Winona Kapuailohiamanonokalani Desha Beamer (1923-2008) was a champion of authentic and ancient Hawaiian culture, publishing many books, musical scores, as well as audio and video recordings on the subject. In her home state, she was known as Auntie Nona. She was an early proponent of the ancient form of the hula being perpetuated through teaching and public performances. Beamer was the granddaughter of Helen Desha Beamer. A cousin to Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame inductee Mahi Beamer, she teamed with him and her brother Keola to form a touring North American troupe performing ancient hula and the Hawaiian art of storytelling. She was a teacher at Kamehameha Schools for almost 40 years, but was expelled from that same school as a student in 1937 for dancing the standing hula. Beamer's sons Keola and Kapono are established performers in the Hawaiian music scene. She ran a Waikiki hula studio for three decades. In 1997--indignant at proposals to cut Hawaiian curriculum from Kamehameha Schools--Beamer became the catalyst for public protest and legal investigation into Bishop Estate management, which led to the removal or resignation of trustees.
Early life and background:
She was born Winona Kapuailohiamanonokalani Desha Beamer to Pono Beamer and his wife Louise on August 15, 1923, in Honolulu, United States Territory of Hawaii.. Much of her early life was spent on the island of Hawaii, under the influence and tutelage of her grandmother Helen Desha Beamer. As the cultural influence of the United States influence was felt on the territory, Beamer began to gravitate towards Hawaii's cultural heritage. Before she was a teenager, Beamer was composing meles by adding melodies to ancient chants. An anthropologist by education, she attended Colorado Women's College, Barnard College and Columbia University. Beamer is credited with coining the term "Hawaiiana" as early as 1948. In 1949, she became a high school instructor of Hawaiian culture at Kamehameha Schools and remained in that position for almost 40 years.
She became known as Auntie Nona in Hawaii and was a champion of teaching authentic Hawaiian culture. In the course of her life, she published multiple books, music scores, and audio and video recordings. In 1983, she and Richard Towill formed Ka Himeni Ana to encourage participation in authentic Hawaiian music.
The hula and Hawaiian storytelling:
Although she eventually graduated from Kamehameha Schools, Beamer was briefly expelled in 1937 for performing a standing hula. When Kamehameha Schools was established through the 1883 will of Bernice Pauahi Bishop, the original trustees of the Bishop Estate were Charles R. Bishop, Charles McEwen Hyde, Samuel M. Damon, Charles Montague Cooke and William Owen Smith, who were either missionaries themselves or had ties to those in the profession. They found the hula too suggestive and offensive and banned it from being performed at the school. The standing hula was not allowed to be performed on campus until the 1960s.
At about age three, Beamer was taught the hula by her grandmother Helen Desha Beamer. She ran her mother Louise's Waikiki hula studio for three decades She was a pivotal influence in reviving the art of the ancient hula, in the face of a more commercialized version invented for the tourism trade in Hawaii. Beamer and her cousin Mahi Beamer and her brother Keola formed their own touring North American dance troupe to promote authenticity of the ancient hula and the Hawaiian art of storytelling. The storytelling culture of Hawaii was entertainment in the royal courts and the private homes of the ancient Hawaiians. It also became in the era before the written word the method of preserving the histories, genealogies and mythologies of the Hawaiian people.
Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate trustee controversy:
For more details on this topic, see Kamehameha_Schools § Reorganization.
Beamer became the catalyst for a groundswell that led to an investigation of the Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate trust. She was the Hawaiian culture instructor at the school, and the trustees threatened to cut the curriculum. She began with a May 1997 letter to the Hawaii Supreme Court, expressing her concerns and asking for the resignation of trustee Lokelani Lindsey. Her letter resulted in a public outcry over the management of the estate trust. In November 1997, Beamer joined Isabella Aiona Abbott, Gladys A. Brandt, Roderick F. McPhee and Winona Ellis Rubin in releasing a public statement calling for the removal of Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate trustee Lokelani Lindsey. The statement was published in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin as part of its coverage of the investigation into the management of the trust. The investigation led to a reorganization of the trust, and the resignation of Lindsey.
Beamer moved to Lahaina on the island of Maui in 2006. On April 11, 2008, she died in her sleep in Lahaina. She was survived by her musician sons Keola and Kapono,Her only grandchild Kamana Beamer, and two Hānai (adopted, extended family) children, a daughter Maile Loo Beamer and a son Kaliko Beamer-Trapp.
Bibloography, discography and filmography:
Beamer, Winona (1976). Nā Hula O Hawaiʻi : the songs and dances of the Beamer family. Norfolk Island, Australia: Island Heritage. , OCLC 7115723,
Beamer, Winona Desha; Kahalewai, Marilyn (1984). Talking Story with Nona Beamer : Stories of a Hawaiian Family. Bess Press. ISBN 978-0-935848-20-5. , OCLC 11505946,
Beamer, Winona Desha (1985). Hawaiian Nula Chants. Beamer Hawaiīana. , OCLC 19666351,
Beamer, Winona Desha (1987). Nā Mele Hula : a Collection of Hawaiian Hula Chants. Institute for Polynesian Studies, Brigham Young University--Hawaii Campus. ISBN 978-0-939154-42-5. OCLC 228665439. ,
Beamer, Winona D. (1987). Nā Mele Hula 1. Inst. for Polynesian Studies, Brigham Young Univ. ISBN 978-0-939154-42-5. OCLC 180443309. ,
Beamer, Winona Desha; Chu, Leona (1988). Hula ʻauana Index : as Taught by the Beamer Family. OCLC 63704078. ,
Beamer, Winona; Ching, Patrick (1990). Helu Papa : Counting in Hawaiian, with Pī'a pā Alphabet. Hawaiian Resources Co. ISBN 978-0-9627294-0-9. OCLC 24567417. ,
Beamer, Winona Desha; Cook, Mauliola; Trapp, S. Kaliko Beamer; Hewetson, Roy; Nishimitsu, Pōhaku (2001). Nā Mele Hula. Volume 2 : Hawaiian Hula Rituals and Chants. nstitute for Polynesian Studies. ISBN 978-0-939154-57-9. OCLC 51862208. ,
Beamer, Winona Desha; Loebel-Fried, Caren; Beamer-Trapp, Kaliko (2005). Pua Polū, the Pretty Blue Flower. Kamahoi Press. ISBN 978-1-58178-041-3. OCLC 60589985. ,
Beamer, Nona; Caren Loebel-Fried; Kaliko Beamer-Trapp; Keola Beamer (2008). Naupaka. Kamahoi Press. ISBN 978-1-58178-089-5. OCLC 742304154. ,
Songs for Hawaiʻi's Sunbeamers (1980-1981) Beamer Hawaiʻiana, Winona Desha Beamer, OCLC 16413868,
Traditional Chants and Hulas (1982) Beamer Hawaiʻiana, Winona Desha Beamer, Keʻala Brunke OCLC 8804499,
Na Mele Hula. : a Collection of 33 Hula Chants (1987) Institute for Polynesian Studies, Brigham Young University, Hawaiʻi Campus ; Honolulu, Hawaii : Distributed for the Institute for Polynesian Studies by the University of Hawaii Press, Winona Desha Beamer ISBN 978-0-939154-57-9 OCLC 15656909,
"Songs for keikis (children)" (date unknown) Waikiki Records, 45 RPM, Winona Desha Beamer, Pauline Kekahuna, Hauoli Girls, OCLC 663116196,
Nona Beamer (1972) Custom Fidelity, LP, Winona Desha Beamer, OCLC 28675755,
The Menehune of Hawaii : the little people of Hawaiian legend (1982) Kalmar Records, LP, Winona Desha Beamer, Doug Hodge, OCLC 30931005,
Ancient Hawaiian Musical Instruments (1982) Kalmar Records, LP, Winona Desha Beamer OCLC 17312777,
Na Mele Hula. : Volume 1 a Collection of 33 Hula Chants (1987) Beamer Hawaiʻiana, Audio cassette tape, Winona Desha Beamer, OCLC 456103769,
Beamer, Winona Desha (1996). "The Golden Lehua Tree : Stories and Music from the Heart of Hawaii's Beamer Family" (Audio book). Starscape Music. OCLC 37274417. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Hawaii 98 (1998) MGC Record, Compilation CD, Winona Desha Beamer and various artists OCLC 663113430,
Beamer, Winona Desha (2001). Nā Mele Hula. : Volume 2 : Hawaiian Hula Rituals and Chants (Audio book). nstitute for Polynesian Studies. ISBN 978-0-939154-57-9. OCLC 55641229. ,
Island dreams (2004) Koto World, LP, Winona Desha Beamer, Dragonfly OCLC 56762637,
We are ʻohana : Songs of Hope (2004) Winona Desha Beamer, Kaliko Beamer-Trapp, James McWhinney, Bruddah Kuz, Damon Williams, Faith Rivera, Rupert Tripp, Jr, Keola Beamer, Glynn Motoishi, Howard Shapiro OCLC 62523751,
Beamer, Winona Desha; Vaughan, Palani ; Zinn, Elaine; Tibbetts Jr., Richard J.(Director, writer, editor) (1986). "The Hawaiian Quilt : a Cherished Tradition" (VHS). Hawaii Craftsmen. OCLC 25320697. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Glaser, Gaye; Hamasaki, Doug (Producer); Hewitt, Jim (Director) (1987). "Hoʻolako 1987 : Celebrate the Hawaiian." (VHS). Oceanic Cable Community Programming Center. OCLC 663660700. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona; Lindsey, Joan; Roes, Carol; Danuser, B. Kamaile (Host); Thompson, Sammie (Director); Fujimoto, Keoho (Script) (1987). "Songs That Teach" (VHS). Hawaiian Professional Songwriters' Society. OCLC 663146342. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha (Narrator); Kenney, Ed (Narrator); Wentzel, Stan (Director and Writer); Arnone, Phil (Exec. Producer); Pennybacker, Robert (Director) (1988). "Pele : the Fire Within." (VHS). Lee Enterprises; KGMB (Television station : Honolulu, Hawaii). OCLC 663112608. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha (1991). "Ke Ao nani (instruments)" (VHS). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 663148741. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha (1991). "Laupāhoehoe" (VHS). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 28819562. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha (1991). "Molokaʻi Trilogy : Three Hulas of Molokaʻi" (VHS). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 663146822. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Beamer, Louise Leiomalama (1991). "Hawaiʻian Storytelling with the Beamer Family" (VHS). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 28822579. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Beamer, Myrtle Kaʻuinohea (1991). "Mi nei" (VHS). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 663146910. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha (1991). "Liliʻu e (Queen's hula) : he inoa nō Liliʻu" (VHS). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 663147805. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha (1991). "Liliʻuokalani (ʻōlapa chant hula)" (VHA). Beamer Hawaiʻiana. OCLC 663147811. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Beamer, Keola; Beamer, Kapono; Beamer, Kamana; Sorensen, Scott Eilif (Producer-Director) (1996). "Nona Beamer and Her Family : a Century of Songs Celebrating Hawaiian Culture" (VHS). Spectrum Hawaii-KHET TV, Honolulu. OCLC 663453272. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha and various others (1997). "Bishop Estate : Promises to Keep" (VHS). KGMB. OCLC 663113482. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Beamer, Keola; Beamer, Moanalani (1991). "Keola Beamer, Moanalani Beamer, Nona Beamer" (VHS). KHET-TV. OCLC 663398886. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha and other performers (2002). "Hiʻiaka, Lohiʻau & the Five Maile Sisters" (DVD). Storybook Theatre of Hawaiʻi. OCLC 754971845. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Park, Puluʻelo; Loo, Maile; Loo, Maile (2001). "Voices of our kūpuna : World Conference on Hula, Hilo, Hawaiʻi, July 30, 2001" (VHS). Nā Maka o ka ʻĀina. OCLC 54110238. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Jeffers, Mark (Executive director);Zelkovsky, Robert A. (editing) (2003). "Queen Emmalani : a Hawaiian Story" (Videodisc). Storybook Theatre of Hawaiʻi,. OCLC 253719215. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona Desha; Takamine, Vicky; Loo, Maile (2004). "Nona Beamer and Maile Loo Talk About Hula : March 9, 2004." (VHS). Hula Preservation Society; UH Manoa Department of Theatre and Dance. OCLC 318076932. Missing or empty |url= (help),
Beamer, Winona and others (2001). "Kona Hema = South Kona" (DVD). Nā Maka o ka ʻĀina. OCLC 318076963. Missing or empty |url= (help)