Corporal Edward Dwyer VC (25 November 1895 - 3 September 1916) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Dwyer was born in Fulham, London, on 25 November 1895.
He was 19 years old, and a private in the 1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment, British Army during World War I, and was awarded the VC for his actions on 20 April 1915 at Hill 60, Belgium.
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty at "Hill 60" on the 20th April, 1915. When his trench was heavily attacked by German grenade throwers he climbed on to the parapet, and, although subjected to a hail of bombs at close quarters, succeeded in dispersing the enemy by the effective use of his hand grenades. Private Dwyer displayed great gallantry earlier on this day in leaving his trench, under heavy shell fire, to bandage his wounded comrades.
--London Gazette, 21 May 1915
Dwyer was also awarded the Cross of St. George by Russia. He later achieved the rank of corporal. He was killed in action at Guillemont, France on 3 September 1916. His grave is located at Flatiron Copse Military Cemetery, France which is 4 miles east of Albert (Plot III, Row J, Grave 3).
His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment (Queens and Royal Hampshires) Museum located in Dover Castle, Kent.
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In 1916, Dwyer made an audio recording for the Regal record label in which he described taking part in the Retreat from Mons in the early days of the war. The monologue describes life at the front, pay and rations, and includes a sample of one of the songs sung by soldiers at the time. Both sides of the Regal disc (each lasting about 3 minutes) made for the British enlistment services are available on the archive audio collections Oh! It's a Lovely War (Vol 1) and Artists Rifles on CD41, which along with the Dwyer sides includes popular and patriotic songs, marches and descriptive sketch records. Dwyer's recording appears to be the only one made by a serving British soldier during the Great War, and as such is unique. Part of the recording was used in the 2003 documentary The First World War; the whole of one recording by Dwyer can be heard on www.firstworldwar.com