For the arguments in political science theory, see greed versus grievance. For issues related to labour disputes, see Grievance (labour).
In general, grievance (from class. lat. gravis - heavy) is a wrong or hardship suffered, whether real or supposed, which forms legitimate grounds of complaint. In the past, the word meant oppressive state of things.
History and politics:
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The revolt of English barons in the early thirteenth century which led to the Magna Carta of 1215 was partly motivated by grievances against abuses by King John. This right to Petition the king, for grievances, was affirmed in the Bill of Rights 1689
The United States Declaration of Independence is mainly an enumeration of the colonists' grievances against King George III. Margaret was asked in the compromise to make an end of the inquisition and call states general to discuss their grievances.