"Substitute" is a song by the Who written by Pete Townshend. It was released as a single in March 1966, when it reached number 5 in the UK, and was later included on the compilation album Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy in 1971. It became a UK top ten hit again when re-issued in 1976, reaching number 7. In 2006, it was listed at #91 in Pitchfork's list of the 200 greatest songs of the 1960s.
The song is a fan favourite and was played at almost every concert that the Who performed; "Substitute", along with "I Can't Explain" in either order, have served as the Who's opening numbers since 1971. It appears on the Live at Leeds album as well as Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970. On the album Live at Leeds, Townshend comments about the song by saying:
We'd like to play three selected hit singles--three easiest--uh, there's "Substitute", which we like (crowd cheers). Thank You. That was our first number four (crowd laughs)...
Keith Moon recalled in an 1978 interview, shown on an episode of VH1's Behind the Music:
I don't remember playing 'Substitute' at all, I was too stoned, and when it came out, I accused the other members of the group of getting another drummer in!
For the American release of the single in April 1966, the lyric "I look all white but my dad was black" was changed to "I try going forward but my feet walk back". Although some suggested that the US single version is a completely different performance, the US version is a simple edit: the UK vocal track was removed for the new vocal part, after which the second verse was cut out, making it much shorter in length. The US single was released on CD in 2002 on a 4-track bonus disc included with the first issues of The Who: The Ultimate Collection.
The US B-side (and subsequent UK B side), "Waltz for a Pig", was an instrumental performed not by the Who but by The Graham Bond Organisation.
The single is the only one issued on US ATCO (45-6409) through their relationship with Polydor. Oddly, ATCO reissued the single 100 numbers later as 45-6509. Neither version charted.
Punk rock group The Ramones recorded a cover the song, which featured backing vocals by Pete Townshend, on their 1994 album Acid Eaters.
A version of the song was released as a single by the Sex Pistols.
English rock band Blur covered the song in a 1994 tribute album to the Who called Who Covers Who?
The Stereophonics recorded a cover version "Substitute".
Heavy metal band Great White covered the song.
English "progressive" rock band Marillion did a cover of the song for a fans only CD.
The song was played as a collaboration between Silverchair and Powderfinger at the end of their concerts on the Across the Great Divide Tour.
In the Season 14 episode of South Park, "Poor and Stupid", Eric Cartman references the song when he says that he "wasn't born with a plastic spoon in his mouth"
The Litter's Distortions album includes a version of "Substitute".
Text from this biography licensed under creative commons license