For the archaeological site, see Nazca Lines. For the culture it belonged to, see Nazca culture. For other uses, see Nazca (disambiguation).
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Nazca Main Square Garden, at night
Coordinates: 14°49′44″S 74°56′37″W / 14.82889°S 74.94361°W / -14.82889; -74.94361
520 m (1,710 ft)
Nazca (sometimes spelled Nasca) is a city and a system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru, and the name of the region's largest existing town in the Nazca Province. It is also the name applied to the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 100 BC and AD 800. They were responsible for the Nazca Lines and the ceremonial city of Cahuachi; they also constructed an impressive system of underground aqueducts named Puquios, that still function today.
The city of Nazca is capital of the Nazca Province of the Ica District Ica region.
On 12 November 1996 at 11:59 a.m. local time (16:59 GMT time) a heavy earthquake of 6.4 (the center of the earthquake was 7.7 in the sea) destroyed the city of Nasca and its surroundings almost completely. Because it occurred during the day there were only 17 fatalities, but 1,500 people were injured and around 100,000 left homeless. Almost all old houses in bricks were destroyed, but within 12 years Nasca has been completely rebuilt in colored houses with columns, now often multi-stored houses, with a small boulevard in the center.
Since 1997, Nazca has been the location of a major Canadian gold mining operation. The people who were living on the land for the previous 2000 years did not have title to the land, so they were displaced without legal problems. Since then, there have been some attempts to legalize poor citizens' ownership of their land and their fixed property, in response to Hernando de Soto's research on the poor.
3 Nazca lines,
Nazca is one of the driest places in the world with average annual precipitation up to a meager 4 millimeters. Nazca's weather is controlled by the Humboldt Current which carries water from Antarctica up the west coast of South America.
This cold ocean water cools the marine air and limits the accumulation of moisture within clouds, as a result though clouds and fog are able to form there is little rain and the region is exceptionally arid.
Unlike Cuzco, Nazca temperatures range from 10˚ C to 32 ˚ C with an average daily high of 21˚ Celsius. Summers months (November to March) are characteristically dry, sunny, and hot, when it is normally raining in Cusco. During the winter (June to August) fog from the coast rolls over the hills to keep temperatures in the moderate range, however the intense sun makes daylight hours seem warmer than the registered temperature.
Climate data for Nazca
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Precipitation mm (inches)
There are two versions of the Spanish foundation. According to the writings of chroniclers, it was founded on October 28, 1548, commissioned by Pedro de la Gasca peacemaker by Alonso de Mendoza. The other version says that it was founded by Viceroy García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete, in 1591.
Nasca was also known for producing a grape brandy, similar to pisco consumption intended for slaves, and the local people called it Nazca. It also said there was the first grape brandy (pisco) at Hacienda Cahuachi for African American slave owners of this estate.
In colonial history, there were farms as the Ingenio San Juan and San Javier property of the Jesuit College of Cuzco, which were made of wood carving works, grape cultivation, wine processing for Catholic worship, and two beautiful churches in these places. In 1767 the expulsion edict of King Charles III of Spain, these properties were available to the Crown, and owned by a comendero.
Nazca Patriots received the Liberating Expedition of General Don Jose de San Martin on October 14, 1820 after the Battle of Nasca escape. Two days earlier, on October 12 General Juan Antonio Álvarez de Arenales, from Ica, was sent to the South, in pursuit of the royalist troops of Colonel Manuel Quimper getaways from Ica, in its second and chief of staff of the Division de la Sierra, the Argentine Manuel Rojas Argerich Lieutenant Colonel in command of 250 men: 110 infantry and 140 cavalry.
The town of Nasca was established an August 29, 1821, after that on July 2, 1855 it was elevated to district and then it became province on January 23, 1941.
Nasca, is as it is called today, is a dry, why in time of the Incas was a formidable work of hydraulic engineering, water trayento Heights in underground branches, called aqueducts, which serve to present, to irrigate farmland and for home use.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazca_Lines
The Nazca culture is famous for their desert line drawings. On the ground level they cannot be discerned, but from a higher elevation they form coherent nature drawings, usually of animals.Nazca lines are geometric shapes kilometers of lines and large drawings of animal figures (some as big as a football field), built on the desert floor.
Nazca has a small airport, the Maria Reiche Neuman Airport, used mainly for touristic flights over the Nazca lines.
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