Caterina Bueno (April 2, 1943 - July 16, 2007) was an Italian singer and folk music historian.
Starting in the 1960s, her research and performances of Italian folk songs, particularly those of Tuscany, are credited to bringing a new awareness of Italian folk music.
Bueno was born in San Domenico di Fiesole to her Spanish father, painter Xavier Bueno, and Swiss mother, the writer Julia Chamorel. She taught herself to play the guitar and collected folk records, generally of Tuscany origin. She became active at the l'Istituto Ernesto De Martino and later the magazine Nuovo Canzoniere Italiano.
She has worked with many artists in her career including Francesco De Gregori who dedicated his song "Caterina" to her.