Persistence of Time
Studio album by Anthrax
August 21, 1990
A&M Studios and Conway Studios, Hollywood, California,
Soundtrack Studios, New York City,
November 1989-February 1990
Anthrax, Mark Dodson, Jon Zazula, Marsha Zazula
State of Euphoria,
Persistence of Time,
Sound of White Noise,
Singles from Persistence of Time
"Got the Time",
Released: 1990 (1990),
"In My World",
Released: 1990 (1990),
Persistence of Time is the fifth studio album by the American thrash metal band Anthrax. It was released on August 21, 1990 through Megaforce Worldwide/Island Records and was nominated in 1991 for a Grammy Award in the Best Metal Performance category. The album included the singles, "Got the Time" (a Joe Jackson cover) and "In My World" (which was performed by the band on the Married... with Children episode, "My Dinner with Anthrax"). Persistence of Time was the last full Anthrax album to feature vocalist Joey Belladonna until 2011's Worship Music.
1 Album information,
3 Track listing,
Anthrax returned to the studio in the fall of 1989 with Mark Dodson (who produced the previous album, State of Euphoria) to start work on their fifth album. Recording of the album was difficult, with a large structure fire causing the band to lose more than $100,000 worth of gear and their recording studio on 24 January 1990. Following this disaster, the band moved to a different studio in late February of that year to finish work on the album.
The album's tone is decidedly more contemplative and mature than the bulk of Anthrax's previous work. Abandoning the humor and comic book references which were common on their previous albums, the lyrical focus of Persistence of Time is the need for tolerance and peace. Reaction to Persistence of Time was mixed, with critics and fans alternately panning and praising this darker sound. The band also introduced a progressive side of the music which had not been present in their earlier work, while also placing a reduced emphasis on typical thrash metal elements such as fast tempo and aggression.
This is the last full studio album to feature Joey Belladonna on vocals before John Bush took over vocal duties. He appeared on several songs on the 1991 EP Attack of the Killer B's before splitting acrimoniously from the band in 1992. Belladonna returned to Anthrax in June 2010 to record the album Worship Music released in 2011.
The introduction to the instrumental song "Intro to Reality" featured dialogue from an episode of The Twilight Zone called "Deaths-Head Revisited". "Keep It in the Family", "In My World", and "Belly of the Beast" were later re-recorded with the John Bush/Rob Caggiano line-up for the album The Greater of Two Evils.
Persistence of Time highest position on the Billboard 200 chart was No. 24. It was certified gold by the RIAA on January 17, 1991.
Steve Huey of Allmusic gave the album a favorable review, saying that it "rivals Among the Living as Anthrax's best album". "The more cartoonish side of the band" is substituted by a "dark, uncompromising examination of society's dirty underbelly", which makes Persistence of Time "their most lyrically consistent album". Kim Neely of the American magazine Rolling Stone underlines the social tone of the lyrics and describes Persistence of Time as "a foray into the dreary, gray bowels of urban hell", praising singer Joey Belladonna for "railing against every societal ill known to city-bred man". He concludes saying that the album "ain't the most uplifting thing to listen to, but it's real." A similar concept was explained by a review by The New York Times of 18 November 1990 which said that "the music carries the exhilaration of a desperate struggle." The Italian critic Piero Scaruffi acknowleledges that the band had still something new to say, but reviews the album as "mediocre". As of 2006, Persistence of Time had sold over 275,000 copies in the U.S since the beginning of the SoundScan era, bringing the total sales numbers to over 775,000 copies in the U.S.
All songs written and composed by Anthrax except "Got the Time" by Joe Jackson.
"Keep It in the Family"
"In My World"
"Intro to Reality" (Instrumental)
"Belly of the Beast"
"Got the Time" (Joe Jackson cover)
"One Man Stands"
Japanese edition bonus track
"Protest and Survive" (Discharge cover)
Garry Maloney, Tony "Bones" Roberts, Roy "Rainy" Wainwright, Kelvin "Cal" Morris
Joey Belladonna - vocals,
Dan Spitz - lead guitar,
Scott Ian - rhythm guitar, lead guitar on "Got the Time", harmony guitar on "Intro to Reality", vocal intro on "In My World", lead vocals on "Protest and Survive",
Frank Bello - bass,
Charlie Benante - drums, harmony guitar on "Intro to Reality",
Anthrax - producer, liner notes,
Mark Dodson - producer, basic tracks engineer,
Steve Thompson, Michael Barbiero - mixing at Electric Lady Studios, New York,
Greg Goldman, Brian Schueble, Marnie Bryant, Ed Korengo - assistant engineers,
Bob Ludwig - mastering at Masterdisk, New York,
Jon and Marsha Zazula - executive producers, management,
Don Brautigam - artwork,
Waring Abbott - photography,
Rick Downey - lighting, management,
George Geranios - sound,
Paul Crook - lead guitar tech,
Bill Pulaski - band,
Mike Tempesta - rhythm guitar tech,
Troy Boyer - bass tech,
Walter Gemenhardt - drum tech,
Art Ring, Maria Ferrero - management