The Orquesta Nacional de España (Spanish National Orchestra) is a symphonic orchestra that is based in Madrid, Spain.
2 Principal conductors,
3 See also,
5 External links,
Although working since in 1937 during the Spanish civil war, the orchestra was legally founded in 1940, by the merging of Perez Casas' Filarmónica and the Orquesta Sinfónica of Enrique Fernández Arbós.
The first official concert of the newly founded orchestra was in March 1941 at the Teatro Maria Guerrero in Madrid conducted by the Portuguese conductor Luís de Freitas Branco. The principal conductors of these first years of the orchestra were Ernesto Halffter, José María Franco, Enrique Jordá, Eduard Toldrà and Jesús Arámbarri, until the designation of the first principal conductor of the orchestra, Bartolomé Pérez Casas. After his death the new principal conductor was Ataúlfo Argenta, who was in the orchestra from 1945 as the keyboard instruments player.
Bartolomé Pérez Casas (1942-1947),
Ataúlfo Argenta (1947-1958),
Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos (1962-1978),
Antoni Ros-Marbà (1978-1981),
Jesús López-Cobos (1984-1989),
Aldo Ceccato (1991-1994),
Josep Pons (2003-)
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