Eduardo Fabini (Solís de Mataojo, 18 May 1882 - 17 May 1950) was a Uruguayan composer and musician.
Fabini, along with Alfonso Broqua, Luis Cluzeau Mortet and Vicente Ascone, was a representative of the nationalist tendency that emerged in Uruguayan music in the 1910s and 20s.
Born May 18, 1882 in the small town of Solís de Mataojo , Lavalleja , with her parents Juan Fabini and Antonia Bianchi , of Italian origin and some distinguished musicians in your family. He spent his early childhood there in intimate contact with nature. Fabini is considered the highest positive value of classical music in Uruguay ; having started a musical orientation in classical music forms , tones and melodies of national folk music ; managed as expressions of exquisite refinement , excellent inspiration, and great musical sensitivity.
His musical knowledge was very early . At four years old, his favorite toy was the accordion. At six admired his performances in the harmonium. At this time he began his musical studies violin with his older brother, who then continued in Montevideo, at the Conservatory " The Lyre " ( from 9 to 13 years ) with teachers Romeo Massi and Italo Casellas , and later with Scarabelli and Ferroni On the advice of the teacher Perez Badia , won a scholarship in 1899 , at age 17 allowed him to travel to Europe and entered the music conservatory in Brussels ; where he studied with teachers deloc and Thomson ; and harmony with the teacher Brouk .
It began in the composition , performing their " Tristes " for orchestra two " Intermediate " a " arpegiano Study" for piano, and choir "Flowers of the field" ; while as a performer won First Prize for Violin with Distinction , awarded by the Brussels Conservatory . Fabini was the first South American in that environment was heard expressions of our native music .
He returned to Uruguay in 1903 , becoming known as soloist in various presentations made at the Teatro Solís of Montevideo, which aroused admirationAfter another trip to Europe, which in 1905 made to Spain where he remained two years; he returned to Montevideo in 1907, at which he participated with other national musicians in founding the Musical Conservatory of Uruguay, (1907). In 1913 he was also co-founder of the Association of Chamber Music, numerous concerts sponsored entity that acted as interpreter.
It is from time retiring to a life of field, to reside in Solís and the Source Salus, avoiding public activity. During this period he composed "Campo", his first symphonic poem, which recently was executed in public at the Teatro Albéniz in Montevideo on April 29, 1922. "Field" obtained immediately widespread recognition of his musical values, being also enshrined Buenos Aires - where he was executed in 1925 at the Teatro Colón by the Vienna Philharmonic - and soon in New York, Washington, Madrid, Barcelona, Berlin, Moscow, Valencia, Rio de Janeiro and other major music cities such as Vienna, where was performed by the Philharmonic in that city, under the baton of the great Richard Strauss.
Encouraged by this success, Fabini continued intense activity in the composition of works that evoke the sounds and atmospheres of the Uruguayan countryside; presenting soon after his other symphonic poem, entitled "The Island of ceibos". Among his works are numerous songs, school choirs, and fantasy for violin and orchestra; between one other piece of ballet on the subject of a work of Fernán Silva Valdés entitled "Mburucuyá" symphonic picture "Molga", and child ballet "Mañana de Reyes".
In 1927 he was appointed Artistic Added at the Embassy of Uruguay in the US, can move to the city of New York where "Field" and "The Island of ceibos" were recorded in recordings made by the Philharmonic Orchestra, edited by Company Victor Records.
Fabini died in May 1950 because of a heart condition.
Several schools bear his name, it is the departmental school in Minas (Instituto Eduardo Fabini), the Lyceum Mataojo Solis (Cradle of Fabini) and No. 6 School Music in the city of Rivera.
Román Viñoly Barreto says that "Fabini never felt the procupación innovative; He never sought to highlight technical knowledge; says his music as well, because that way it feels, and how is not in your intentions hope for a vain glory, nor seeks more reward than the silence she loves, occupies a plane striking sincerity". Salas and Pauletto added that "Fabini is essentially a nativist, simple and modest musician".
Poema sinfónico Campo,
La isla de los Ceibos,
Fantasía para violín y orquesta,
Mañana de Reyes, ballet for children,
Choir and orchestra:
La patria vieja,
Las flores del campo,
A mi Rio,
El Arroyo descuidado,
La Güeya, canción,
Singer and piano:
La flores del monte,
Sarandí en la corriente,
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