Richard Poole (1783 - 1871) was a Scottish physician, psychiatrist, and phrenologist.
Poole was born in Edinburgh, though from an English background. He graduated M.D. at the University of St Andrews in 1805. He was editor of the New Edinburgh Review (19th century)|New Edinburgh Review, and published articles promoting phrenology in it, in the early 1820s; it existed 1821 to 1823. Poole was also first editor of the Phrenological Journal. Poole joined the editorial staff of the Encyclopædia Edinensis under James Millar.
From 1820 Poole campaigned for a new infirmary in Edinburgh. In 1825 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. In the late 1830s he was a pioneer advocate of mental health reform, and in 1838 he became superintendent of the Montrose Asylum, succeeding W. A. F. Browne. He remained at Montrose until 1845. He then kept a private asylum at Middlefield, Aberdeenshire.
Poole died at Coupar Angus.
An Essay on Education (1825). In this work, from the Encyclopædia Edinensis, Poole acknowledges help in early life from Archibald Alison. He advocated education in cases of mental retardation.,
A Letter to Andrew Duncan, Senior, M.D. ... Regarding the Establishment of a New Infirmary (1825). Pamphlet addressed to Andrew Duncan, the elder on the infirmary question; Duncan replied to the agitation for a new infirmary in a letter to William Fettes.,
Report on Examination of Medical Practitioners (1833),
Memoranda regarding the Royal Lunatic Asylum, Infirmary, and Dispensary, of Montrose (1841),
He is credited with dramas, including "Willie Armstrong" performed in Edinburgh in 1829.
Poole also wrote for the Edinburgh Encyclopædia and Encyclopædia Britannica. A list of publications appeared in Scottish Notes and Queries.
An epitaph gives Jane Caird as Poole's wife; it also records his dates as 1781 to 1870. Their children included Samuel Wordsworth Poole, a physician and episcopal clergyman.
^ Roger Cooter (1984). The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organization of Consent in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge University Press. p. 314 note 66. ISBN 978-0-521-22743-8. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Roger Cooter (1984). The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organization of Consent in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-521-22743-8. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ UM-MEDSEARCH Gateway (1870). The Lancet. J. Onwhyn. pp. 467-8. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Hewett Cottrell Watson (1836). Statistics of phrenology: being a sketch of the progress and present state of that science in the British Islands. p. 194. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ James J. Sack (27 May 1993). From Jacobite to Conservative: Reaction and Orthodoxy in Britain, C. 1760-1832. Cambridge University Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-521-43266-5. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ http://www.deepdyve.com/lp/pubmed-central/phrenology-and-british-alienists-c-1825-1845-part-i-converts-to-a-Z0fYl0MyTV at p. 5 or 6.,
^ James Millar, Encyclopedia Edinensis; or, Dictionary of arts, sciences, and literature vol. 1 (1827), p. vi; archive.org.,
^ Charles W. J. Withers (4 October 2001). Geography, Science and National Identity: Scotland Since 1520. Cambridge University Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-521-64202-6. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2629162/ note 96,
^ Richard Poole (1825). An essay on education, applicable to children in general;.. Waugh and Innes. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Journal of psychological medicine. 1855. p. 587. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Richard Poole; Andrew Duncan (1825). A Letter to Andrew Duncan, Senior, M.D. ... Regarding the Establishment of a New Infirmary. Archibald Constable. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ The Lancet. Elsevier. 1827. pp. 416-8. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Richard Poole (1841). Memoranda regarding the Royal Lunatic Asylum, Infirmary, and Dispensary, of Montrose. J. & D. Nichol. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Ralston Inglis (1868). The Dramatic Writers of Scotland. G.D. Mackellar. pp. 95-. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ Percy Bysshe Shelley (1829). The Edinburgh literary journal: or, Weekly register of criticism and belles lettres. Ballantyne. p. 42. Retrieved 19 May 2012. ,
^ John Bulloch, John Alexander Henderson (editors), Scottish Notes and Queries (1888), p. 40; archive.org.,
^ Alexander Macdonald Munro, Records of Old Aberdeen vol. 2 (1909), p. 248; archive.org.,
^ David M. Bertie (2000). Scottish Episcopal Clergy, 1689-2000. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 403. ISBN 978-0-567-08746-1. Retrieved 20 May 2012. ,
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