
Bottom Live 2001: An Arse Oddity
Richard "Richie" Richard
Recorded at the Royal Concert Hall in Nottingham
Performed at the Theatre Royal, Bath
Bottom Live 2003: Weapons Grade Y-Fronts Tour
Richard "Richie" Richard
Recorded at the Cliffs Pavilion in Southend-on-Sea
The New Statesman
Performed at Trafalgar Studios, London
Hogs of War
General I.P Grimly/All the pigs
Grim Tales (1992),
More Brothers Grimm Fairy Tales (1992),
The Sound of Trumpets (1999),
How the Grinch Stole Christmas (1999),
The Dr. Seuss Collection (2000),
Decline and Fall (2006),
High Society (2007),
The Silver Spoon of Solomon Snow (2008),
I Tell You It's Burt Reynolds (2009),
Cutey and the Sofaguard (2010),
The Last Hurrah (2012),
Awards and nominations:
1993 - British Comedy Award for Best TV Comedy Actor - won,
1997 - Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance - won