For other uses, see Ibis (disambiguation).
Threskiornithinae, Poche, 1904
The ibises (collective plural ibis; classical plurals ibides and ibes) are a group of long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae.
They all have long, down-curved bills, and usually feed as a group, probing mud for food items, usually crustaceans. Most species nest in trees, often with spoonbills or herons.
The word ibis comes from Greek and Latin, and probably from Ancient Egypt.
1 Species in taxonomic order,
2 In culture,
3 Species images,
5 External links,
Species in taxonomic order:
There are 28 extant species and 2 extinct species of ibis.
African Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis aethiopicus,
Malagasy Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis bernieri,
†Reunion Ibis, Threskiornis solitarius (extinct),
Black-headed Ibis, Threskiornis melanocephalus,
Australian White Ibis, Threskiornis molucca,
Straw-necked Ibis, Threskiornis spinicollis,
Red-naped Ibis, Pseudibis papillosa,
White-shouldered Ibis, Pseudibis davisoni,
Giant Ibis, Pseudibis gigantea,
Northern Bald Ibis, Geronticus eremita,
Southern Bald Ibis, Geronticus calvus,
Crested Ibis, Nipponia nippon,
Olive Ibis, Bostrychia olivacea,
Sao Tome Ibis, Bostrychia bocagei,
Spot-breasted Ibis, Bostrychia rara,
Hadada Ibis, Bostrychia hagedash,
Wattled Ibis, Bostrychia carunculata,
Plumbeous Ibis, Theristicus caerulescens,
Buff-necked Ibis, Theristicus caudatus,
Black-faced Ibis, Theristicus melanopis,
Sharp-tailed Ibis, Cercibis oxycerca,
Green Ibis, Mesembrinibis cayennensis,
Bare-faced Ibis, Phimosus infuscatus,
American White Ibis, Eudocimus albus,
Scarlet Ibis, Eudocimus ruber,
Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus,
White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi,
Puna Ibis, Plegadis ridgwayi,
Madagascar Ibis, Lophotibis cristata,
An extinct species, the Jamaican Ibis or Clubbed-wing Ibis (Xenicibis xympithecus) was uniquely characterized by its club-like wings.
The African Sacred Ibis was an object of religious veneration in ancient Egypt, particularly associated with the deity Djehuty or otherwise commonly referred to in Greek as Thoth. He is responsible for writing, mathematics, measurement and time as well as the moon and magic. In artworks of the Late Period of Ancient Egypt, Thoth is popularly depicted as an ibis-headed man while consumed in the act of writing.
At the town of Hermopolis, ibises were reared specifically for sacrificial purposes and in the Serapeum at Saqqara, archaeologists found the mummies of one and a half million ibises and hundreds of thousands of falcons.
According to local legend in the Birecik area, the Northern Bald Ibis was one of the first birds that Noah released from the Ark as a symbol of fertility, and a lingering religious sentiment in Turkey helped the colonies there to survive long after the demise of the species in Europe.
The mascot of the University of Miami is an American White Ibis. The ibis was selected as the school mascot because of its legendary bravery during hurricanes. According to legend, the ibis is the last sign of wildlife to take shelter before a hurricane hits and the first to reappear once the storm has passed.
A short story "The Scarlet Ibis" by James Hurst uses the sable-hued bird as foreshadowing for a character's death and as the primary symbol.
The African Sacred Ibis is the unit symbol of the Israeli Special Forces unit known as Unit 212 or Maglan in Hebrew: מגלן.
Moses used the Ibis to help him defeat the Ethiopians.
African Sacred Ibis
Australian White Ibis
American White Ibis
Northern Bald Ibis