Republic of New Granada, República de la Nueva Granada
Coat of arms
Motto, Libertad y Orden,
(English: Liberty and Order)
Republic of the New Granada
Santa Fé de Bogotá
October 20, 1831
Bill of rights¹
April 11, 1858
Today part of
Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
¹ Abolition of slavery, and suffrage to all males over 21.
The Republic of New Granada was a centralist republic consisting primarily of present-day Colombia and Panama with smaller portions of today's Ecuador, and Venezuela. It was created after the dissolution in 1830 of Gran Colombia.
Colombian Constitution of 1832:
One of the prime features of the political climate of the republic was the position of the Catholic Church and the level of autonomy for the federal states. In 1839, dispute arose over the shutting down of monasteries by the Congress of New Granada. This soon escalated into the War of the Supremes, which raged for the next two years and transformed into a conflict about regional autonomy.
New Granada was transformed in 1858 to the Granadine Confederation as an answer to demands for a decentralized country.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provinces_of_the_Republic_of_New_Granada
The territory of the Republic was divided into provinces. Each province was composed of one or more cantons, each canton was divided into several districts parish.
Likewise, the Republic covered some territories in the peripheries of the country.