"Abja" redirects here. For other uses, see Abja (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 58°07′33″N 25°21′31″E / 58.12583°N 25.35861°E / 58.12583; 25.35861Coordinates: 58°07′33″N 25°21′31″E / 58.12583°N 25.35861°E / 58.12583; 25.35861
Population (1 September 2006)
Abja-Paluoja (first mention 1504) is a town (since 1993) in Viljandi County, Estonia. Joined 1998 with Abja Vald.
Abja Rural Municipality is situated in the Halliste Parish, the southern part of Viljandi County. The Halliste River and Kariste Lake are located near the northern border of the rural municipality. The municipality shares its southern border with the Republic of Latvia. The relief of the rural municipality may be classified as two: the northern part is covered with hummocks, mature valleys and walleys with a notch-like bottom, and the southern part is plains. The Pärnu - Valga asphalt road passes through the rural municipality and the Abja-Paluoja - Sultsi and Mõisaküla roads start from this road. The rest of the roads are covered with gravel, their total length is 77 km.
At present, the rural municipality owns 29.019ha of land. It is divided into cultivated land 9.630ha, natural grassland 1.652ha, forest and 12.913ha, yard land 179ha, other land 3.587ha.
People have had the possibility to get education in Abja from the year 1812. Until 1919, there were rural municipality and parish schools in Abja, after that elementary schools were established. Since the year 1940, one has been able to get upper secondary education in Abja ( Abja Gümnaasium ). There are 2 kindergartens in the rural municipality: in Abja-Paluoja (founded in 1912) and in Kamara (founded in 1962).
Villages in Abja Vald:
Abja-Vanamõisa, Abjaku, Atika, Kamara, Laatre, Lasari, Penuja, Põlde, Raamatu, Räägu, Saate, Sarja, Umbsoo, Veelikse, Veskimäe.