Ghulam Mustafa Durrani, often abbreviated as G. M. Durrani (1919 - 8 September 1988) (Hindi: ग़ुलाम मुस्तफ़ा दुर्रानी, Urdu: درانى مصطفى غلام, Pashto: دراني مصطفی غلام, Punjabi: ਗੁਲਾਮ ਮੁਸਤਫਾ ਦੁੱਰਾਨੀ) was a popular and legendaryIndian playback singer, actor and music director.
To his credit, He tried to make his own identity as a playback singer and not try to follow the K. L. Saigal type of singing. G. M. Durrani was notable for Sad songs, Romantic songs, Patriotic songs, Quran Khani, Qawwalis, Ghazals and Bhajans. He was also one of the first Muslim singers to get to sing Hindu Devotionals. G. M. Durrani was also the most senior Punjabi singer-actor at that time after K. L. Saigal.
He was Radio Drama Artist and full-time Singer of Lahore station, Delhi station and Mumbai station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). His native language was Pashto but he had a strong command over Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi. He sang in many Indian languages including Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Pashto language in Indian movies in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. After the 50s Durrani sang very few songs. Durrani was the disciple of legendary Radio broadcaster Baba-e-Nasharayat (Father of Broadcasting) Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari.
Ghulam Mustafa Durrani was born in Peshawar, British India in 1919. He was a Pathan (Pashtuns) and belonged to the Mohammad Zahid Durrani Kabila. His was from a conservative family where even tea was not taken. Milk and lassi were the drinks of choice. When he used to go to those shops and some songs used to be heard, he used to hum along with them. Everyone used to say this boy should go to Bombay (Mumbai) as his voice was very good. The thought of becoming an actor entered his mind as well. He soon ran out of money to make ends meet.
His mother was expired when he was very young. Father was educated and of artistic mind but very strict, and the only ally at the home was his loving grand-mother. But she could also not protect him from his father's anger.
The famous actress Jyoti who sang with him was impressed by the handsome pathan (G. M. Durrani) with the wonderful voice. Her real name was Sitara Begum. They fell in love and both got married soon. Jyoti was the younger sister of actress Wahidan who acted in many movies including Alibaba. Wahidan's daughter Nimmi was to become a big actress in the 1950s too.
The last job Durrani did in Peshawar was of at a painter's shop where an artist always used to hum the tunes of the songs composed by highly respected Composer and Actor Rafiq Ghaznavi. He also started imitating those songs and got appreciation from the colleagues which inspired him. Durrani started practising Rafiq Ghaznavi's songs and assumed him as his master. During this time, his father took him to another job at his uncle's motor-part shop. But the artist within didn't stayed long there and Durrani ran away from the home to Lahore with only 22 rupees in his pocket.
In Lahore, Durrani did odd jobs along with singing on radio. This brought him fame and passion for radio singing which took him to Delhi first then to Bombay. He came to Bombay (now Mumbai) on 14 April 1935. In Mumbai, he got somehow job at Mumbai Radio Station and from here he got recognition. Filmwallahs started calling him to sing.
His singing career started from AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). Durrani was discovered by film producer Sohrab Modi. Modi gave him his first chance around 1935-36 in the movie Said-e-Havas, a historical under the music director, classical musician Bundu Khan popularly known as "Taan-Talwar" Bundu Khan. It was a ghazal whose words went something like this:-
"Mastonko shem farz hai peena Sharab ka,
gutti mein meri padh gaya qatara sharab ka"
The English Translation of this Ghazal:-
"The happy-go-lucky people imbibe liquor for euphoria but I drink because my first morsel of food had a drop of liquor in it."
When Durrani came to Bombay playback system was not there and one had to act on screen. He didn't like running around trees and refused to work further. He faced a lot of difficulties and could not return as people would call him a "Kanjar". Minerva was to close down soon too. He soon joined the Delhi Radio Station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)).
Durrani was working at the Delhi Radio Station where he got acquainted with poet Behzad Lakhnavi whose many ghazals had been sung by Mallika-e-Ghazal (Queen of Ghazals) Begum Akhtar.
Shifted to Mumbai:
He later shifted to the Mumbai Radio Station where he met a big personality at the time, whom he considered one of his ustad (master), Station Director of Bombay station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)), Baba-e-Nasharayat (Father of Broadcasting) Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari who helped the radio station come up a lot. Durrani called Ustad to Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari for honour. (Z. A. Bukhari, was the Station Director of Delhi station and Bombay station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). After the Partition of India and creation of Pakistan, Bukhari was made first director-general of Radio Pakistan (Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation) and later, he served as general manager of PTV (Pakistan Television Corporation)).
G. M. Durrani's salary which was fixed at Rs 40 per month was soon fixed. Here he was working as a Drama Artist. He was soon counted as one of the best drama artist on the radio those days. Over a period of three years his salary had gone upto Rs 70 per month. But fate would soon call him back to films.
Later 1939-40, when the concept of playback singing started he was the first to lend his voice for a film titled Bahurani. The film was made by Sagar Movietone and its music director was Rafiq Ghaznavi. Durrani was then working as a full-time Singer in AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). Those were British days and they were not allowed to do any private recordings. But Ghaznavi insisted. Durrani laid down some conditions, like; the recording should be fixed on a Sunday night so that no outsiders would be allowed to enter the studio. Secondly, he said that his name shouldn't appear in credit titles or on discs. The song was a duet with Miss Rose, an Anglo-Indian, who didn't have much experience as a singer. He was paid Rs.75 for the song as against his salary of Rs.70 a month at AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)). He then chucked up his job on 31 December 1940 and decided to concentrate fully on his film career.
Thereafter he sang for, among others, noted music directors like Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, friend Naushad, Shankar Rao Vyas and A. R. Qureshi (Better known as Alla Rakha, Pandit Ravi Shanker's famous tabla accompanist) for films like Mirza Ghalib, Humlog, Magroor, Shama, Namaste, Sabak and scores of others. He became very popular. Many singers started their careers with him and he inspired many others too.
He was the idol of Mohammed Rafi who imitated him in the initial days. Now what could be a better tribute to singer than that, that the symbol of divinity in the Indian Music Industry, Mohammad Rafi, followed him. In fact, in 1944 Rafi recorded what he considered his first Hindi language song for the film Gaon ki Gori (1944) for Shyam Sunder, "aji dil ho kaaboo mein to dildaar ki aisi taisi" with G. M. Durrani and chorus. Similarly, Haye Chorre Ki Jaat Badi Bewafa, a duet with G. M. Durrani, was Lata's first song for composer, Naushad. Geeta Dutt also started her career in her break through movie Do Bhai with the song Aaj Preet Ka Naata toot gaya for S. D. Burman.
Durrani has sung many songs during his career. His output later reduced. According to a story he was influenced not to sing for some time after his Hajj visit and Rafi then helped him get back to singing but by then his career was over. Music composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar in his first film Kurmai (Punjabi-1941) took Durrani as his assistant and later gave him the film Angoori (1943) as music director.
It is said that many years later someone heard an old man singing in a recording studio for jingles in a corner. When he went to tell the old man what a lovely voice he, was surprised to see it was Durrani who had fallen on hard times.
G. M. Durrani was very famous as Radio Drama Artist of Delhi station and Mumbai station of AIR (Akashvani (radio broadcaster)).
In the period of K. L. Saigal - Surinder, Khan Mastana and G.M. Durrani were also famous. G. M. Durrani was one of the 40s famous playback singers. Durrani tried to make his own identity as a playback singer and not try to follow the K L Sehgal type of singing. G. M. Durrani was a legendary Bollywood playback singer. His singing style was to inspire Rafi and others in the years to come. Later G. M. Durrani became a model to many playback singers who followed then. The soulful renditions of Durrani were to be reminded of by Talat's singing as well.
Mohammed Rafi was influenced most notably, by G. M. Durrani on whose style he based his singing. He sang with his idol in some of the songs such as "Humko Hanste Dekh Zamana Jalta Hai" (Hum Sab Chor Hain, 1956) and "Khabar Kisi Ko Nahiin, Woh Kidhar Dekhte" (Beqasoor, 1950).
G. M. Durrani considered his first famous song was 'Duniya mein sab jode jode' of the film "Sharda" (1942) composed by Naushad.
The song Neend Hamaari Khwaab Tumhaare Kitne Meethe Kitne Pyaare, that made him a real rage was however composed by Shyam Sundar for his movie Nai Kahani. This song sung most part by G.M. Durrani with some support by child-star Balakram was playing everywhere. When he sang, this song, the listeners went crazy. This timeless melody can never be forgotten by fans of Indian Cinema:-
Nearly 40 years later, when Tata Oil Mills did a program Mortal Men Immortal Melodies to celebrate fifty years of talkies in India, they invited him to re-render the song. Although many had forgotten him, his voice was still great and he got an applause for it.
G.M. Duranni's live performance at Mortal Men Immortal Melodies (1982) can be found at this link:-, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvrO4qkQ_EM
G. M. Durrani was the fast friend of tabla player Ustad Allah Rakha Qureshi (Better known as Alla Rakha).
Durrani got the opportunity to work as the assistant composer for his friend Khawaja Khurshid Anwar for his debut punjabi movie Kurmai.
Durrani became friends with an upcoming composer at the time called Naushad. Naushad gave him an offer to sing for a movie he was composing called Darshan. The movie had a chorus song, Oh Pardesi Babu Aate Jaate Rehna.
As an Actor in Films:
Mumtaz Mahal 1957-(Director-Ram Daryani),
Bhola Shikaar 1958-(Director-Akkoo),
Qismat Palat Ke Dekh,
Baharen Phir Bhi Aayengi,
Zamana Badal Gaya,
Pran Jaye Par Vachan Na Jaye,
Love & God,
Singing in Films:
Aaj Ki Raat (1948),
Akash Pari (1958),
Aan baan 1943,
Anand Bhavan 1953,
awara shahzadi 1956,
Aparadhi (1949 film),
badshah salamat 1956,
Bhai Jaan (1945),
Bharat Milap 1942,
But Taraash (1951),
Chandni Raat 1949,
Chhed Chhad (1943),
Chhoti Si Duniya (1953),
Deedar (1951 film),
dil ki basti 1949,
Dhoop Chaon 1954,
Do Bhai 1947,
Dolti Naiya (1950),
Ek Din Ka Sultan 1945,
Ek Tha Ladka (1951),
Ek Thi Ladki,
Ek Roz (1947),
Gaon Ki Gori (1945),
geet govind 1947,
Ghar Ki Izzat 1948,
Hanste Aansoo (1950),
heer ranjha 1948,
hip hip hurray 1948,
Hum Log 51,
Hum Sab Chor Hain 56,
Jalte Deep (1950),
Jeevan Taara 51,
Kaale Baadal (1950),
Lal Patthar (1971),
Lara Lappa (Punjabi),
man ka meet 50,
Mirza Sahiban 47,
Nai Duniya (1942),
Nai Kahani 1943,
Naqab Posh 56,
pehli shaadi 53,
patal bhairvi 52,
Pehle Aap (1944),
Pyar Ki Baten-51,
Ramayan (1954 film),
Romeo And Juliet (1947),
Samrat Chandragupt 45,
Sassi Punnu (1946),
sheikh chilli 56,
Sohni Mahiwal (1946 film),
Sunehre Din (1949),
Sunehre Qadam 66,
usha kiran 52,
Veer Arjun (1952),
Vikramaditya (film) 45,
Zara Bachke, etc.,
As a Music Director:
The legendary Filmmaker, Writer, Director and Music composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar took G. M. Durrani in his first film Kurmai (Punjabi-1941) as his assistant.
Durrani also assisting his friend Naushad for his movies around this time and big break for him was coming soon in the form of the movie Nai Duniya (1942).
G. M. Durrani composed the songs in these films:
Vijay Laxmi 43,
Bhagya Laxmi 44,
Dhadkan (1946 film),
As a Singer:
Songs for Film Actors and Heroes:
Durrani's voice were picturised on heroes like:
Songs with Music Directors:
A R Qureshi (Better known as Alla Rakha),
Bulo C Rani,
Bundu Khan (popularly known as "Taan-Talwar"),
Chitragupta Shrivastava (Better known as Chitragupta (composer)),
Ghulam Haider (composer),
Ghulam Mohammed (composer),
Hafiz Khan (Khan Mastana),
Khaiyyam (Better known as Mohammed Zahur Khayyam),
Khawaja Khurshid Anwar,
Mohinder Singh Sarna,
O. P. Nayyar,
Pandit Amarnath (Better known as Amar Nath),
Roshan (music director),
S. D. Burman,
Sajjad Hussain (composer),
Sardul Singh Kwatra,
Shankar rao Vyas,
S. N. Tripathi,
Vinod (Better known as Eric Roberts-Vinod ER),
Songs for Lyricist:
Deena Nath Madhok (D. N. Madhok),
Jan Nisar Akhtar,
Raja Mehdi Ali Khan,
Saraswati Kumar Deepak,
Swami Ramanand Saraswati,
Wali Sahab, etc.,
Saregama (Saregama India Limited, formerly The Gramophone Company of India),
His Few Songs:
Falak Ke Chand Ka Hamne Jawab Dekh Liya-Ek Din Ka Sultan 45 (Md-Shanti Kumar),
Kisi Ke Kooche Mein Gardan Kataane Jaate Hain-Ek Din Ka Sultan (Md-Rafiq Ghaznavi),
Itni Si Kahani Hai-Aiye 49 (Md-Nashad),
Jigar Ke Tukde Hain Dil Ke Tukde-Aiye (Md-Nashad),
Zindagani Ka Maza Shadi Mein Hain-Aparadhi (1949 film) (Md-Suresh Phadke),
Ye To Bata Mere Khuda-Nargis (1946),
Aye Chand Sitaro- Kuldeep (1946),
It Jaaye Ut Jaaye Nazariya Doley Ri- Sharda (1942),
Duniya Mein Sab Jodey Jodey- Sharda (1942),
Balahaari Re Kukadakun Bol- Sharda (1942),
Khel Nahi Gir Gir Ke Sambhalna - Doli (1947) (Lyricists: Majrooh Sultanpuri, Music Director: Ghulam Mohammad),
Is Toote Huye Dil Ka - Chhoti Si Duniya (1953),
Pee Kahaan Pee Kahaan - Chhed Chhad (1943) (Lyricists: Tanveer Ghazi, Music Director: Mushtaq Hussain),
Aye Dil Mujhe Rone De - Chand (1944) (Lyricists: Qamar Jalalabadi, Music Director: Husnlal Bhagatram),
Ab Kaun Hai Is Tute Hue Dil Ka - But Taraash (1951),
Pee Aaye Aakar Chal Bhi Diye - Bazaar (1949),
Kisi Bedard Ne Aisa Jalaya - Kaale Baadal (1950),
Hame kya hame kya - Nai Kahani (1943),
Samjhe The Jise Apna - Chand (1944),
Tumhe Sitaro Ne - Romeo And Juliet (1947),
Toota Hua Dil - Ek Roz (1947),
Ek Bewafa Ne - Ek Roz (1947),
Pardesi Babu - Darshan (1941),
Main Pee Darshan - Darshan (1941),
Meri Zindagi Bhi - Dolti Naiya (1950),
Nayi Ek Duniya - Jalte Deep (1950),
Pyaar Ki Shama - Aaj Ki Raat (1948),
Main Kisko Sunau - Maang (1950),
Mere Maalik Meri Kismat - Lakeeren (1954),
Dil Ke Pat Khol Ke - Pehle Aap (1944),
Aa Hosh Mein Deewano - Bhai Jaan (1945),
Ye Duniya Hai Bewafai Ki - Madhubala (1950),
Kisi Ko Yaad Karta Hai - Madhubala (1950),
Nayi Jawani Rut Mastani - Madhubala (1950),
Ab Kisko Sunaane Chali - Dukhiyari (1948),
Diya Bujhaao Jhatpat Jhatpat - Bazooband (1954),
Main Usse Karoon Pyar - Yateem (1945) (Lyricist-Ziya Sarhadi),
Hamein Ab Ye Jeena Ghawara - Khel (1950) (Lyricists: Behzad Lucknavi, Music Director: Sajjad Hussain),
Apni Mehfil Mein Phir Ik Baar - Khel (1950) (Song Lyricists: Jan Nisar Akhtar, Music Composer: Sajjad Hussain),
Songs with Other Singers:
Songs with Amirbai Karnataki:
Aa Badla Hai Zamanaa-Samrat Chandragupt 45-(Md-C Ramchandra, Lyrics-Buddhi Chandra),
Bolay mann ki maina-Aan baan 43 (Md-Gyan Dutt),
Wafayein hamari na tum aazmana-Diwani 47 (Md-Gyan Dutt),
Songs with Asha Bhosle:
Maine Jab Se Tumko Dekha Hai-Bade Bhaiya,
Thumak-Thumak Chali Kaamini-Ek-Do-Teen-53 (Md-Vinod ER),
Wo Hamse Mohabbat Kerte Hain-Pyar Ki Baten-51 (Md-Khayyam),
O Chhup Chhup Ke Sapnon Mein Aata Hai Kaun-Film-Jeevan Taara 51 (Md-Vasant Desai, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan),
Unko Rupye Me-Pyar Ki Baten-1951 (Md-Bullo.C.Rani & Khayyam),
Udhar chand nikla-Khashboo-1954 (Md-Shankar lal),
Nas Nas Mein Meri-Sandesh 52,
Songs with Bhupinder Singh (musician):
O Bekhabar Tujh Kya Pata-Akalmand 66 (with Mahendra Kapoor),
Songs with Faiyaz Mohammed:
Rum Pum Pum Pum-Akash Pari (1958),
Songs with Geeta Dutt:
Do Bhai 47-aaj preet ka naata toot gaya Lyricists: Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, Music Director: S D burman,
geet govind 47-chamkat damkat damini (Gyan Dutt)-with abha,
geet govind 47-viyogan deepshikha si jare (Gyan Dutt) (with rekharani),
heer ranjha 48-kafas ki qaid mein humko aziz khan,
hip hip hurray 48-hip hip hurray-2,dubeyji ko pakwan mila hanuman prasad,
hip hip hurray 48-Jawani Hum Guzare (with Shamshad Begum),
dil ki basti 49-yahi hai dil ki basti Ghulam Mohammed,
dil ki basti 49-kadam hai...nazuk dil hai tod na dena Ghulam Mohammed,
nazare 49-mere man mein dol bulo c rani,
nazare 49-milate ho usiko bulo c rani,
nazare 49-duniya ki andheri raat mein bulo c rani-with Shamshad Begum,
nazare 49-bahar aayi chaman bulo c rani-with Shamshad Begum,
dilruba 50-humne khai hai mohabbat mein (Md-Gyan Dutt),
jalte deep 50-nai ek duniya basayenge sardul kwatra,
khel 1950-teri nazaron ne mere seene pe fire kar diya (Lyricists: Khawar Zaman, Music Director: Sajjad Hussain),
man ka meet 50-machalta hua yeh dil sardul kwatra,
Deedar (1951 film)-Nazar phero na humse Shakeel Badayuni-with Shamshad Begum,
ghayal 51-o rani mainawati (Md-Gyan Dutt)-with meena kapoor,
ghayal 51-daiya re daiya (Md-Gyan Dutt)-with meena kapoor,
sansar 51-lucknow chalo ab rani Md-parthasarti, e s shashtri, b s kalla,
baghdad 52-dile beqarar kahe baar baar bulo c rani,
baghdad 52-yeh pyar ki baatein bulo c rani-with talat,
neelampari 52-jab tak chamke chand (Md-Khawaja Khurshid Anwar),
nirmal 52-tu jo mere pyar ki khichdi pakayega Md-bulo c rani,
patal bhairvi 52-jaoongi maike jaaongi ghantsala,
usha kiran 52-jago jago jago bhor suhani Md-hanuman prasad-with zohra and asha,
pehli shaadi 53-tum haan kah do Md-robin chatterji,
awara shahzadi 56-hum tum se raazi Md-jimmy,
badshah salamat 56-dil ke darwaze mein hui khatkhat Md-bulo c rani,
sheikh chilli 56-madhoshi mein tanhai mein (Md-Vinod ER),
akashpari 58-ho gaye barbad hum acchha hua Md-inayat ali,
akashpari 58-ho khel nahin dil se voh dil ka lagana Md-inayat ali,
jwalamukhi unreleased-tum tana tum tana...balam koi karke bahana, chupke se chod na jana,
non-film patriotic 50-vande matram,
Lakeeren 54-Aabaad Jahaan Barbaad Kiya,
Songs with Iqbal Begum:
Gote Da Haar Ve-Kurmai (Panjabi) (1941) (with Rajkumari Dubey),
Songs with Kishore Kumar:
Hamaari Shaan-Damdi damdi paisa paisa jod jod kar -(with Talat Mahmood), lyrics Anjum Jaipuri, music Chitragupta,
Songs with Khan Mastana:
Jiya Ka Diya - Sunehre Din (1949) (with Geeta Dutt and Shamshad Begum),
Hum Mast Dilo Ko Lekar - Sunehre Din (1949) (with Kalyani Das and Shamshad Begum),
Songs with Lata Mangeshkar:
Ek Thi Ladki-Lara Lappa Lara Lappa Laai Rakhda,
Chandni Raat 49-Haye Chhore Ki Jaat,
Shair 49-Do Bichhade Huye Dil,
Aiye 49-Kar Sakega Na Juda Tumko (Md-Nashad),
Aiye 49-Duniya Badal Gayi Ki Muqaddar Bigad Gaya (Md-Nashad),
Hum Log 51-Gaaye chala jaa,
Anand Bhavan 53-Hello, hello, Mr. Dil, kaho betaab ho kisliye,
Aao Baitho Baat Suno - Maang (1950),
Aye Sarban Aye Sarban - Caravan (1956),
Kya Haal Hai Huzoor Ke Dil Ka - Shikar (1955),
Songs with Mahendra Kapoor:
O Bekhabar Tujh Kya Pata - Akalmand (1966) (with Bhupinder Singh (musician)),
Songs with Manju Das:
Chand (1944)-Watan Se Chala Hai,
Songs with Mohammed Rafi:
Ek Thi Ladki49-Lara Lappa Lara Lappa Laai Rakhda,
Beqasoor 50-Khabar kisi ko nahin (with Mukesh) Md-Anil Biswas,
Musafir Khana55-Kuchh Aankh MiliO P Nayyar,
Zara Bachke-Aye Ishq Isse Barbad Na KarNashad,
Gaon Ki Gori-Aji Dil Ho Kaabu Mein,
Usey Dhoondh Hi Lenge - Anand Bhawan (1953),
Aashikon Ka Kaafila - Sassi Punnu (1946),
Songs with Mukesh (singer):
Beqasoor-Khabar kisi ko nahin (with Rafi),
Hanste Aansoo (1950)-Aise Mein Koi Chham Se,
Songs with Noor Jehan:
Mirza Sahibaan (1947)-Haath Seene Pe Jo Rakh Do (super hit song),
Mirza Sahibaan (1947)-Tum Aankhon Se Door Ho (MD-Pandit Amarnath Husnlal Bhagatram),
Songs with Parol Ghosh:
Namaste (1943)-Ambua Pe Panchhi Bawara (Lyrics- DN Madhok, Md- Naushad),
Songs with Rajkumari Dubey:
Kurmai (Panjabi) (1941)-Gote Da Haar Ve (with Iqbal Begum),
Ishara (1943)-Dheere-Dheere Bol Mere Raja (Lyricist-D. N. Madhok, Md-Khwaja Khurshid Anwar),
Station Master-Baras Gayi Raam Badariya Kaari (Md-Naushad),
Udd Jaau Main Sajan Re- Kavita (1944),
O Tujhko Nainon - Meharbani (1950),
Prem Ne Mann Mein Aag Lagayi - Nai Duniya (1942),
Dil Loot Liya Ji - Nai Duniya (1942),
Barasan Laagi Badariya - Nai Duniya (1942),
Jhuum rahi baagon men bhigi-Yateem (1945),
Songs with Sandhya Mukhopadhyay:
Ishq Me Ho Jao Barbaad-52 Izzat,
Tera Jhoomta Shabaab Jaise-52 Izzat,
Songs with Shamshad Begum:
Shama 46-Ek Yaad Kisiki Yaad Rahi (Ghulam Haider (composer)),
Laaj 46-Ab Hum Se Juda Mat Hona,
Ghar Ki Izzat 48-Taaron Ki Toliyon Ye Kaisa Hai,
Ghar Ki Izzat 48-Bahut Betakaluff Huye,
Kaneez49-Tum Kya Jano Mera Mthe Ki Bindiya Ka Mol,
Deedar (1951 film)-Nazar Phero Na Humse (Naushad),
Hum Log 51-Bogi Bogi Bogi,
Hum Log 51-Gaye Chala Ja,
Dhoop Chaon 54-Ajeeb Rang Hai,
Naqab Posh 56-Ae Mere Majnu Meri (Md-Dhumi Khan),
Gumashta-Tera Gora Gora Gaal,
Lara Lappa (Punjabi)-Mela Do Din Da,
Lara Lappa (Punjabi)-Akhiyan Wich Akhiyan Rehan De,
Jawani Hum Guzare - Hip Hip Hurray (1948) (with Geeta Dutt),
Hello Sai Hello - Bade Bhaiya (1951),
Dhil Die Jaa - Dada (1949),
Puraane Chaahne Walon Se - Nazaare (1949),
Dekho Ji Kya Sama - Sassi Punnu (1946),
Aaj Miya ji Ko - Mirza Sahiban (1947),
Ek Din Tumne - Ek Tha Ladka (1951),
More Balma - Ek Tha Ladka (1951),
Chal Chal Chameli - Dada (1949),
Songs with Sitara:
Aabroo (1968)-Piya Milan Ki Rut Aayi Hai,
Aabroo (1968)-Gori Baanke Naino Se chalaye Jaadua,
Songs with Sudha Malhotra:
Aadmi (1958)-Nayi Nayi Ye Preet,
Songs with Sulochana Kadam:
Actor (1951)-Teri Galiyon Main Aayi,
Songs with Suraiya:
Aaj Ki Raat (1948)-Haa Kyun Dil Mein Mere,
Aaj Ki Raat (1948)-Mere Aansuon Meri Hasraton,
Nili (1950)-Teri Zaalim Nigaahon Ne,
Songs with Talat Mahmood:
baghdad (1952)-yeh pyar ki baatein Md-bulo c rani-with Geeta Dutt,
Hamaari Shaan-Damdi damdi paisa paisa jod jod kar (with Kishore Kumar, lyrics Anjum Jaipuri, Md-Chitragupta),
Songs with Trilok Kapoor:
Laadla (1954)-Jal Tu Jalal Tu,
Songs with Uma Devi (Tun Tun):
Rashida Dulhan-Mohabat ne Chheda yeh kaisa taraana (Md-Ghulam Mohd),
Songs with Zeenat Begum:
Chand (1944)-Aye Chand Bata Mujhko,
Songs with Zohrabai Ambalewali:
Sohni Mahiwal (1946 film)-Chali Pyari Sakhi Sasural Dil Kyon Dole Na,
Sohni Mahiwal (1946 film)-Chenab Ke Behte Hue Paani,
Sohni Mahiwal (1946 film)-Oh Tujh Pe Salaam Ae Mere Nakaam-e-Mohabbat,
Lalkaar (1944)-Bhanwron Na Tab Tak,
Doli (1947)-Dilli Ki Galiyon Mein (Lyricists-Nazim Panipati, Music Director-Ghulam Mohammad),
Few of his famous songs are:
Nai Kahani (1943)-Neend Hamari Khwab Tumhare,
Namaste (1943)-Dil Ke Pat khole ke dekhe,
Chaand (1944)-Ae Dil Mujhe rone De,
Nargis (1946)-Ye to bata mere khuda, lut gaya mera pyar kyun,
Shama 46-Ek yaad kisi ki yaad rahi (with Shamshad Begum) (Ghulam Haider (composer)),
Magroor 50-Hum to tere dil ke bangle mein aana mangta (with Shamshad Begum),
Shair-Do Bichhde huye dil (with Lata Mangeshkar),
Hum Log 51-Gaaye chala jaa (with Lata Mangeshkar),
Kurmai (Punjabi) 41-Dil ainj ainj karda (Lyricist-D. N. Madhok),
Mirza Sahiban 47-Haath seene pe jo rakh do to qarar aa jaye (with Noorjehan),
Baghdad 52-Dil-e beqarar kahe baar baar (with Geeta Dutt),
Izzat 52-Dhoondhta hoon har jagha kahin nahin tera pata,
Hum Sab Chor Hain 56-Hum ko hansta dekh zamana jalta hai (with Mohd. Rafi),
Sunehre Qadam (1966)-Ye ghar aap ka hai (with Sudha Malhotra),
Koshish-Hindustan Waalon Geeta Ke Barq Uthaao (Md-Bashir Dehlvi),
Koshish-Ae Hind Ke Sapooton Jaago Hua Savera (Md-Bashir Dehlvi),
non-film patriotic 50-vande matram (with Geeta Dutt),
Hum Todenge - Gokul (1946) (Lyricists: Qamar Jalalabadi, Music Director: Sudhir Phadke),
Watan Se Chala Hai - Chand (1944),
Hindustan Ki Khatir - Gaon Ki Gori (1945),
G. M. Durrani was one of the first Muslim singers to get to sing Hindu Devotionals.
Raghukul Reet Sada Chali Aayi-Bharat Milap 42 (Lyricist-Goswami Tulsidas, Md-Shankar Rao Vyas),
Jhananan jhananan baaj rahi hai-Bharat Milap 42 (with Amirbai Karnataki) (Lyricist--Goswami Tulsidas, Md-Shankar Rao Vyas),
Utho Utho Hey Bharat, Maharaj raam chandra ki jay-Bharat Milap 42 (Lyricist--Goswami Tulsidas, Md-Shankar Rao Vyas),
Aan milo morey Shyaam-Namaste 43,
Shambho Mahadev Shankar-Vikramaditya (film) 45,
Om Jai Jai Shankar-Vikramaditya (film) 45 (with Amirbai Karnataki and Manna Dey),
Ram Chale Ram Chale Ban Chale Ram Raghuveer-Ramayan (1954 film),
Vasudev Sutam Devam - Veer Arjun (1952),
Kaha Hamare Chale - Gokul (1946) (Lyricists: Qamar Jalalabadi, Music Director: Sudhir Phadke),
In 40s and 50s G.M. Durrani was the senior Punjabi singer-actor from Mohammad Rafi. K.L. Saigal died on January 18, 1947. Then G. M. Durrani was the most senior Punjabi singer-actor after K.L. Saigal. Few songs are here:
Lara Lappa-Mela Do Din Da (with Shamshad Begum),
Lara Lappa-Akhiyan Wich Akhiyan Rehan De (with Shamshad Begum),
mayin pa ta yam-40s,
Beqasoor (1950)-Khabar kisi ko nahin (with Mukesh and Rafi) Lyrics-Ehsaan Rizvi, Md-Anil Biswas,
This qawwali can be found at this link:-
Ghayal (1951)-Hazaron khwahishein aisi ki har khwahish pe dam nikale (lyrics-Ghalib, Md-Gyan Dutt)),
This Ghazal can be found at this link:-
Lal Patthar (1971)-Quraan Khaani (Md-Shankar Jaikishan),
Professional controversy with G. M. Durrani & forgiveness:
There was some controversy regarding the professional jealousy in the early 40s about which an article had been published in film Magazine Madhuri in 1985. This is what the interview said which was aptly titled:-
"MAIN APNE ZAMANE KA MOHAMMED RAFI THA"
'Paan ki gilauri jamao yaar!'
'Nahi bhai, meri paan khane ki aadat kaha ?'
'Arey aadat daalo yaar, kabhi kabhi to khaya karo.'
'Nahi yaar, isse gaane mein takleef hoti hain, phir kyo khaaye ? Gaana hi to hamari rozi roti hain!'
'To meri rozi roti kya ghaas kaatna hain ? Lo...' Hafiz Khan ne Ghulam Mustafa ki aur pyar se paan ka beeda badhaya.
'Doston ka hath thukraya nahi karte...'
Aakhir Ghulam Mustafa ne paan ka beeda Hafiz Khan ke haath se lekar muh mein rakh liya; khair, aaj kaha recording thi ? Aur phir dosti ki baat hain, na nahi kah sakte. Muh mein rakhe pan ka ras gale mein aane laga. Tabhi mahsoos huwa jaise paan mein kuchh ajeeb swaad aa raha hain, aisa kyoo ?
Unhone jaldi se thookdaani kheech kar paan thook daala. Hafiz Khan ne poochha, 'Arey, kya huwa yaar ? Thook kyoo diya ?'
'Kuchh nahi' G.M. bole, 'Paan mein shayad tambaku aa gayi thi.'
SAAZISH YA ITTEFAQUE ??
Hafiz Khan kuchh bole nahi. Unka chehra gambhir ho gaya. Thodi der mein wah uth kar chale gaye.
Unke jaane ke baad G. M. Durrani ne thookdaani ko utha kar apni motor mein rakh diya aur Driver se kah kar gaadi ko Fort ki ek laboratory ke paas le chalne ko kaha. Waha unhone thooke gaye pan ka muaaina karwaya to we hairaan rah gaye. Kitna bada haadsa tal gaya, Ya Allah, agar paan thuk na diya hota to gale par hamesha ke liye taala lag jaata.
Paan mein kuchh milaya gaya tha. Wo agar gale mein chala jaata to gala hamesha ke liye seal ho jaata. Hafiz Khan kya baar baar isliye paan khilaane ki zid kar rahe they ?? G.M.Durrani ke saath mukaable mein wah is had tak utar aaye ??
1941 mein ghati aur un dino ke akhbaro mein chhape is waakye ka zikra jab 69 baras ke G. M. Durrani se kiya to unhone ek teekhe ehsaas ke saath muh ghuma liya. Phir bole,
"Nahi Nahi, main kisi ka naam le kar ab usey badnaam nahi karna chahta, lekin ha, yah haadsa huwa zaroor tha ! Aur wah aadmi bhi pandrah satrah saal pahle jannatnasheen ho gaya. Khuda uski rooh ko kaayam jannat bakshe."
Us bhale aadmi ne chahe naam nahi bataya, lekin hamare man ne baat ki thah pa li. Pandrah saal pahle jo guzar gaye the, we the shaayad Hafiz Khan urf Khan Mastana.
Hafiz Khan ke paas kaafi flats they, lekin 1972 ke March mein jab unki maut hui to paas mein phooti kaudi tak na nikli. Sharab, gaanja aur charas mein we aise kho gaye ki aakhirkar lakwe ke shikaar ho gaye. Aaj unka ek ladka hain, jo unki Mahim waali kholi mein hi rahta hain. Use bhi shayad lakwa maar gaya hain.
"Wah mera dost tha" Durrani bole. "Uska nasha chhudane ke liye maine lagataar kosish ki, par nakaam raha. Mera makaan bhi us waqt Mahim mein hi tha. Unki maut se aadhe paune ghante pahle main waha se guzar raha tha.
Unhone mujhe aawaaz de kar bulaya "Durrani Bhai, aana to ! Tumse ek ikraar karna hain." Lekin main jaldi mein tha. "Abhi aata hu", kah kar nikal gaya.
Doosre din sabere jaane ki soch hi raha tha, tabhi unke inteqaal ka samachar mila.
One can imagine how popular Durrani was from this incident and also what a nice person he was to be able to forgive.
Manna Dey says on page 190-191 in Memories Come Alive:
"Durrani-ji had a mellifluous voice, but lacked staying power and failed to survive as a singer. To reach the heights of success, it is necessary to be practical as well and this is where Durrani-ji fell short. I learnt a great deal from his failure. I realized that when a producer spends a fortune on his film, he expects everyone in his team to put in his best effort to make it a success. And putting in one's best meant being ingenious and innovative, qualities without which an artiste is likely to get lost in the wilderness. That, precisely, is what happened to Durrani-ji and I cannot help feeling sorry for the way his career turned out.",
- Manna Dey
Spirituality & Death:
G. M. Durrani had become spiritually inclined because of which he slowly left the industry. In an interview with Ameen Sayani in 1978, He said that he got bored of the materialistic world (like bungalow, motors, cars and other luxurious items) of Bollywood Bombay Film Industry and started avoiding the film career and film personalities. He started keeping a beard so nobody would recognise him. He sold his all luxurious items and started giving away money from the bank to various Faqirs. Finally, He shifted to a small house and opened a general merchant shop after taking a loan.
In an interview in 1978 with Ameen Sayani, He had this couplet to say about how he felt about everything:
"Jala Hai Jism Agar Dil Bhi Jal Gaya Hoga, Kuredte Ho Raakh To Justaju Kya Hai?", - G. M. Durrani
This interview can be found at this link:-
He died in Mumbai on 8 September 1988.
Text from this biography licensed under creative commons license