Exo (stylized as EXO; /ˌɛkˈsoʊ/ EK-soh; Korean: 엑소) is a South Korean-Chinese K-pop boy band produced by S.M. Entertainment. Formed in 2011 in Seoul, South Korea, EXO consists of 12 members separated into two subgroups, EXO-K and EXO-M, performing music in Korean and Mandarin, respectively. EXO-K comprises Suho, Baekhyun, Chanyeol, D.O, Kai and Sehun. The members of EXO-M are Xiumin, Luhan, Kris, Lay, Chen and Tao.
The group's two albums, the debut EP Mama (2012) and the studio album XOXO (2013), sold over 1.5 million units in total worldwide. With XOXO, they became the youngest boy band to win Album of the Year at the Mnet Asian Music Awards, and the fastest-selling K-pop artist in twelve years. EXO also has the highest chart position on the "Billboard 200" for Korean male group acts. Since 2012, the group has received over sixty awards.
In May 2011, at a Hallyu business seminar held at Stanford University, Lee Soo-man spoke about a strategy of debuting a new boyband, in which they would be divided into 2 subgroups, promoting the same music simultaneously in South Korea and China by performing songs in both Korean and Mandarin. After several changes, in December 2011, the group finalized their name to EXO, with the names EXO-K for the South Korean subgroup and EXO-M for the Chinese subgroup. Their name was taken from the word exoplanet. They debuted their first televised performance at SBS's annual Gayo Daejun event on December 29, 2011.
2012: Debut and Mama:
EXO-K and EXO-M's prologue single "What Is Love" was released on January 30, 2012, in mainland China and South Korea. The single peaked at number 88 on South Korea's Gaon Single Chart. On March 9, the group released their second prologue single "History", which was written and produced by Thomas Troelsen and Remee. The single peaked at number 68 on the Gaon Single Chart and number six on China's Sina Music Chart.
A concert for the group was held in Seoul's Olympic Stadium on March 31. Approximately 3,000 fans from 8,000 applicants were selected to attend. A second concert was held in the Great Hall of the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing on April 1.
EXO-K and EXO-M released their debut single, "Mama", on April 8 followed by an EP, Mama, on April 9. On April 8, Exo-K performed on South Korea's music program The Music Trend, while EXO-M made their debut in China's Top Chinese Music Awards on the same day. A day after release, "Mama" reached number one on various Chinese online retailers and music charts. Exo-M's album reached number two on China's Sina Album Chart, number five on South Korea's Gaon Album Chart, and number twelve on the Billboard World Albums Chart. Exo-K's album peaked at number one on the Gaon Album Chart and at number eight on the Billboard World Albums Chart. Exo-M's "Mama" music video reached number one on Chinese streaming websites, while Exo-K's version reached to number seven on YouTube's Global Chart. In late April 2012, Exo-M performed as a guest act for Super Junior's Super Show 4 concert tour in Jakarta, Indonesia.
In November 2012, EXO won Best New Asian Artist Group at the 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards. EXO-K received three nominations at the 27th Golden Disk Awards, winning the Newcomer Award. EXO-M received the Most Popular Group award at the 2013 Top Chinese Music Awards.
2013: XOXO, commercial success and Miracles in December:
XOXO was released in June 2013 to two versions, a Korean-language "Kiss" edition and a Mandarin-language "Hug" edition. Unlike during the Mama era, when EXO-K and EXO-M had separate promotions, XOXO was jointly promoted. The subgroups collaborated for the album's lead single, "Wolf", but the rest of the album was recorded separately. A few days after its release, the songs in XOXO topped almost every real-time chart from online music websites of South Korea and mainland China. The two versions collectively peaked at number one on the Billboard World Album Chart a week after release. Lead single "Wolf" peaked at number one on three of South Korea's music programs, earning the name "triple win." "Wolf" also won a trophy on MBC Music's Show Champion, but the song fared worse on music download charts, reaching to only top thirty spots in recorded charts from both South Korea and China.
A repackaged version of XOXO, with three additional tracks, was released on August 5, 2013. The reissue's lead single, "Growl", was unveiled via YouTube on August 1, 2013, in the format of a music video. On August 18, "Growl" achieved 10,554 points on The Music Trend charts, setting a new number one record on the show. "Growl" reached number one on all four of Korea's major music programs, winning a total of ten trophies in three consecutive weeks. The single peaked at number three on Billboard's Korea K-Pop Hot 100 and number two on the Gaon's Singles chart. As of October 2013, all versions of XOXO have collectively sold over 910,000 copies, breaking the record for being fastest-selling K-pop artist in twelve years.XOXO was named Album of the Year at the 2013 Mnet Asian Music Awards, making EXO the youngest ever boy band to win the award. The album's single "Growl" was also honored Song of the Year at the 2013 MelOn Music Awards.
EXO's second EP Miracles in December was officially released December 9, 2013 through South Korean commercial outlets and online music stores. Exo jump-started album promotions through their reality show EXO's Showtime, which premiered on November 28, 2013 on the cable channel MBC Every 1. Baekhyun, Chen, and D.O. performed the EP's lead single, "Miracles in December", at M! Countdown on December 5.
2014: Overdose, Kris' and Luhan's lawsuit and Fanclub Production:
EXO's third EP, "Overdose", released on May 7, 2014, performed exceptionally well on real-time music charts, achieving an 'all-kill' within just seven hours of its release.
On May 15, 2014, S.M. Entertainment confirmed through an interview that EXO-M's leader, Kris, had filed a lawsuit against the agency to terminate his contract. As of the submission date of the lawsuit the band promoted with 11 members.
In August 2014, S.M. Entertainment officially announced EXO's fandom name, "EXO-L". The logic behind the name is the letter "L" in "EXO-L" stands for "Love".
On October 10, Luhan filed a lawsuit against SM Entertainment to nullify his contract, mainly because of health issues. As of October 10 2014, Exo promotes with 10 members.
SM Entertainment has released a video teaser in late November that the group is gearing for an comeback in early 2015.
Date of birth
Kim Jun Myun
(1991-05-22) May 22, 1991 (age 23)
Byun Baek Hyun
(1992-05-06) May 6, 1992 (age 22)
Park Chan Yeol
(1992-11-27) November 27, 1992 (age 22)
Do Kyung Soo
(1993-01-12) January 12, 1993 (age 21)
Kim Jong In
(1994-01-14) January 14, 1994 (age 20)
Oh Se Hun
(1994-04-12) April 12, 1994 (age 20)
Date of birth
Kim Min Seok
(1990-03-26) March 26, 1990 (age 24)
(1990-04-20) April 20, 1990 (age 24)
(1990-11-06) November 6, 1990 (age 24)
(1991-10-07) October 7, 1991 (age 23)
Kim Jong Dae
(1992-09-21) September 21, 1992 (age 22)
(1993-05-02) May 2, 1993 (age 21)
^ Luhan is currently an inactive member, due to his lawsuit against SM Entertainment since October 10, 2014.,
^ Kris is currently an inactive member, due to his lawsuit against SM Entertainment since May 15, 2014.,
Nationality states where members currently hold citizenship
Text from this biography licensed under creative commons license