Eberhard Wächter (9 July 1929 - 29 March 1992) was an Austrian baritone, particularly celebrated for his performances in the operas of Mozart, Richard Wagner, and Richard Strauss. After retiring from singing, he became an administrator of the Vienna Volksoper and the Vienna State Opera.
Born in Vienna, Wächter studied at the University of Vienna and the Vienna Academy of Music. In 1953, he began voice lessons with Elisabeth Radó. That same year he made his operatic debut, as Silvio in Ruggiero Leoncavallo's Pagliacci, at the Vienna Volksoper. In 1954, he debuted at the Vienna State Opera. In 1956, he debuted at Covent Garden, as Count Almaviva in Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro, and at the Salzburg Festival, as Arbace in Mozart's Idomeneo; in 1958, at Bayreuth, as Amfortas in Wagner's Parsifal; in 1959, at the Paris Opera, as Wolfram in Wagner's Tannhäuser; in 1960, at both La Scala and the Lyric Opera of Chicago, as Count Almaviva; and, in January 1961, at the Metropolitan Opera, as Wolfram.
In 1963 he was awarded the title Kammersänger. In 1980 he created the role of Joseph in Gottfried von Einem's Jesu Hochzeit, opposite Karan Armstrong.
In 1969, Wächter appeared as Don Giovanni on the set of postal stamps issued by Austria to commemorate the centenary of the Vienna Staatsoper.
In 1987 he became general manager of the Vienna Volksoper. In 1991 he also became head of the Vienna State Opera, a position he held at the time of his death.
Wachter died in 1992 of a heart attack while walking in the woods of Vienna.
Wächter appears on at least nine opera recordings that enjoy classic status:
as Faninal in Walter Legge's 1956 production of Der Rosenkavalier with the Philharmonia, conducted by Herbert von Karajan and starring Dame Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Christa Ludwig, Teresa Stich-Randall, Ljuba Welitsch, Otto Edelmann, and Nicolai Gedda (EMI 7243 5 67869 2 9 (3CD),
as Donner in John Culshaw's 1958 production of Das Rheingold with the Vienna Philharmonic, conducted by Sir Georg Solti and starring Kirsten Flagstad, George London, and Gustav Neidlinger (Decca 028945555621),
in the title role of Legge's 1959 production of Don Giovanni with the Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini and starring Schwarzkopf, Dame Joan Sutherland, Graziella Sciutti, Luigi Alva, Gottlob Frick, Giuseppe Taddei, and Piero Cappuccilli (EMI 7243 5 67869 2 9 (3CD),
as the Count in Legge's production of Capriccio, conducted by Wolfgang Sawallisch and featuring Schwarzkopf, Christa Ludwig, Hans Hotter, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and Anna Moffo (EMI, 1959),
as Count Almaviva in a 1959 Le nozze di Figaro conducted by Carlo Maria Giulini and featuring Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Anna Moffo, Giuseppe Taddei, Fiorenza Cossotto and Ivo Vinco. (EMI 7 63266 2) (2 CD),
as Frank in the 1960 "gala" production of Die Fledermaus with the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Herbert von Karajan, featuring an all-star cast of guest singers performing hits from operetta, light opera and the Broadway stage. (Decca 4210462 - 2 CD),
as Kurwenal in Tristan und Isolde conducted at the Bayreuth festival by Karl Böhm (Deutsche Grammophon, 1966), alongside Birgit Nilsson, Wolfgang Windgassen, Christa Ludwig and Martti Talvela,
as John the Baptist in Salome, conducted by Solti, with Birgit Nilsson and Gerhard Stolze (Decca Records, 1961),
in the title role of Wozzeck, conducted by Christoph von Dohnányi, with Anja Silja as Marie (Decca Records, 1979),
On DVD, the baritone can be seen in a 1987 Die Fledermaus from Munich, opposite Pamela Coburn, Janet Perry and Brigitte Fassbaender, conducted by Carlos Kleiber and directed by Otto Schenk.