For the town in Morocco see Iche, Morocco
René Iché (21 January 1897 - 23 December 1954) was a 20th-century French sculptor.
1 Life and work,
3 See also,
5 External links,
Life and work:
René Iché was born in Sallèles-d'Aude, France. He fought in World War I, where he was injured and gassed. After the war, graduated in law, he changed his life and studied sculpture with Antoine Bourdelle and architecture with Auguste Perret. In 1927, his pacific monument of Ouveillan (a Monumental Modern portic in the South of France) was very appreciated. During his first solo exhibition, at the art dealer Léopold Zborowski in 1931, two sculptures were acquired by the Musée national d'art moderne in Paris (now in the Centre Pompidou) and the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam.
Iché was a very good friend of Max Jacob, close to Guillaume Apollinaire, Picasso, Jacques Lipchitz, Zadkine and a childhood friend of Joe Bousquet. He sculpted the faces of André Breton,Paul Éluard and Federico García Lorca.
In his studio of Montparnasse, in 1937, he executed a Guernica sculpture on the day (27 April 1937) of the announcement of this event on the radio station and didn't wish to exhibit before.
He was amongst one of the 200 pioneers of the French Resistance - he was in the Groupe du musée de l'Homme - during the summer of 1940 and participated at the Degenerate art exhibitions. He sculpted so La Déchirée (The Torn), which was brought to London and given to General Charles de Gaulle, became one of the symbols of the French Resistance.
He participated at the Venice Biennale in 1948 with Le Couple (Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris) and received the Grand Prix de Sculpture in 1953 for Melpomène 36. He was chosen to sculpt the Apollinaire Monument in Paris and an Auschwitz' Memorial in Poland, but both projects were interrupted by his premature death in Paris.
Iché's work is close to surrealism and like the sculptors Alberto Giacometti and Germaine Richier inherits an aesthetic born from the workshop of Antoine Bourdelle.
On the manure of the Millennia after geogical cataclysms and warlike disasters, only the statues will remain.
-- René Iché
Jean-Pierre Melville's film Army of Shadows (L'Armée des ombres, 1969) is based, like the novel of Joseph Kessel, on the Resistance network, where Iché participated: Cohors-Asturies. The character of Luc Jardie (Paul Meurisse) is inspired by Iché.